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Cyprus PIO: Turkish Cypriot Press and Other Media, 97-10-15
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From: The Republic of Cyprus Press and Information Office Server at <http://www.pio.gov.cy/>
TURKISH CYPRIOT PRESS AND OTHER MEDIA
No. 191/97 -- 15.10.97
[A] NEWS ITEMS
[B] COMMENTS AND EDITORIALS
[A] NEWS ITEMS
 ECEVIT: IT IS POSSIBLE OUR PLANES WENT AS WELLAccording to illegal Bayrak Radio (1530 hours, 14/10/97) Turkish Deputy Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit has declared that the Turkish Cypriots will do the same as the Greek Cypriots. Commenting on the latest situation in Cyprus, Ecevit said: "In the wake of the Greek Cypriot exercises, it is possible that our planes went as well. Anyway, that was the plan." Ecevit, currently conducting contacts in Sweden, was asked by journalists to comment on the Nikiforos exercises. He responded: "In the wake of the Greek Cypriot exercises, it is possible that our planes went as well. Anyway, that was the plan." Asked what the plan is, Ecevit said: "I don't know the details, but we will conduct exercises in response to the Greek Cypriot exercises." Ecevit was also asked if the moratorium has been violated, to which he replied: "It is now just words."
 TURKEY, TURKISH CYPRIOTS PREPARE FOR TOROS 97-2 EXERCISESAccording to Sabah (14/10/97) the so-called Turkish Cypriot Coordination Council, which is similar to the National Security Council in Turkey, held an extraordinary meeting under Rauf Denktash last Monday. The meeting, held on camera, was attended by Lieutenant General Ali Yalcin, commander of the Turkish occupation forces in Cyprus, Brigadier General Hasan Peker Gunal, commander of the "TRNC Security Forces", so-called minister of Agriculture Ilkay Kamil, and Turkish envoy Ertugrul Apakan.
The Turkish Armed Forces will hold their Toros 97-2 exercises in the "TRNC" and the Eastern Mediterranean region from 1 to 8 November. Their exercises will be reaction to the joint Greek-Greek Cypriot exercises codenamed Nikiforos 97.
Many naval ships, military aircraft, and units affiliated with the so- called Peace Force Command in Cyprus and the "TRNC Security Forces Command" will participate in them.
 SERDAR DENKTASH ON GREEN'S REMARKSAccording to illegal Bayrak Radio (1030 hrs, 14/10/97) Serdar Denktash, "state minister and deputy prime minister", has claimed that the remarks by Pauline Green, leader of the Socialist Group of the European Parliament, stating that the real voice of the Turkish Cypriots consists of the opposition parties is tantamount to denying the "government" parties. In a written statement he issued Denktash described Green's declaration that the real voice of the Turkish Cypriots consists of the two opposition parties as "very unfortunate".
Although the opposition is an inalienable component of contemporary democracies, Denktash said, it is the voice of the minority that has failed to obtain the necessary majority to come to power in a political climate where opposition has any meaning.
Serdar Denktash reported Green as having said: Rauf Denktash is the obstacle to a solution in Cyprus. The obstacle is a reflection of his wrong stand and his propaganda campaign.
 THE SPLIT BETWEEN THE DP AND UDPAccording to KIBRIS (11/10/97) the National Birth Party (UDP) broke away from the junior "coalition partner" Democratic Party (DP), with which it had merged a year ago, and Enver Emin, former secretary general of the DP, DP "deputy" from occupied Kyrenia Unal Ustel, Harbay Seren, head of the DP's Karpass district organization and "mayor" of occupied Galatia, Ekrem Uzun, head of the DP's occupied Morphou district organization, Candan Teral, head of the DP Women's Branch, and 435 others, who had originally come from the UDP, resigned from the DP.
In a news conference in the former headquarters of the UDP, Enver Emin said the DP should have withdrawn its support of the "government" long ago, adding: "A party does not have to remain in power at all costs."
Enver Emin had already resigned from his post as secretary general of the DP on 8 September. Despite it being reported in the press, the DP officials, including DP leader Serdar Denktash, persistently denied the reports. A group led by Enver Emin had resigned from the National Unity Party (UBP) and established the UDP with the aim of "uniting the right," and then decided to merge it with the DP on 7 October 1996.
As this new step is taken to revive the UDP with new resignations (from the DP), the following "parliamentary" distribution has emerged with the resignation of the DP "deputy" from occupied Kyrenia Unal Ustel: UBP 17 seats, DP 13, Republican Turkish Party (CTP) 13, Communal Liberation Party (TKP) five, and independents two.
Once the UDP is formally reestablished and Unal Ustel joins it, the number of independents in the Assembly will fall to one, and the number of political parties in the pseudostate will rise to nine.
 ATUN MEETS SWEDISH COORDINATOR SINCE DENKTASH 'INDISPOSED'According to illegal (1030 hours, 14/10/97), so-called assembly speaker Hakki Atun met with Sweden's special coordinator to Cyprus, Keif Fatman, at the "Presidency" yesterday. Also present were "presidential aides" Necati Munir Ertekun and Ergin Olgun.
