MAK-NEWS 27/05/95 (Miscellaneous 3/3)

From: "Demetrios E. Paneras" <>

Date: Sat, 27 May 1995 15:37:08 +1000

From: Sacha Shopov <shopo-sa@EELAB.SU.OZ.AU>

Subject:      MAK-NEWS 27/05/95 (Miscellaneous 3/3)

To: Multiple recipients of list MAKNWS-L <>

===================== M A K - N E W S ======================

MAK-NEWS 27/05/95 (Miscellaneous 3/3)


  • [1] SMD: Keating (Australia) pushes APES as mini-UN.

  • [2] Reuter: Protests Greet Keating's words on Tolerance.

  • [3] Jiji: Japan to give 1st Grant to Macedonia.

  • [4] EU: Invitation to tender - EBRD - Consultancy Services [Macedonia PTT].

  • [5] Business Wire: (USA) Noted Management Specialist Advising Macedonian Govt.

  • [6] HINA: Macedonia foils attempt to smuggle equipment to Yugoslavia.

  • [7] EIU: Macedonia - COUNTRY UPDATE.

    Comments: This edition of MAK-NEWS contains articles relating to Macedonia and its neighbours, during the past several weeks. Please Note: Unless otherwise stated, articles are reproduced

    without permission for fair use only. ======================== MAK-NEWS ============================


    y MARK RILEY. APEC - Asia Pacific Economic Co-operation - should become a forum for the mediation of political, security and humanitarian issues in the region, the Prime Minister said yesterday. Opening the Global Cultural Diversity Conference in Sydney, Mr Keating said regional organisations had a more intimate understanding of local issues and could respond more quickly to crises than big multilateral organisations such as the United Nations. The cultural and historical background necessary to resolve conflicts was also more likely to lie within the regions. Mr Keating suggested that APEC could become part of a network of regional bodies that worked among their member States to complement, but not replace, the broader work of the UN. The Prime Minister is considered to be the prime mover in expanding the role and weight of the Australian-inspired APEC. His influence among the member States was also crucial to the success of the 1994 Bogor declaration, which committed APEC members to achieving free trade in the region by 2020. "(APEC) is a practical example of what used to be called north-south co-operation; in fact, it is the best example in the world," he said. "I have no doubt that here, as in Europe, the act of working together on practical economic issues will have beneficial political and security consequences as well." The conference, at the Darling Harbour convention centre, has attracted 1,000 Australian and international delegates to discuss ways of improving co-operation and tolerance between culturally diverse countries. Australia is the host as part of its contribution to the International Year of Tolerance and the 50th anniversary of the UN. The Secretary-General of the UN, Dr Boutros Boutros-Ghali, told the conference that the UN should concentrate on fostering democracy throughout the world as it entered its second 50 years. "This requires not only the creation of institutions and procedures of democracy, but also a commitment of both the heart and the mind to the values of democracy," he said. "This cannot succeed in the absence of a commitment to cultural democracy." Mr Keating said Australia had become a "rich, pluralistic and peaceful" society, but could not claim to be a truly tolerant State until it had achieved permanent reconciliation with Aborigines. "The process of reconciliation is a basic test of our modern nationhood - on it depends our relationship with both our past and our future," he said. Australians had to accept responsibilities to bring about a tolerant society. The Minister for Trade, Senator Cook, told the conference that Australia needed to position itself to take best advantage of the export opportunities that would appear as the world continued to move towards an open global economy. The reduction of barriers to international trade and investment and the deregulation of financial markets had created the foundation for the largest change in economic strength since the industrial revolution, he said. Outside the conference, about 300 Macedonian Australians demonstrated against the Government's recognition of the former yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (editorial note: demonstrated against NOT recognising Macedonia as simply Macedonia, but rather the long winded 'fyrom' terminology,) and its decision to refer to its people as Slav- Macedonians. The protesters chanted slogans against the Prime Minister and the Minister for Foreign Affairs, Senator Evans. SYDNEY MORNING HERALD


