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Anadolu Agency: News in English, 99-01-05
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From: The Anadolu Agency Home Page at <http://www.anadoluajansi.gov.tr/>
05 JAN 1999
 TURKEY-PRESS SCANThese are some of the major headlines and their brief stories in Turkey's press on Jan 5, 1998. The Anadolu Agency does not verify these stories and does not vouch for their accuracy.
HURRIYET (LIBERAL) BUSY DAYS IN ANKARA
SUKUR LEAVES FOR ITALY
MILLIYET (LIBERAL)STATEMENT OF GENERAL STAFF
General Staff issued a statement saying that the attitude of some people as if they were the spokesmen of the Turkish Armed Forces, and their claims that the army supports their ideas, do not comply with the moral values. ''TSK states its ideas and evaluations when required. To this end, it does not need a mediator,'' it added. Noting that a government has to be formed immediately for stability in the country, the General Staff said that ''there is no divergence of opinion among generals concerning the struggle with fundamentalism.''
ADANA COULD NOT BE RESCUED
SABAH (LIBERAL)IT IS ECEVIT AGAIN
While Yalım Erez, the Prime Minister-Designate was expected to meet with Recai Kutan, the leader of the Virtue Party, Tansu Ciller, the leader of the True Path Party (DYP) suddenly visited Bulent Ecevit, the leader of the Democratic Left Party (DSP) and requested him to form the government. Ecevit thanked for her proposal, but he warned saying that it is President Demirel who will decide on this issue. Ciller also met with Mesut Yılmaz, the leader of the Motherland Party (ANAP) who also supported the proposal of Ciller. Kutan, the leader of the Virtue Party (FP) and Deniz Baykal, the leader of the Republican People's Party (CHP) does not support Ciller, but she said ''the government which will get the vote of confidence will be formed within one or two days.''
CUMHURIYET (LEFT)GENERAL STAFF:''THEY CAN'T DIVIDE ARMED FORCES''
The General Staff reacted harshly to the accusations of several retired generals by some religious broadcasts and it issued a message saying that the Turkish Armed Forces is determined to struggle with fundamentalist and separatist movements.
RADIKAL (LEFT)40 FOXES IN ANKARA
As every ane expected Yalim Erez, the Prime Minister-Designate, to complete the last talks within the framework of formation of the new government, Tansu Ciller, the Leader of the True Path Party (DYP), offered to form a minority government under the prime ministry of Bulent Ecevit, the Leader of the Democratic Lerft Party (DSP). Ecevit and Mesut Yilmaz, the Leader of the Motherland Party (ANAP) have admitted Ciller's proposal.
HAKAN SUKUR LEAVES FOR TORINO
YENİ YÜZYIL (LIBERAL)TASDELEN RESIGNS FROM CHP
Dogan Tasdelen, the Mayor of Cankaya District of Ankara, resigned from the Republican Peoples' Party (CHP). Tasdelen said, ''Deniz Baykal, the Leader of the CHP, acted irresponsibly by toppling the government without thinking of the possibilities to form a new government and such an action made the political party leaders bargain with the Virtue Party (FP) in the process of formation of a new government. It also let to the revival of Tansu Ciller, the leader of the True Path Party (DYP).''
THE NSC TAKES MEASURES AGAINST MIGRATION
TÜRKİYE (RIGHT)CILLER'S COUNTER-ATTACK
Tansu Ciller, the Leader of the True Path Party (DYP), stressed that the DYP will support the minority government that will be formed under the prime ministry of Bulent Ecevit, the Leader of the Democratic Left Party (DSP). Ciller also noted, ''Turkey needs reconciliation and DYP has produced the solution which will carry Turkey to the general elections in April.''
HARSH WARNING FROM THE TURKISH ARMED FORCES
ZAMAN (CONSERVATIVE)SURPRISE FROM CILLER
While Yalım Erez, the Prime Minister-Designate tries to form a government, Tansu Ciller, the leader of the True Path Party (DYP) proposed prime ministry to Bulent Ecevit, the leader of the Democratic Left Party (DSP). Ciller gave green light to Ecevit and Prime Minister Mesut Yılmaz, who is also the leader of the Motherland Party (ANAP). Now the eyes are on President Suleyman Demirel.