Hakki Atun met with the Swedish official on behalf of Rauf Denktash, who is indisposed.
 ATUN CRITICIZES PAULINE GREENAccording to illegal Bayrak Radio (1030 hours, 13/10/97) Hakki Atun, so- called speaker of the pseudo-Assembly, has called on Pauline Green, leader of the socialist group at the European Parliament, "to respect the democracy of the Turkish Cypriot people." In a written statement he issued, Atun claimed that "not only do Pauline Green's latest remarks constitute an interference in the domestic affairs of the sovereign, independent, and democratic Turkish Cypriot community, but they also cause one to question this politician's democratic and political culture."
 MEHMET ALI TALAT COMMENTS ON NIKIFOROS EXERCISESAccording to illegal Bayrak Radio (1530 hours, 13/10/97) the Republican Turkish Party (CTP) has said that the Nikiforos exercises show once again that the solution in Cyprus must be sought at the negotiating table and within a mutually acceptable framework.
In a written statement he issued CTP leader Mehmet Ali Talat said that the dangers the party has been repeatedly talking about have escalated under the current critical conditions, and that the Nikiforos exercises are proof of that. He stressed that these exercises are significant not only in terms of their military and strategic aspect, but also in terms of their political meaning. Greece must realize that they are inviting countermeasures on the part of the Turkish Armed Forces, he added.
 EROGLU HEALTH IMPROVING, TO RESUME DUTIES NEXT WEEKAccording to illegal Bayrak Radio (1530 hours, 13/10/97), so-called prime minister Dervis Eroglu will return to his duties next week. His health is improving every day. He met a delegation from the Turkish Cypriot Teachers Union at his residence last Monday. Speaking to reporters after the meeting, he said: "God willing, I will chair the first Council of Ministers meeting to be held next week."
 ETKIN RETURNS FROM U.S., BRITAIN, COMMENTS ON CONTACTSAccording to illegal Bayrak Radio (1030 hours, 14/10/97) Taner Etkin, so- called foreign affairs and defense minister, concluded his contacts in the United States and Britain and returned to the occupied area yesterday. Etkin reported that during his contacts, which began in New York and continued in Washington and London, he recounted the recent developments concerning the Cyprus issue as well as the possible consequences of these developments. Noting that he delivered a speech at the Islamic countries foreign ministers meeting and met with the UN deputy secretaries general, as well as with Richard Holbrooke, U.S. President Clinton's special envoy for Cyprus, Etkin said that in Washington, he conferred with U.S. congressmen, State Department officials, and Thomas Miller, U.S. State Department special coordinator for Cyprus.
Explaining that he held contacts with British Foreign Office officials, Etkin added that these beneficial visits were aimed at enlightening the said countries and presenting the Turkish Cypriot stand.
Etkin declared that during his contacts, he firmly asserted that if in its December meeting, the EU Council of Ministers decides to proceed with the application of the Greek Cypriot side, the relevant measures will be taken in a timely manner and without hesitation in conjunction with Turkey. He added that he also stressed that the "TRNC" must be seen by the world as a "sovereign and independent country" and, given the existing facts, the "TRNC" must be recognized. He also said the Turkish Cypriot side will adopt a stand, take the necessary countermeasures, act in line with the existence of the "TRNC", and say that if talks are to be held they can be held between two "states."
 CUREL: GREEKS ARE PLAYING WITH FIREAccording to TRT (17.00 hours, 14/10/97), Doug Henderson, British minister of state responsible for EU affairs, visited State Minister Sukru Sina Gurel yesterday. In a statement after the meeting, Henderson said: ``If the Cyprus problem is resolved, Turkey´ s full membership in the EU will become easier.'' Gurel replied to reporters questions after the meeting.
``We still see the tendency to link the development of Turkey´s relations with the EU and the Cyprus issue. We tell those who are interested in this matter that there should be no link. It is our aim to develop our relations with the EU, but nobody should expect us to take certain steps regarding Cyprus in order to develop those relations,'' Gurel said.
Gurel stressed that any agreement in Cyprus must be based on the equality of the two communities. Replying to a question, Gurel said that Turkey will take all the additional military measures against the deployment of the S- 300 missiles in the island,and that it will not allow the issue to be used as a bargaining tool.
``The policy of creating tension is an extremely dangerous policy. They are playing with fire. They are doing something very dangerous,'' he claimed.
[B] COMMENTS AND EDITORIALS
 COLUMNIST: ANKARA, NOT DENKTASH IS RULING USColumnist Sener Levent in an article in AVRUPA (14.10.97 - Turkish Cypriot daily) strongly criticizes the Ankara government of being responsible for the poor conditions that the Turkish Cypriots are faced with today. He says: "The main responsibles for this country's present state of affairs (and everybody knows what kind of State of affairs is in) as far as we are concerned are Ankara, Denktash and all the past and present of North Cyprus governments.
However, if one establishes this fact, this in no way means that one will be acquitted from having any responsibility. That is nobody can get away with it by saying: 'the sole responsible for this state of affairs is Ankara or Denktash.' All of us are guilty. No one should think that I have come to this conclusion because there are no convicts put in jail because of their ideas. Unless we get rid of the illness of always putting the blame on others for the difficulties we face, we will not be able to notice the injustice we are committing.
