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Anadolu Agency: News in English, 99-01-15
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From: The Anadolu Agency Home Page at <http://www.anadoluajansi.gov.tr/>
15 January 1999 Friday
 CHIEF OF GENERAL STAFF RETURNS TO TURKEY CONCLUDING CONTACTS IN BULGARIAANKARA, Jan 15 (A.A) - Huseyin Kivrikoglu, Chief of General Staff, returned to Turkey on Thursday concluding his official visit to Bulgaria. His contacts focused on including Bulgaria to NATO member countries, activities of Partnership for Peace and Southeastern Europe Multi-National Peace Force, and on issues concerning the two countries.
General Staff General Secretariat issued a statement concerning Kivrikoglu's visit to Bulgaria and said Chief of General Staff visited Bulgaria between Jan 12 and 14 as the official guest of Miho Mihov, Bulgarian Chief of General Staff.
Kivrikoglu, during his visit, held bilateral talks with Peter Stoyanov, Bulgarian President, Yordan Georgiev, Bulgarian Parliament Speaker, Miho Mihov, his Bulgarian counterpart and with several high ranking officials.
The statement said the sides exchanged views about the activities within the context of bilateral relations of Turkish and Bulgarian armed forces basing on military training cooperation principles and within the framework of preservation of regional peace and stability.
The statement expressed belief that such visits, which take place reciprocally every year, contribute a lot to positive relations and cooperation between the two countries and that it will form the base of friendship that will increase in the future.
 SLIGHT QUAKE SHAKES SOUTHERN ADANA PROVINCEADANA, Jan 15 (A.A) - A slight quake shook southern Adana province and its surroundings on Friday. There are no reported casualities or wounded ones in the quake.
The quake, measuring 4.2 on the Richter Scale, shook Adana at 04:04 a.m. The epicenter of the tremor was Ceyhan county of Adana province. The tremor was also felt in Hatay province.
A small financial damage has been recorded in the quake.
 ECEVIT, PRIME MINISTER: ''THERE IS NO POSSIBILITY OF RETURNING FROM APRIL 18''ANKARA, Jan 15 (A.A) - Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit said on Thursday that if elections take place in time in Turkey, there will be time to improve relations with the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and other international financial institutions adding that ''there is no possibility of returning from April 18.''
Responding to the questions of reporters regarding the convening of so- called ''kurdish parliament in exile'' in Spain, Ecevit said ''I am informed about the issue. Yet, I don't think Spain will enable this meeting.''
When recalled the news reports saying that Turkey would get Patriot missiles from the US, Ecevit said ''I hope the US will welcome this need of Turkey. Deployment of such a missile in Turkey, which is one of the most sensitive regions of the world, is important for Turkey and its allies.''
When recalled the statement of Martin Hardy, Chief of IMF Turkey Desk, that an early election in Turkey will be an obstacle in front of a Standby Agreement, Ecevit said ''If Turkey has a long time till elections, it will also have time to further improve relations with the IMF and other international financial institutions. Yet, there is no possibility of returning from April 18.''
Responding to a question if they will be insistent on a Standby Agreement with the IMF despite the early elections, Ecevit said ''we attribute importance to foreign economic relations. We will evaluate any possible opportunity. We expended every kind of effort to rescue Turkey economically before the IMF and will continue to do so.''
Ecevit said, ''we are covering the economic situation. We make preparations for the government program talks that will take place in the Parliament on Friday.''
 TURKEY-PRESS SCANThese are some of the major headlines and their brief stories in Turkey's press on Jan 15, 1999. The Anadolu Agency does not verify these stories and does not vouch for their accuracy.
HURRIYET (LIBERAL)SNOW IS COMING
Directorate of Meteorology said temperatures which are above the normal season conditions, will decrease 10 or 15 decrees celsius as of Friday. Cold and rainy weather in western regions and snow in northern and eastern regions is expected.
TURKISH WAR PLANE IN GREEK ISLAND
MILLIYET (LIBERAL)PROSECUTORS REACT AGAINST LAW
Most of the 23,000 people, who were involved in the gangs in Turkey, are free. Prosecutors said ''Turkish Penal Code does not include the Article related with organized crime. The draft law is in the Parliament for three years. We have to implement Article 313 of the Constitution. The defendant is released as we can not find a penalty for that crime. Releases in Susurluk case were estimated as laundering but this revealed the inadequacy of the law.