 PRIME MINISTER YILMAZ: ''MR PRESIDENT SAYS THAT HIS ASSIGNMENT CONTINUES AND IF NO RESULT IS TAKEN FROM THAT, HE WILL CONSIDER THE ISSUE AGAIN''ANKARA, Jan 5 (A.A) - Prime Minister Mesut Yılmaz said on Monday that President Suleyman Demirel told him that his assignment of Yalım Erez to form the government continues, but if a result is not taken from the assignment, then he will consider the issue again.
Responding to questions, Yılmaz said that ''President Demirel told me that he assigned Yalım Erez to form the government now and if Erez returns back the mandate, he will evaluate the new alternatives.''
Yılmaz added that he did not meet with Yalım Erez on Monday, but he will meet with him on Tuesday.
 ECEVIT, THE DSP LEADER: ''NO BODY CAN EXPECT ME TO REJECT A PROPOSAL OF MY OWN''ANKARA, Jan 5 (A.A) - Bulent Ecevit, the leader of the Democratic Left Party (DSP) and Deputy Prime Minister said on Monday that Prime Minister Mesut Yılmaz, the leader of the Motherland Party (ANAP) also extends support to the proposal offered by Tansu Ciller, the leader of the True Path Party (DYP) the same day, adding ''nobody can expect me to reject a proposal of my own.''
Responding to questions of journalists about the government model proposed by Ciller, Ecevit recalled that the proposal brought by Ciller is in fact his own proposal.
''When I was assigned to form the government, I proposed three government models, one of them was a coalition among parties, the other one was a minority government supported from outside and the last one was reinforced minority government. One of them seems to be accepted by Tansu Ciller at the moment. In fact the proposal in question is a government model proposed by me weeks ago,'' said Ecevit.
''As Mesut Yılmaz also supports Ciller's proposal, the majority in the parliament to form the government is met, thus there is no problem of vote of confidence. Yalım Erez has been assigned to form the government now and I don't know what he thinks at the moment. In fact it is President Suleyman Demirel who will decide on this issue and we will see that in few days,'' said Ecevit.
Responding to another question about the evaluation that has been made by Deniz Baykal, the leader of the Republican People's Party (CHP) who said that ''ANAP and DSP left Yalım Erez alone after the proposal of Ciller,'' Ecevit said Erez is a valuable politician and a statesman.
 US STATE DEPARTMENT DO NOT COMMENT ON THE APPLICATION OF ''LEAHY LAW'' AGAINST TURKEYWASHINGTON, Jan 5 (A.A) - The U.S. State Department refrained from commenting on whether or not the ''Leahy Law'' would be applied to Turkey in the selling of weapons and security materials in the future, it is reported on Monday.
James Rubin, State Department Spokesman, said that he cannot respond a question based on a hypothesis of whether or not this law will be applied in the future sellings.
''Leahy law'' enacted in 1996 prohibits US funds from aiding units of foreign security forces that have been involved in human rights abuses.
The US State Department prevented the aiding of American Eximbank to Turkey by providing funds to purchase some 140 armoured vehicles, putting forth the human rights violations.
General Dynamics Corp., productive firm, provided the fund and the problem was solved.
Rubin said that they complied with the laws because they felt uneasy for the ''violations'' of human rights.
Responding a question on the interview of Abdullah Ocalan, the chief of the separatist terrorist organization, by the America's Voice Radio, a state institution, Rubin said that the journalists working for this institution were ''free'' to do what they want.
Rubin added that the radio reflected its comments on the perspectives of the US government and that the journalists working for this institution had a right to provide news.
 PRESIDENT DEMIREL'S ''GET WELL SOON'' MESSAGE TO PAKISTANI PRIME MINISTER SHARIFANKARA, Jan 5 (A.A) - President Suleyman Demirel sent on Monday a ''get well soon'' message to Pakistani Prime Minister Mohammed Nawaz Sharif who was targeted by assassins detonating a bomb on a route he was to take later on Sunday.
The Presidential Press Center quoted Demirel as saying, ''I have learned the assasination attempt targeting you with a deep concern, but I am pleased that such an attempt did not reach its terrible aim.''
