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European Commission Spokesman's Briefing for 99-03-22

Midday Express: News from the EU Commission Spokesman's Briefings Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: EUROPA, the European Commission Server at <http://europa.eu.int>

MIDDAY EXPRESS

News from the Spokesman's midday briefing

Nouvelles du rendez-vous de midi du Porte-Paroleb

22/03/99


CONTENTS / CONTENU

  • [01] Rapport relatif à l'importance économique des mesures dans le domaine de la santé et de la sécurité
  • [02] Former Yugoslavia : Commission clears humanitarian aid worth euro 69 million
  • [03] Soudan : la Commission approuve l'octroi d'une aide humanitaire d'un montant de 13,5 millions d'euros
  • [04] Scientists are uncertain on consequences of BST-usage in dairy cows for public health

  • [01] Rapport relatif à l'importance économique des mesures dans le domaine de la santé et de la sécurité

    Un nouveau rapport de l'Agence européenne pour la santé et la sécurité au travail donne un premier aperçu global sur la manière dont les instruments économiques peuvent améliorer la santé et la sécurité au travail dans les Etats membres de l'Union européenne. M. Padraig Flynn, Commissaire européen chargé de l'Emploi et des Affaires sociales, a déclaré que ce rapport fournirait une meilleure appréciation sur la manière dont les considérations économiques sont prises en compte dans l'élaboration de la politique de santé et de sécurité au sein des Etats membres. "Je suis persuadé que l'argument en faveur de meilleures normes de santé et de sécurité sur le lieu de travail sera renforcé si les décideurs sont mieux informés des coûts réellement engendrés par l'insuffisance de telles normes et sur la manière dont il est possible de réduire les coûts en question", a- t-il ajouté.

    [02] Former Yugoslavia : Commission clears humanitarian aid worth euro 69 million

    The European Commission has cleared a package of humanitarian aid worth euro 69 million for victims of conflict in Former Yugoslavia. The aid, managed by the European Community Humanitarian Office (ECHO), was approved unanimously by Member States at their last Humanitarian Aid Committee. It will enable international humanitarian organisations and non-governmental organisations to carry out programmes over the coming year. The bulk of the money is earmarked for Bosnia and Herzegovina (euro 56.5 million). The balance is split between the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY) (euro 7.6 million) and Croatia (euro 5 million). Humanitarian aid for victims of the crisis in Kosovo is being managed in separate decisions.

    [03] Soudan : la Commission approuve l'octroi d'une aide humanitaire d'un montant de 13,5 millions d'euros

    La Commission européenne a approuvé un ensemble d'actions d'aide humanitaire d'un montant de 13,5 millions d'euros en faveur des victimes du conflit au Soudan. L'aide, gérée par l'Office humanitaire de la Communauté européenne (ECHO), assurera le soutien de quelque 30 programmes (santé, eau, sécurité alimentaire) au cours de l'année prochaine. Pratiquement tous ces programmes sont placés sous les auspices de l'opération "Survie au Soudan", le cadre des Nations Unies assurant une aide aux victimes de la guerre dans ce pays.

    [04] Scientists are uncertain on consequences of BST-usage in dairy cows for public health

    One week after scientists of the European Union (EU) stated in their opinion that bovine somatotrophin (BST) should not be used in dairy cows on animal welfare grounds, a second scientific opinion hints at potential risks of BST on public health. BST is a synthetic, genetically engineered substance based on a cow's naturally occurring growth hormone. It is injected into dairy cows usually every two weeks to increase milk production. In its report of 15/16 March the Scientific Committee on Veterinary Measures relating to Public Health points out that the use of BST in dairy cows does not lead to a residue problem in the animal's body but could increase Insuline Growth Factor I (IGF-I) levels in milk. IGF-I is a cellular growth factor which exerts a broad variety of physiological functions. Recently, epidemiological studies indicated that IGF-I is associated with an increased relative risk of breast and prostate cancer. However, further research to specify the role of IGF-I in cancer development is needed. In addition, the amount of IGF-I in milk of treated cows is not known at present. The independent scientists refer also to potential secondary risks of the use of BST, such as an increase in allergic reactions and to an increased use of antimicrobial substances, as a consequence of the treatment of BST related mastitis (infection of the udder). The latter might result in residue formation in milk and in the selection of resistant bacteria. An EU moratorium prohibiting the marketing and use of BST expires on 31 December 1999. The two scientific reports will provide an essential basis for the review of this prohibition. The report will shortly be available on the website under the following address : http//europa.eu.int/comm/dg24/health/scv/ outcome_en.html.

    MIDDAY EXPRESS


    From EUROPA, the European Commission Server at http://europa.eu.int/
    © ECSC - EC - EAEC, Brussels-Luxembourg, 1995, 1996


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