U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE
1997 APRIL: PATTERNS OF GLOBAL TERRORISM, 1996
Office of the Secretary
Office of the Coordinator for Counterterrorism, Philip C. Wilcox, Jr.
Eleven international terrorist attacks occurred in Africa during 1996,
one more than during the previous year. Most took place in Ethiopia, where
there were several deadly bombings and armed attacks.
Addis Ababa was the site of two deadly hotel bombings in 1996. On 18
January an explosion in a hotel frequented by diplomats and foreign
visitors killed four persons and injured at least 20 others, among them
several foreigners. A bomb exploded in a second hotel on 5 August, killing
two persons and injuring 17, including a Belgian citizen. Antigovernment
groups are believed responsible for both attacks.
On 8 July gunmen shot and wounded the Ethiopian Transport and
Communications Minister in Addis Ababa. An ethnic Somali Islamic extremist
group, al-Ittihaad al-Islami, claimed responsibility for the shooting.
In October unidentified assailants shot three foreigners in a shopping
area in the eastern city of Dire Dawa. A German was killed on 5 October,
and on 16 October a French national and a Yemeni were killed. Although no
claims of responsibility were made, local officials blamed Islamic
extremists for the attacks.
On 24 October gunmen attacked a Sudanese refugee camp in Uganda near the
border with Sudan, killing 16 refugees and wounding five others. No one
claimed responsibility for the attack.