In this country this is how they rocked the opposition.
Let me tell you.
Not blaming oneself maybe is an intellectual's illness. However, saying that the one who does not exactly share your own views is on the opposite camp, is nothing but having an inquisition mentality.
In fact, there is no difference between Denktash and the opposition regarding their behaviour.
Denktash brands those he does not like as 'traitors', and in turn the opposition brands those they do not like as Denktashists. This illness was more visible at a time when leftist ideas were first being introduced in our country. They were roaring and accusing everybody.
- Maoist! - Agent! - Trotskist! Who were roating to whom?
Leftists to leftists ....
Nothing has changed today. They have a fixed idea in their heads - Denktash is quilty. And for this reason they think that if Denktash goes, everything will become normal. This way they are unable to see that it is not Denktash who is ruling us but Ankara.
Just look at our opposition. If not all, at least its majority. Do they blame Denktash or Ankara? They say, Denktash and only Denktash. This stance does nothing but to alleviate the responsibilities of the Ankara governments in bringing our country to this situation.
Also the stance taken against Denktash by the opposition is not a sound and healthy stance. Because they made it their principle to oppose whatever Denktash says. Thus they have lost their credibility before the people. They are not aware of the fact that nothing will change in this country after Denktash's death if other things are not changed.
This way they have rocked and destroyed the opposition in this country. Even those who were their supporters. Since they are unable to stand against Ankara, they attack Denktash.
Although among themselves they complain that 'they are under Turkey's occupation', they are not courageous enough to write this in their newspapers. Instead of blaming themselves, they consider it a big deal to severely criticize the old leftist friends of ours, who are not with them anymore.
Let them do so ...
How many people extended a helping hand to these friends of ours who have for years struggled in the opposition front with great sacrifice and who were then condemned to destitution and hunger?
A respected leftist friend of mine, who has citrus groves in Morfu and a good pension as well as a good salary from a rightist 'establishment' that he is curently working at, asked me the following when, after seven years of exile, I returned home and met him in the street:
- You have come back?
- Yes, I have .
- Why did you come back?
- This is my country ....
- You should have stayed.
You should have stayed there, with those who took you there ..... It seems that this friend of mine was thinking that I have come back here to be accounted for.
How could he know that I have come back here to settle accounts?
Did he not think that he, too, had his share of responsibility while the country was being destroyed?
Holding Denktash the sole responsible for everything that is being done here is tantamount to accepting him as the president of an independent state. Whereas, I am sure, we are being ruled by the forty thousand troops on the island and Ankara".
 HOLBROOKE'S PROPOSALS ON CYPRUS SAID REJECTED BY TURKEYAccording to Yeni Yuzyil (14.10.97) the visit Richard Holbrooke, President Bill Clinton's Special Representative to Cyprus, has paid to Ankara has been overshadowed by the "tension" on the island. It has been ascertained that Holbrooke called for an "indefinite ban on military flights over Cyprus." A negative approach was adopted on his proposal that the Turkish officials agree to an indefinite ban on flights over Cyprus in return for missiles not being "transported" to the island, the paper writes.
Richard Holbrooke held talks with Deputy Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit, President Suleyman Demirel, Prime Minister Mesut Yilmaz, General Cevik Bir, second in command of the General Staff, Minister of Foreign Affairs Ismail Cem, and Minister of State Sukru Sina Gurel yesterday. Prior to his meeting with Yilmaz, he said: "This is not a negotiation trip because I will not visit Athens and Nicosia. I have arrived in Ankara to establish the Turkish Government's views. I have not arrived to submit a plan."
However, the Turkish diplomatic circles have not confirmed his statement and disclosed that talks have been held on a number of proposals. According to the diplomatic sources, the paper adds, he discussed the following:
Ban of flights: Overlooking the recent developments in Cyprus, Holbrooke proposed "an indefinite ban on flights over the island." It has been ascertained that the high-ranking Turkish Government officials informed him that "Turkey will definitely not agree to such a ban and that only Turkey has heeded the moratorium on flights during the military exercises thus far." The officials informed him that the ban will threaten the Turkish Cypriots' existence in Cyprus, the paper says.
S-300 missiles: It has been ascertained that Holbrooke tried to use the S- 300 missiles problem as a bargaining chip. He was informed that "all the necessary measures will be taken to obstruct the installment of missiles on the island."
Demilitarization in Cyprus: It also has been ascertained that Holbrooke defended the view that "the Turkish military presence in Cyprus has to end and an international peace force has to be deployed on the island for the sake of a peaceful solution." However, he was informed as follows: "The Turkish military presence guarantees the existence of the TRNC (Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus). It is aimed only at safeguarding the existence of the Turkish Cypriots on the island."
Kardak: Holbrooke reportedly focused on matters related to the Aegean Sea and stressed that Turkey should appeal to the International Court of Justice (ICJ) on the Kardak problem. He was informed that Turkey will not appeal to the ICJ and that "Greece should take action on the matter instead."
From the Republic of Cyprus Press and Information Office (PIO) Server at http://www.pio.gov.cy/