AN ALLIANCE IS SEARCHED
SABAH (LIBERAL)LANCET TO CRISIS
Bulent Ecevit, Prime Minister, said the government, the employee and the employers will come together after the religious holiday. Ecevit said they oppose to election cooperation and solidarity in principle. Ecevit said harshness policy in the politics ended, adding ''you will see, the party which is hard, will lose.'' Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit also issued a circular on Thursday and frozen all the appointments and promotions till the end of the elections. Ecevit said his consent should be taken for obligatory appointments.
TURBAN DEMONSTRATION IN KOCATEPE MOSQUE
CUMHURIYET (LEFT)PKK A HEROIN NETWORK
The report prepared by General Staff Chairmanship in which drug trafficking of the separatist terrorist PKK organization is included, gave detailed information about the methods covered by the separatist terrorist organization on the issue of its most important finance source. The report said the organization gained at least 150 trillion lira income from the drug trafficking. The report said terrorist organization directed the drug trafficking via Turkey.
PATRIOT MISSILES TO COME
RADIKAL (LEFT)ECEVIT: REGIME IS STRONG
Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit said they did not go out of the Constitution during Feb 28 process and defended the view that concerns that regime is under threat are baseless. He said ''secularism has been taken under guarantee without going out of the principles of democratic law.''
THE MOST GENEROUS POLITICIAN
YENİ YÜZYIL (LIBERAL)OZER CILLER TO BE A CANDIDATE
Ankara backstages are shaken with the news reports that Ozer Ciller, husband of Tansu Ciller, leader of True Path Party (DYP), will be a candidate for deputyship. It was claimed that Ozer Ciller, who works as ''active advisor'' to Ciller, will come to the front stage. His candidacy from Mugla province, which is the region of Yalim Erez, Independent Deputy from Mugla province, is identified as ''revenge.''
SUPPORT FROM THE GIANTS TO THE GOVERNMENT
TÜRKİYE (RIGHT)LIVE BOMB ALARM
Security forces began to launch operations around the country to capture eight terrorists, four of them women, who were received bomb training abroad, before they hold activities. Police said students of Police Academy and soldiers will be selected as target in a possible activity.
ZAMAN (CONSERVATIVE)WE ARE THE COUNTRY OF SYNTHESIS
Muharrem Kayhan, chief of Turkish Industrialists and Businessmen Association (TUSIAD), said ''Turkey should not be a field of struggle of East and the West, secularism and fundamentalism, and a struggle of national unity and ethnic cultural difference. Turkey should be a field of synthesis in which these elements will be mixed within the framework of basic principles of the Republic.''
FAREWELL FROM CINDORUK
 DEMONSTRATION IN KOCATEPE MOSQUE - 30 PEOPLE WHO WANT TO PROTEST BAN ON HEAD SCARVES TAKEN UNDER CUSTODYANKARA, Jan 15 (A.A) - A group of people wanted to protest ban on head scarves following a night prayer. A total of 30 people were taken under custody in Kocatepe mosque.
Security forces intervened to a 100-people group who gathered around the mosque to hold a demonstration. 30 people were taken under custody in connection with the incident when they refused to disperse.
 PENTAGON: ''TURKEY REQUESTED FOR PATRIOT MISSILES''WASHINGTON, Jan 15 (A.A) - The US Defense Department (Pentagon) said on Thursday that Turkey requested for anti-missile Patriot missiles.
Michael Doubleday, acting Spokesman of Pentagon, said they are considering Turkey's request about the Patriot missiles, adding that ''we are interested in being as supportive as we can to any of our coalition partners who are involved in this operation.''
Doubleday said ''we are looking at their request and will reach a decision on that very soon.'' Doubleday refrained from commenting on where Turkey's request related with the Patriot missiles stemmed from and pointed out that they guessed the missiles will be deployed in a region near Northern Iraq.
Noting that Baghad's attitude changed to the planes supervising the no-fly zone in northern and southern parts of Iraq, Doubleday recalled that planes supervising northern parts took off from Incirlik base. He said that they are carrying out the operation in cooperation with Turkey and they appreciate contributions of Turkish government to this end.
 THE U.S. POSITIVE ON TURKEY'S REQUEST FOR PATRIOTSWASHINGTON, Jan 15(A.A) - The U.S. administration on Friday responded positively to Turkey's request regarding Patriot missiles.
