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Cyprus PIO: Turkish Cypriot Press and Other Media, 98-09-23

Cyprus Press and Information Office: Turkish Cypriot Press Review Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Republic of Cyprus Press and Information Office Server at <>


No. 175/98 -- 23.9.98


  • [01] Denktash proposes setting up ``property exchange committee''.
  • [02] German academicians in the occuiped area.
  • [03] Value of underworld economy in Turkey viewed.


    [01] Denktash proposes setting up ``property exchange committee''

    According to illegal Bayrak radio (10:30 hours, 22.9.98), Turkish Cypriot leader Rauf Denktash has proposed to the Cyprus Government to set up an independent and autonomous committee to deal with the exchange of property and compensation. Yesterday, Denktash met Ann Hercus, the UN Secretary General´s assistant special envoy, and conferred with her for about one hour. They discussed Denktash´s upcoming visit to New York and the meeting he will hold with UN Secretary General Kofi Annan. During the meeting , Denktash informed the United Nations of his proposal to set up an autonomous committee that will deal with the exchange of property.

    In a statement after the meeting, Denktash said that Hercus will attend the meeting he will hold with Kofi Annan, and that they discussed this issue in detail. Denktash pointed out that he informed Hercus of the views he would like conveyed to the UN Secretary General. He noted that they discussed once again the reasons for the confederation proposal and the reasons for the elimination of the federation proposal.

    Denktash claimed that the confederation proposal has been effective in that the world has started to think of what the real reason is behind the Cyprus problem. ``In the long run,'' he said, ``what we must do in the TRNC is to develop the internal order and the economy''. Denktash affirmed that Turkey is extending more aid with each passing day, that every sector is benefiting from the aid, and that infrastructure projects are advancing speedily. He added: ``The stronger we are and the more we are confident of our future, the sooner the Greek Cypriot leadership will realize that Cyprus does not belong to them only''.

    Dentkash called on the UN Security Council ``to act in connection with the basic issue of property exchange so that the Cyprus problem can be resolved''.

    He said: ``If the Greek Cypriots think of sharing authority with us in the future, we must resolve this basic problem quickly. We are in favour of establishing a common committee regarding this issue and of globally discussing the issue of property exchange and compensation.''

    Denktash said that once this is done, ``the Greek Cypriot refugees will realize that the Greek Cypriot leadership is lying to them when it promises to them that they will return to their lands.'' He added that the Greek Cypriots will also realize that an agreement can be reached only with a property exchange. He alleged: ``We do not want to deprive anyone from his property. On the contrary, we want everyone to have rights to his property through the property exchange process.''

    He said that a committee similar to the independent and autonomous missing persons committee can be set up to deal with the property exchange issue. The criteria for that, he said, can be determined by the two sides.

    Denktash said that he discussed this issue at his meeting with Ann Hercus, adding: ``If the Greek Cypriots intend to resolve the Cyprus problem, they should immediately accept this formula''.

    Replying to a question, Denktash said that he will not meet with President Clerides in New York. Denktash also said that he gave a file to Ann Hercus made up of ``evidence proving that the Greek Cypriots do not want a federation.''

    In a statement after the meeting, Ann Hercus said that it was held in connection with Denktash´s upcoming visit to New York. She added that the UN Secretary General invited her to the meeting and that she will attend. Replying to a question on the issue of the confederation, she said: ``I have nothing to add to what the secretary general has said on the issue.''

    [02] German academicians in the occupied area

    According to KIBRIS (23.9.98), fifteen German academicians from Munich University, who are currently in Turkey to discuss the recent tension in Turco-German relations and ways to relax this tension, will be visiting the occupied area.

    KIBRIS reports that the German academicians will meet with Denktash.

    Speaking to reporters, the Chairman of the Turkish Democracy foundation (MP), Bulent Akarcak, has said that the visit of the German academicians to the occupied area ``demonstrates the way they look into the Cyprus problem''. (MY)

    [03] Value of underworld economy in Turkey viewed

    A report in daily YENI YUZYIL (17.9.98) deals with the issue of the underworld or crime economy in Turkey and says: Laundered money is the most important part of the unregistered economy. Usury, trade in drugs, arms smuggling, bribery, and prostitution are the most important elements of the illegal economy. The extent of the underworld economy, also known as the ``crime economy'', is so great that it makes up half of Turkey´s $200- billion national income, or $100 billion. Some $7 billion of this comes from racketeering. According to the Security Directorate, the underground economy employs 23,000 people. Assuming that each one of them gets $1,000 per month, the underground economy spends $23 million per month. This means that the ``godfathers'' pay $276 million to their employees every year. Considering that the godfathers give 20 percent of their earnings to their employees, they earn $1.380 billion a year. According to tradition, the mafia clients, for their part, give one fifth of their earnings to the godfathers. This means that the clients´ earnings reach $7 billion. This shows the extent of the underground economy.