    OLERANCE. By Mark Bendeich SYDNEY, April 26 (Reuter) - Australian Prime Minister Paul Keating on Wednesday said his multicultural country was an example of tolerance for the rest of the world, but his remarks were overshadowed by ethnic protests. About 500 Macedonian protesters, and a small group of Bosnian demonstrators, chose an international cultural- diversity conference in Sydney to voice complaints against Keating and visiting U.N. Secretary-General Boutros Boutros- Ghali. Opening the conference, Keating said Australia had long-ago abandoned its whites-only immigration policy and was now an open, outward-looking society made up of over 220 nationalities. "We like to think we have in our modern nationhood at least some of the elements of a 21st century model -- diversity, tolerance, openness and worldliness within the boundaries of national purpose and cohesion," he told the conference. "And perhaps, as we pursue those goals, we can help the world pursue them," Keating said, adding that much work still needed to be done to improve relations with Aborigines. But outside the conference, protesters waving Macedonian flags and holding placards condemned the Australian government's recent decision to rename Macedonians as Slav- Macedonians for official purposes. "It's discrimination to the extreme," Macedonian activist Alex Sapker told Reuters as protesters held placards accusing the government of bowing to Greek pressure not to recognise the name Macedonia. Greece disputes Macedonia's name, flag and constitution, saying the former Yugoslav republic harbours territorial ambitions on the northern Greek province of the same name. Boutros-Ghali also addressed the conference on Wednesday, drawing small protests from Bosnian and Kashmiri demonstrators. Respect for different cultures is central to the United Nations' task of resolving international disputes, he told the conference, attended by about 1,000 delegates from 43 countries. REUTER NEWS SERVICE

    [3] 24Apr95 JAPAN: JAPAN TO GIVE 1ST GRANT TO MACEDONIA. Tokyo, April 24 (Jiji Press)-Japan will provide grant aid of about one billion yen to Macedonia in the current fiscal year to March 1996, its first economic aid to any of the f

    ormer Yugoslav states, government sources said Monday. Foreign Minister Yohei Kono will officially offer the grant when he visits Eastern Europe from Friday, according to the sources. Of the grant, 500 million yen will be used for settlement of import deals to help cover a lack of foreign currency. The remaining 500 million to 600 million yen will be used for the purchase of medical instruments and other items. The government will continue to provide grant aid to Macedonia in the next fiscal year and beyond, the sources said. Macedonia's economy has been growing weaker, affected by prolonged ethnic conflict in neighboring Bosnia-Herzegovina. JIJI PRESS NEWSWIRE


    ERVICES. Fyr Macedonia PTT 'Makedonia' project management and implementation Invitation for expression of interest PTT 'Makedonia' (MPTT) intends to engage consultants to assist in the development of sufficient competence and experience in MPTT within selected areas of management, administration and implementation of a telecommunications project to ensure the success of the Macedonian Telecommunications Project. The main components of the Macedonian Telecommunications Project were published in Procurement Opportunities Number 34 dated 2/1995. The main objectives of the assignment shall be: - to assist PTT 'Makedonia' in establishing a project management and implementation unit (PIU) capable of managing and implementing the Macedonian Telecommunications Project, ensuring that the project is executed according to the time table, within the budget and to the required standards of quality and performance; - to assist PIU in the process of procuring goods and services required for the project in accordance with the bank's procurement policies and rules; - to assist PIU in fulfilling all reporting requirements under the terms of the loan agreement in good time; - to assist PIU in the control of delivery of goods, disbursement requests under the bank loan, management of claims, contract amendments and/or changes to orders, ensuring that all contractual obligations are adhered to; - to assist PIU in developing competence in operational project management, utilization of resources and work force, work planning and project budgeting and accounting; - to assist PIU in developing competence in use of general electronic data processing for project management systems. The assignment is expected to start in May 1995 and will be undertaken over a period of 30 months. The maximum budget for this consultancy is 450 000 USD. Interested firms are hereby invited to submit expressions of interest. A short list of qualified firms will be formally invited to submit proposals following this invitation. In order to determine the capability and experience of consulting firms seeking to be shortlisted, the information submitted shall include the following: - company profile, organization and staffing; - details of experience or similar assignments undertaken in the previous 5 years, including their locations; - CVs of staff who would be available to work on the assignment. 3 copies of the above information in English should be submitted to the address below in an envelope marked 'Expression of interest for Project Management and Implementation', for delivery not later than 12. 5. 1995. Further information may be obtained from: Mrs Menka Efnuseva, PTT 'Makedonija', Orce Nikolov bb, MK-91000 Skopje, tel. (389) 91 22 50 04, facsimile (389) 91 14 12 08. Document number...........: ND:40365-95 BASE: TEDA Journal number............: JO S 077 Deletion date.............: 12:05:95 Type of document..........: Invitation to tender Nature of contract........: Service contract Type of procedure.........: Open procedure Regulation of procurement.: European Investment Bank European Bank for Reconstruction and Development Awarding authority type...: Central government Type of bid required......: Not specified Awarding criteria.........: Not specified Awarding authority name...: PTT MAKEDONIA Country code..............: MK Original language.........: English (c) Tenders Electronic Daily, 1995. TENDERS ELECTRONIC DAILY