Demirel expressed condolences for the families of those who were killed at the bomb attack, and condemned all terrorist actions claiming innocent lives.
Three people were killed and one police officer was injured on Sunday when a powerful bomb exploded on a road that Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif normally takes to visit his parents at his farmhouse near Lahore, capital of Punjab province.
 THE COUNCIL OF STATE REJECTS ERDOGAN'S APPLICATION FOR THE AMENDMENT OF THE FORMER COURT DECISIONANKARA, Jan 5 (A.A) - The Council of State rejected on Tuesday the application of Recep Tayyip Erdogan, Istanbul Mayor, for amending the decision of the former court which foresaw the deprival of Erdogan of his post as Istanbul Mayor.
Thus, the legal process of the deprival of Erdogan's post as Istanbul Mayor is completed.
Erdogan was sentenced to ten-month imprisonment on charges of provocating people to hatred and emnity by discriminating among people in respect of class, racial, religious and regional differences.
Erdogan is expected to be imprisoned in the coming days.
 ONE OUT OF EVERY FOUR ELECTORS ARE MEMBERS OF A POLITICAL PARTY IN TURKEYANKARA, Jan 5 (A.A) - One out of every four electors are members of a political party in Turkey, it is reported on Tuesday.
Thirty six political parties carry out activities in Turkey and the number of members of these political parties that is notified to the Supreme Court of Appeals Chief Prosecution is totally 9,893,668.
When one takes into account the fact that nearly 36 million people will cast votes during the general and local elections that will be held on April 18, it is clearly seen that one out of every four electors, in other words 15 percent of the population are members of political parties.
The Virtue Party (FP) has not notified its members to Chief Prosecution of the Supreme Court of Appeals since its foundation.
The big political parties and their members are listed above:
''True Path Party (DYP) has 3,737,128 members, the Motherland Party (ANAP) has 3,293,540 members, the Republican People's Party (CHP) has 1,833,975 members, the National Movement Party (MHP) has 486,399 members, Democratic Turkey Party (DTP) has 232,424 members and the Democratic Left Party (DSP) has 205,649 members.''
 GERMANY, THE COUNTRY WHERE 2.1 MILLION TURKISH PEOPLE LIVEISTANBUL/KADIKOY, Jan 5 (A.A) - Germany is the country where 2.1 million Turkish people live, it is reported on Monday.
Officials of the Foreign Ministry Directorate General for Turkish People Living Abroad told A.A correspondent that Turkish people who left Turkey for Germany starting from 1960s are settled in this country.
Turkish people constitute the biggest foreign group in Germany in fact they compose 2.3 percent of the German population and Turkish is the most spoken foreign language.
It is estimated that the Turkish population will exceed 2.5 million in 2010 in Germany as nearly 45,000 Turkish children are born in Germany every year.
Turkish people come again the first among foreigners who seek for asylum in Germany; between 1992-1997 the number of Turkish people who took asylum in Germany is 132,717.
Meanwhile the number of Turkish employers in Germany is also increasing. The number of offices belonging to Turkish employers which was 33,000 in 1990, increased to 47,000 in 1997.
Turkish people who act in 100 separate business fields provide employment for 160,000 people, their annual endorsement is 34 billion German marks and their annual investment volume is 9.5 billion German marks.
 AVALANCHE IN KAHRAMANMARAS - ONE PERSON DIES, FIVE OTHERS LOSTKAHRAMANMARAS, Jan 5 (A.A) - One person died and five others got lost at the avalanche overnight in Akpinar Region in Ambarli Village in Ekinozu County of Kahramanmaras Province, it was reported on Tuesday.
Responding to questions of the A.A correspondent, Saim Cotur, the Governor of Kahramanmaras, stressed that Hasan Yildiz (aged 28) was killed at the avalanche.
Siho Karaca, Seyho Coban and Okkes Kisa who were trapped under the avalanche, have been rescued.
They were taken to Ekinozu Health Center for medical treatment.
Meanwhile rescue activities continue to find Ali Dogan, Resul Dogan, Suleyman Kisacik, Erhan Soner and Hasan Dogan who are still missing following the avalanche.