    Usury Source of Income (subhead)

    Usury is one of the most important elements of illegal economic activities. The operation volume of usury has reportedly dropped due to the various new dimensions introduced in money movement. According to some experts, usury is 20 percent of the total volume of the banking sector´s credits. That is, it is $7.5 billion against the banks 10quadrillion Turkish lira credit business.

    The drug trade is another important source of income for the underworld economy. Specialists say that the profits made from trade in drugs is $25 billion, including money in transit.

    Although there are various estimates regarding arms smuggling, experts agree that the volume of arms trading is at least $15 billion.

    Bribery is also one of the important elements of the crime economy. This economic crime, committed in the government offices, come to notice during the tenders and customs transactions. There are also cases of embezzlement, misappropriation, fraud, and pilfering. The estimated value of bribery stands at $15 billion.

    Every Type of Mafia (subhead)

    This illegal sector of the economy could be divided into three parts. The first is incidental mafia. Every citizen who caries out unregistered business is included in this class. This is the most startling aspect of the whole matter.

    The second is the mafia involving politics. One of the most important activities of this mafia, which is also called the calling card mafia, involves finding a job for the voter for free or in return for money, providing incentives, or showing partiality in granting a tender. The bribing of the squatters in shanty-towns is one of the services offered by this group. Some 11 amnesties have been granted to squatters in the last 40 years. This is seen as a sort of political bribe given to the 1.5 million squatters.

    The mafia involving money is the third and last type of its organizations. This mafia carries out activities in various spheres. Specialists say that the first thing to do is to look for the financiers of the politicians. BOT

    Volume of Underworld Economy (subhead)

    Activity	Estimated volume
    Usury		$  7.5 billion
    Trade in drugs	$ 25.5 billion
    Arms smuggling	$ 15   billion
    Bribery		$  5.  billion
    Racketeering	$  7.  billion
    Prostitution	$  5.  billion
    Other		$ 35   billion
    Total		$100   billion

    Criminal Activities have basic prices too (subhead)

    Crime						Price
    Threat and intimidation				25-50 million lira
    Collecting promissory notes			50 percent commission
    Firing on workplace and home			100-500 million lira
    Firing on the feet				150-600 million lira
    Securing a tender				50 percent commission
    Kidnapping					400 million - 1 billion lira
    Killing by firing				750 million - 3 billion lira
    Killing after kidnapping and questioning	1-10 billion lira


    Forty-One Mafia Activities (subhead)

    1. Tenders mafia - controls tenders offered by the state.
    2. Municipal markets and bazaars mafia- determines the prices.
    3. Real estate mafia - controls lands sold at the vacation sites.
    4. Business follow up mafia-obtains licenses.
    5. Usury mafia - collects protection money from usurers.
    6. Auto parking mafia - has a monopoly in the streets.
    7. Visa mafia - obtains visas from consulates in return for money.
    8. Credit mafia - takes a share from credits.
    9. Services mafia - poses a threat to schools by taking them under their monopoly.
    10. Construction mafia - controls the building construction.
    11. Shanty-Town mafia - sells the Treasury´s lands.
    12. Kebab, fish, cracker mafia - no one can engage in street vending without getting this mafia´s permission.
    13. Executive mafia - controls sale of goods.
    14. Customs mafia - it is into every fraud.
    15. Parking lots - collects money at entrance and exit.
    16. Phony bill mafia - responsible for preparing phony bills.
    17. Fictitious export mafia - controls trade.
    18. Promissory notes and check mafia - collects noncollectable receivables into cash in return for commission.
    19. Mafia for marketing stolen goods - sells goods in illegal ways.
    20. Prostitution mafia - collects protection money from brothels.
    21. Drugs mafia- conducts organized work with foreigners.
    22. Car-Towing mafia - controls the market.
    23. Entertainment mafia - collects protection money from establishments.
    24. Organs mafia-markets human organs and is active internationally.
    25. Water mafia - has the initiative for establishing purification plants.
    26. Music mafia - produces and markets pirate tapes.
    27. Books mafia - prints pirate copies of books with high circulation.
    28. Telecommunications mafia - the transfer and sale of the telecommunication lines is under its monopoly.
    29. Drugs prescription mafia - issues phony prescriptions and markets medicines.
    30. Ticket and telephone slug mafia - collects protection money from distributors.
    31. Plate number mafia - prepares and sells phony plate numbers.
    32. Medicine mafia - markets forbidden drugs without obtaining prescriptions.
    33. Beggars mafia - forces children to beg.
    34. Bakeries mafia - threatens bakers who sell bread for cheaper prices.
    35. Coal mafia - sells illegally produced coal.
    36. Gamblers mafia - monitors gambling at the coffee houses.
    37. Porters mafia - takes protection money from porters.
    38. Doormen mafia - sells doormen´s positions.
    39. Street vendors mafia - no one can display goods without permission from this mafia.
    40. Public-Reading-House mafia - takes commission from them.
    41. Refugee mafia - helps refugees cross the border in return for money.

    From the Republic of Cyprus Press and Information Office (PIO) Server at

    Cyprus Press and Information Office: Turkish Cypriot Press Review Directory - Previous Article - Next Article
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