    F MACEDONIA. BEL AIR, Calif.--(BUSINESS WIRE)--April 18, 1995--It was announced today that Dr. Ichak Adizes (Ah-DEE-ses) was retained to work with the Macedonian cabinet, including all members of the coalition. Adizes first met in January 1995 in Skopje with President Kiro Gligorov, Prime Minister Branko Crvenkovski, the cabinet of governing coalition Liberals, Socialists and the Albanian Party for Democratic Prosperity. ``It is not project specific,'' commented Adizes. ``The task is to create a problem-solving environment based on respect for differences of orientation and ethnic interests and to utilize methodologies on the macro scale developed in the business world.'' The work with Macedonia is the 12th government which Adizes has advised over a 25-year career involved in restructuring organizations around the world, from Fortune 500s such as the Bank of America, new entrepreneurial companies, to cultural institutions and governments and their agencies. Macedonia achieved independence from the former Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in September 1991. Although the poorest of the former FRY states, with an estimated 35 percent living below the poverty line, Macedonia is one of the few multi-ethnic nations in the area that is attempting to develop according to democratic principles rather than slipping back into autocratic or authoritarian rule. The government of Crvenkovski has implemented stabilization programs of wage controls, fixed foreign exchange, austerity programs; and, since independence, the government has implemented privatization programs and legal frameworks for private enterprise. ``Issue No. 1 is privatization,'' said Adizes. ``Wherever privatization has been tried in Eastern Europe, there is no successful experience to copy and it has not been very successful. We need to establish a privatization program that makes sense for `buy-in,' creates competitive and efficiently working companies, and avoids corruption, as has occurred in other Eastern European countries.'' Other persistent problems have troubled Macedonia's effort to introduce democratic government, including the role of a large Albanian population; the influx of 30,000 refugees from the former Bosnia-Herzegovina; embargo from Greece directed against the landlocked state because of the name they chose to call themselves; and a $1 billion trade deficit inherited from the Former Republic of Yugoslavia. ``The challenge is,'' said Adizes, ``how you successfully manage a multi-ethnic, multi-religious society and guarantee its identity.'' Adizes' work with governments has included Sweden, Mexico, Greece, Israel, Brazil, Iceland, Ghana and others. In 1991, he met for two weeks with Slobodan Milosevic and other leading Yugoslav figures concerning issues in the fragmentation of the then federal republic. Macedonia's stability is critical to the West, commented Adizes. ``Macedonia is bordered by Greece, Albania, Bulgaria and the Serbia's volatile Kosovo Valley -- with Muslim interests throughout the area. The worst scenario is a Serb genocide in the Kosovo Valley sending refugees into Macedonia and setting off a domino effect spreading of the three-year old Bosnian crisis.'' In addition to his consulting work, Adizes is the author of several books, including his recent ``Mastering Change.'' Adizes was born in Skopje. Israeli TV is currently producing a documentary about the WWII escape of him and his family from the Skopje concentration camp to the mountains of Albania, where they lived as Muslims for three years.