 DEMIR, SILOPI HEAD OFFICIAL: ''DIESEL OIL TRADE WITH NORTHERN IRAQ WILL REVIVE NEXT WEEK''DIYARBAKIR, Jan 5 (A.A) - Mustafa Demir, head official of southeastern Silopi county, said on Tuesday that the diesel oil trade with Northern Iraq would revive next week.
In his statement to A.A correspondent, Demir said that Habur Border, which was closed unilaterally by Turkey as a security measure taken against the air strike held against Iraq by the US and Britain, was re-opened to diesel oil trade on December 31,1998.
Stressing that the meeting with the local officials in Northern Iraq was positive and that the people in Northern Iraq started to give the diesel oil to Turkey, Demir noted that 300 vehicles were sent to the region every day within the framework of the trade.
Demir said, ''the Northern Iraqi officials said that they can give the diesel oil to the lorry drivers. We let the transition of the lorries as of December 31,1998. A total of 300 lorries make the diesel oil today. The number of vehicles making diesel oil trade will increase to a thousand by next week as Iraq starts to give diesel oil to Northern Iraq. Thus, diesel oil trade will revive next week.''
 MEVLANA EXHIBITION IN THE NETHERLANDSAMSTERDAM, Jan 5 (A.A) - An exhibition composed of the pictures of Mevlana Celaleddin Rumi, one of the leading Turkish philosophers, opened on Tuesday in Amsterdam, the capital of the Netherlands.
Pictures of Mevlana drawn by several Turkish artists, take place in the exhibition organized by the Westerpark Turkish Association.
Addressing the opening ceremony, Veyis Gungor, the Chairman of the Association, stressed that the exhibition will contribute to the promotion of the Turkish culture to the world.
Gungor noted that understanding Mevlana's point of view will help people to overcome all difficulties surrounding them in daily life.
Two separate meetings regarded with the life of Mevlana and the Turkish Sufism will be held in coming days within the scope of the exhibition.
 HAZELNUT EXPORTS - 443.6 MILLION US DOLLARS OF HAZELNUTS EXPORTED SINCE SEPTEMBERGIRESUN, Jan 5 (A.A) - Turkey obtained 443 million 585 thousand US dollars from her exports of hazelnuts since September, which is the first month of the 1998-1999 export year, it was reported on Tuesday.
Officials at the Black Sea Union of Hazelnut Exporters told the A.A correspondent that Turkey exported 108.6 thousand tonnes of hazelnuts within four months.
Turkey exported hazelnuts mainly to the European countries.
Turkey exported 117.9 thousand tonnes of hazelnuts and obtained an income of 536 million 204 thousand US dollars in the same period last year.
 TURKEY-STOCK EXCHANGE - IMKB FIRST SESSION - NATIONAL-100 INDEX RISES TO 2,775.23 WITH AN INCREASE OF 16.87 POINTSISTANBUL, Jan 5 (A.A) - The Istanbul Stock Exchange (IMKB) National-100 Index in the first session increased 16.87 points to 2,775.23 and shares gained 0.61 percent in value compared with prices at the close of Monday's second session, it was reported on Tuesday.
At the close of the first session, the financial index increased 11.98 points to 3,465.57, the industrial index rose 10.87 points to 2,045.51 and the services index climbed 56.59 points to 4,138.21.
The financial shares gained 0.35 percent in value, the industrial shares gained 0.53 percent in value and the services shares gained 1.39 percent in value compared with Monday's second session close.
A total of 117 of the 283 shares gained in value, 101 shares lost in value while the prices of 65 shares didn't change.
The trading volume in the morning session was 51.1 trillion Turkish Liras.
 THE COUNCIL OF STATE RATIFIES CONSTRUCTION OF YALOVA POWER PLANT - THE PLANT TO PRODUCE 2.3 BILLION KWH ENERGY A YEARANKARA, Jan 5 (A.A) - The Council of State ratified the construction of Yalova Power Plant, which will be realized in Build-Operate-Transfer (BOT) model, it is reported on Tuesday.
The power plant to be constructed by Ak-Energy firm in three years will produce 2.3 billion kilowatts of enery when it is completed.
