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Treaty Establishing the European Community

as Amended by Subsequent Treaties

ROME, 25 March 1957


Part Three. Community Policies


[130r] [130s] [130t]

Part Three. Community Policies


Article 130r.

  1. Community policy on the environment shall contribute if to pursuit of the following objectives:
    • preserving, protecting and improving the quality of the environment;
    • protecting human health;
    • prudent and rational utilization of natural resources;
    • promoting measures at international level to deal with regional or worldwide environmental problems.
  2. Community policy on the environment shall aim at a high level of protection taking into account the diversity of situations in the various regions of the Community. It shall be based on the precautionary principle and on the principles that preventive action should be taken, that environmental damage should as a priority be rectified at source and that the polluter should pay. Environmental protection requirements must be integrated into the Community's other policies.

    In this context, harmonization measures answering these requirements shall include, where appropriate, a safeguard clause allowing Member States to take provisional measures; for non-economic environmental reasons, subject to a Community inspection procedure.

  3. In preparing its action relating to the environment, the Community shall take account of:
    • available scientific and technical data;
    • environmental conditions in the various regions of the community;
    • the potential benefits and costs of action or of lack of action;
    • the economic and social development of the Community as a whole and the balanced development of its regions.
  4. Within their respective spheres of competence, the Community and the Member States shall co-operate with third countries and with the competent international organizations. The arrangements for Community co-operation may be the subject of agreements between the Community and the third parties concerned, which shall be negotiated and concluded in accordance with Article 228.

    The previous sub-paragraph shall be without prejudice to Member States' competence to negotiate in international bodies and to conclude international agreements.

Article 130s.

  1. The Council, acting in accordance with the procedure referred to in Article 189c and after consulting the Economic and Social Committee, shall decide what action is to be taken by the Community in order to achieve the objectives referred to in Article 130r.
  2. By way of derogation from the decision-making procedure provided for in paragraph 1 and without prejudice to Article 100a, the Council, acting unanimously on a proposal from the Commission and after consulting the European Parliament and the Economic and Social Committee, shall adopt:

    • provisions primarily of a fiscal nature;
    • measures concerning town and country planning, land use with the exception of waste management and measures of a general nature, and management of water resources;
    • measures significantly affecting a Member State's choice between different energy sources and the general structure of its energy supply.

    The Council may under the conditions laid down in the preceding subparagraph, define those matters referred to in this paragraph on which decisions are to be taken by a qualified majority.

  3. In other areas, general action programmes setting out priority objectives to be attained shall be adopted by the Council, acting in accordance with the procedure referred to in Article 189b and after consulting the Economic and Social Committee.

    The Council, acting under the terms of paragraph 1 or paragraph 2 according to the case, shall adopt the measures necessary for the implementation of these programmes.

  4. Without prejudice to certain measures of a Community nature, the Member States shall finance and implement the environment policy.

  5. Without prejudice to the principle that the polluter should pay, if a measure based on the provisions of paragraph 1 involves costs deemed disproportionate for the public authorities of a Member State, the Council shall, in the act adopting that measure, lay down appropriate provisions in the form of:
    • temporary derogations and/or
    • financial support from the Cohesion Fund to be set up no later than 31 December 1993 pursuant to Article 130d.

Article 130t. The protective measures adopted pursuant to Article 130s shall not prevent any Member State from maintaining or introducing more stringent protective measures. Such measures must be compatible with this Treaty. They shall be notified to the Commission.

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