    CONTACT: Adizes Institute Inc., Bel Air Patrick Griffin, 310/471-9677, (fax) 310/471- 1227 BUSINESS WIRE


    QUIPMENT TO YUGOSLAVIA. Source: HINA news agency, Zagreb, in English 0949 gmt 15 Apr 95 The Macedonian Foreign Ministry has announced that an attempt to smuggle oilfield equipment to the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in defiance of the international sanctions has been uncovered. The following is the text of a report by the Croatian news agency HINA: Skopje, 15th April: Macedonian customs officials have discovered a ring of smugglers running oilfield equipment into Yugoslavia, in contravention of UN Security Council trade sanctions. The discovery followed on the heels of the interception of an illicit shipment of machine parts destined for Yugoslavia last month. Investigation showed that the goods had crossed several countries before entering Macedonia, often changing documentation, the Macedonian Foreign Ministry said yesterday in a statement. The intercepted shipment consisted of 16 trucks arriving from Bulgaria and bearing the licence plates of a "neighbouring country", the statement said. The investigation was carried out by Macedonian authorities in cooperation with international bodies controlling the implementation of Belgrade sanctions. Several Macedonian companies were apparently involved in the operation, but a lid was being kept on their identity in the interests of investigation. Several other shipments were stopped at the Bulgarian border this month and prevented from entering Macedonia. BBC MONITORING SERVICE: CENTRAL EUROPE & BALKANS

    [7] 17Apr95 MACEDONIA: COUNTRY UPDATE. OVERVIEW: Macedonia's economic position has deteriorated significantly since independence in 1992, under the impact of sanctions on trade with Serbia-Montenegro and the Greek e

    mbargo on Macedonia itself. The sanctions against Serbia are estimated to have cost Macedonia $1.9bn so far (Serbia used to account for 60% of Macedonia's trade), while the Greek blockade is estimated to cost about $40m a month. Macedonia's economic position remains extremely fragile. Under pressure from the IMF and World Bank, which have been insisting on swift changes, the new government has given priority to economic stabilisation and speeding up the pace of structural reform. However, until the embargoes are lifted and economic cooperation is freely re-established with Serbia and Greece, little headway can be made. BUDGET: The budget deficit was held at 4% of SP, against a target of 5.8%. The government aims to reduce the deficit to below 2% this year. INFLATION: The government has had some success in meeting inflation targets agreed with the IMF. The year-end inflation rate for 1994 dropped below 60% from 230% the previous year, and is projected to fall to 30% this year. CURRENCY OUTLOOK: The Macedonian denar has remained stable, at around Denar30:DM1 since autumn 1994. PRIVATISATION: The prospect of receiving sizeable amounts of aid this year has persuaded the government to speed up the pace of privatisation. Skopje plans to privatise about 900 state-controlled enterprises through auction sales. The first will be Macedonia's tobacco processors; the government hopes that successful sales will open the way for sales to foreign buyers of companies in other sectors, including tourism and hotel companies, textiles and marble producers, and food processors. EXTERNAL ACCOUNT: There are no available detailed figures on foreign trade. The current-account deficit in 1994 was estimated at less than $100m. However, the unofficial easing of UN sanctions against Serbia-Montenegro has boosted trade, especially in food, construction materials and spare parts. The Greek blockade remains an obstacle to Macedonia's restructuring efforts, however. The blockade cuts off access to the port of Thessaloniki, through which 60% of exports used to be routed. Its effects have diminished somewhat as exporters have found slower and more expensive alternative routes through Albania and Bulgaria. Imports of crude oil and raw materials for industry used to come by rail via Thessaloniki to Skopje. The government has avoided fuel shortages by importing petroleum products, rather than crude oil, by truck from Bulgaria. POLITICAL OUTLOOK: The main threat to political stability in Macedonia comes from within rather than outside the republic. No sooner had the new government been appointed in December 1994, than it was embroiled in a conflict with the Albanian minority in the west of the country. The longstanding Albanian demand for Albanian-language higher education is becoming the focus of social unrest and agitation by separatists. Meanwhile, US pressure has probably been instrumental in persuading Greece to be more accommodating to Skopje. Skopje is insisting that its formal name be simply Macedonia, rather than opting for a compromise such as New Macedonia which Greece would probably accept. The government is sensitive to the nationalist opposition parties and is concerned that making any concessions to the Greek position would bring protestors on to the streets of the capital. SOURCE: EIU, Electronic Publishing. 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