It is also reported that Yalova Power Plant can use double fuel. Thus, in case it is difficult to allocate natural gas for the plant, naphta can be used as the raw material.
The energy produced in the plant will be sold to TEAS, Turkish Electricity Incorp, at a price of 4,365 cent-kwh when natural gas is used as the raw material and at a price of 4,878 cent-kwh when nafta is the raw material.
The power plant will be transferred to Energy and Natural Resources Ministry after 20 years within the framework of the agreement.
 RUSSEL, THE SPOKESWOMAN OF THE UN PEACE FORCE ON CYPRUS, TAKES OVER HER POSTLEFKOSA, Jan 5 (A.A) - Sarah Russel, the new spokeswoman of the United Nations (UN) Peace Force on Cyprus, took over her new post from Paul Kolken, Dutch Major on Tuesday.
Kolken was carrying out the post on behalf of Russel.
Russel was working as the Public Affairs Official of the UN Peace Force in Afghanistan before she was appointed as the UN Peace Force spokeswoman on Cyprus in October,1998.
 INTERNATIONAL TENDER FROM THE IZSUANKARA, Jan 5 (A.A) - The Directorate General of the Water and Sewer System Administration of the Izmir Municipality (IZSU) put out the contruction of the Degirmendere Dam and its facilities to tender in order to contribute Izmir's drinking water supply, it was reported on Tuesday.
The dam is expected to be constructed within 30 months.
The investment value of the dam is determined as 5 trillion 520 billion Turkish Liras and its provisional warrant as 5 billion 520 million Turkish Liras.
Proposals will be accepted by the IZSU's Branch in Yesilyurt District of Izmir until February 26, 1999.
 A TOTAL OF 40 ILLEGAL IMMIGRANTS CAPTURED IN ISTANBULISTANBUL, Jan 5 (A.A) - Security officials captured on Tuesday a total of 40 Pakistanis in Istanbul who were trying to proceed to Italy illegally.
Security officials stopped a minibus for a control in Beyazit District of Istanbul, and captured the Pakistanis who entered Turkey via Iran and planned to proceed to Italy.
They were later taken into custody for violating the Turkish borders and the passport law.
Officials said that the Pakistanis will be deported once the legal proceedings are completed.
 TREASURY SELLS 401 TRILLION LIRAS TWO-YEAR BONDSANKARA, Jan 5 (A.A) - The Treasury sold on Tuesday a total of 417 trillion 753 billion Turkish Liras (TL) nominal-valued two-year bonds while the offer had been 750.4 trillion TL.
The net sale in the tender was 400 trillion 980 billion TL. Also, a total of 71 trillion TL bonds were sold to public institutions over the interest.
The annual simple interest rate became 92.58 percent while the annual composite interest rate became 129.98 percent.
 CASH ADMINISTRATION OF TREASURYANKARA, Jan 5 (A.A) - The Treasury Undersecretariat announced on Tuesday that a total of 1 quadrillion 7 trillion Turkish Liras (TL) income was collected in December 1998.
Treasury announced the temporary results of the Cash Administration and Borrowing Programme for December 1998.
Treasury issued a written statement saying that the spendings excluding interest in December 1998 was 1 quadrillion 135.4 trillion TL; a total of 494 trillion TL interest was paid and the deficit excluding interest was 128.2 trillion TL.
Thus the deficit in the Treasury's cash balance became 622.3 trillion TL.
Meanwhile, in December 1998, a total of 771.8 trillion TL was paid in principal composed of 315.4 trillion TL foreign debt and 456.4 trillion TL domestic borrowing.
Treasury gained 6 quadrillion 328.3 trillion TL in revenues between July- December period, the second half of 1998.
In the second half of 1998, the expenditures reached 5 quadrillion 86.1 trillion TL excluding interest, the total interest payment was 2 quadrillion 890.4 trillion TL and the surplus excluding interest became 1 quadrillion 242.3 trillion TL.
Treasury, in the same period, paid a total of 4 quadrillion 395.6 trillion TL principal payment composed of 1 quadrillion 254.9 trillion TL foreign debt and 3 quadrillion 140.7 trillion TL domestic borrowing.
Treasury's borrowing from the markets in the second half of 1998 within the context of the announced programmes are as follows:
Month LOWER LIMIT UPPER LIMIT REALIZATION
(trillion TL) (trillion TL) (trillion TL)
---------- ---------- ----------- --------------
August 600 1.200 829
September 750 1.350 1.029
July-Sept 1.950 3.600 2.756
Nov 620 920 834
Dec 750 1.250 1.088
Oct-Dec 1.370 2.370 2.069
 YILMAZ ADDRESSES ANAP PARTY GROUP MEETINGANKARA, Jan 5 (A.A) - Mesut Yilmaz, Prime Minister and leader of the Motherland Party (ANAP), said on Tuesday that ''Yalim Erez, Prime Minister- Designate should intensify his contacts soon and see if he can get an outcome or not, and should decide according to this.''
Addressing his party group meeting, Yilmaz said Erez put forward several conditions regarding the government he will form so that it is becoming harder for him to get an outcome from his efforts.
Yilmaz also said it was a positive development that Tansu Ciller, leader of True Path Party (DYP), seeks for a compromise adding that a government should be formed in Turkey soon.
Yilmaz said Erez should speed up his contacts to this end and pointed out that ''Erez should use a more cautious language about his contacts. He should install more positive agreement with the parties before using statements which binds the parties. Erez also should intensify his contacts and see if he can get an outcome or not.''
 ANADOLU AJANSI RECEIVES ''PRESS AWARD''ISTANBUL, Jan 5 (A.A) - The Turkish Journalists' Association (TGC) announced on Tuesday the winners of the ''Turkish Journalism Accomplishment Awards for 1998''.
Anadolu Ajansi (A.A) was entitled with this award in the press category with its research on ''Republic and Ataturk''.
TGC issued a written statement that a total of 36 journalists from 15 mass- media organizations were awarded in the categories of press, television and radio.
The winners will receive their rewards on 9 January with a ceremony to be held at the Ataturk Culture in Istanbul.
 ATES, LAND FORCES COMMANDER: ''OUR COUNTRY NEEDS INTERNAL STABILITY MORE THAN ANY TIME''KAYSERI, Jan 5 (A.A) - Atilla Ates, Land Forces Commander, said on Tuesday that the country needs internal stability more than any time.
Ates, who arrived in Kayseri, speaking to soldiers said ''I come here to congradulate you due to your efforts expended in the struggle against the separatist terrorist organization, which was revealed to be supported by several foreign forces and our neighbours.''
Stating that Turkish soldiers and citizens still continue to become martyrs to preserve Turkish territories, Ates said that ''some states whom we know as friends and accept as civilized, and some states who make enmity against Turkey an aspect of their policy, supported terrorism in our country ignoring international law and disregarding the fact that terrorism has been accepted as a crime against humanity, and thus they tried to spoil the unity of the country.''
Ates said several external forces aimed at reviving the mentality of crusaders and split up our country, adding that ''this sick mentality today showed up as the terrorist and separatist movements and unfortunately as fundamentalism. The promoter and supporter of these understandings, is this mentality. Behind these, there are some forces which will benefit from destroying secular Turkish Republic. Those people who tried every initiative to divide our country should know one thing for sure. That is, even if there are some treators among us, Turkish nation is aware of all of these ugly games.''
''Preservation of unity and integrity became very important against domestic and foreign threats for the continuation of our state. No other idea can be more important than our national interests,'' he said.
 TURKEY'S EXPORTS INCREASE 2.2 PERCENT IN 1998ISTANBUL, Jan 5 (A.A) - Turkey's exports in 1998 increased 2.2 percent to 28.1 billion US dollars, it was reported on Tuesday.
According to the data of the Turkish Exporters' Assembly (TIM), only five sectors' exports increased while the exports from 14 sectors decreased in 1998.
The ready-to-wear sector preserved its first rank with its exports worth 7.7 billion US dollars equal to 27.6 percent share in Turkey's total exports.
The export amounts of sectors in 1997 and 1998 and their differences according to the TIM records are as follows:
-SECTORS OF WHICH EXPORTS INCREASED
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