Ankara, with security concerns upon the escalation of tension between the U.S. and Iraq, had requested for the Patriot missiles, known as ''anti- missile missiles'' and which displayed successful performances during the Gulf War.
The US officials said Ankara's request was sensible and reasonable and pointed out that the missiles will be given to Turkey. The same officials did not inform about the number of the Patriot missiles that will be given to Turkey.
Michael Doubleday, Acting Spokesman of Pentagon, earlier said they were looking at Turkey's request and would reach a decision on that very soon.
Doubleday also had recalled that planes enforcing no-fly zone in northern parts of Iraq took off from Incirlik base. He said that they were carrying out the operation in cooperation with Turkey and they appreciate contributions of Turkish government to this end.
 ENERGY PRODUCTION - 10.6 BILLION KWH ENERGY PRODUCED IN ATATURK DAM HYDROELECTRIC POWER PLANT LAST YEARGAZIANTEP, Jan 15 (A.A) - A total of 10.6 billion kilowatt hour electricity energy was produced in Ataturk Dam Hydroelectric Power Plant (HPP) which has become the ''heart'' and ''symbol'' of Southeastern Anatolian Project (GAP), that is the biggest project of Turkey and one of the leading projects of the world.
Ataturk Dam HPP contributed a lot in meeting the energy needs of the country from the time when it was implemented. A total of 10.6 billion kwh electricity energy had been produced in 1997.
The 2.07 billion cubic meters part of the 39.7 billion cubic meters water currently in Ataturk Dam is used for energy production.
 EXCAVATIONS IN CORUM - NEARLY 28,000 HISTORIAL WORKS OF ART BROUGHT TO LIGHTCORUM, Jan 15 (A.A) - Nearly 28,000 historical works of arts have been brought to light in archaeological excavations carried out in central Anatolian Corum province since 1894.
Ismet Ediz, Corum Museum Director, told A.A correspondent that Corum, which has hosted many civilizations throughout the history and had been the capital city of Hittites, aroused the interests of native and foreign archeologists.
Ediz said 82 histocial works of art were found in Ortakoy Sapinuva, 30 in Bogazkoy and five in Yoruklu Huseyindede Hill region during last year's excavation studies.
It was also reported that a total of 58.000 tourists, 21.741 of them foreigners, visited the museums in Corum last year.
 TURKEY-STOCK EXCHANGE - IMKB FIRST SESSION - NATIONAL-100 INDEX REDUCES TO 2,398.59 WITH A DECREASE OF 156.00 POINTSISTANBUL, Jan 15 (A.A) - The Istanbul Stock Exchange (IMKB) National-100 Index in the first session decreased 156.00 points to 2,398.59 and shares lost 6.11 percent in value compared with prices at the close of Thursday's second session, it was reported on Friday.
At the close of the first session, the financial index decreased 209.30 points to 2,995.60, the industrial index reduced 85.58 points to 1,781.49 and the services index decreased 250.83 points to 3,699.33.
The financial shares lost 6.53 percent in value, the industrial shares lost 4.58 percent in value and the services shares lost 6.35 percent in value compared with Thursday's second session close.
A total of 17 of the 269 shares gained in value, 243 shares lost in value while the prices of 9 shares didn't change.
The trading volume in the morning session was 22.2 trillion Turkish Liras.
 PRESIDENT DEMIREL DUE IN ALGERIAANKARA, Jan 15 (A.A) - President Suleyman Demirel will pay an official visit to Algeria between Jan 25 and 26 upon the invitation of Liamin Zerval, President of Algeria, it was reported on Friday.
Foreign Ministry statement said Foreign Minister Ismail Cem and a high level delegation will accompany Demirel during the visit.
Bilateral relations and facilities to further improve cooperation are expected to be taken up during the official visit. The sides will also exchange views on regional and international issues.
 PRODUCTION OF TUPRAS REFINERY IN BATMAN - ERDEM, DIRECTOR OF REFINERY: - ''WE HAVE OBTAINED A TOTAL OF 28.9 TRILLION TURKISH LIRAS OF PROFIT IN 1998''BATMAN, Jan 15 (A.A) - Umit Erdem, the Director of the Refinery of TUPRAS (the Oil Refineries Corporation of Turkey) in Southeastern Batman Province, said on Friday that they have obtanied a total of 28.9 trillion Turkish Liras of profit in 1998.
Responding to questions of the A.A correspondent, Erdem pointed out that the refinery works with a capacity of 93 percent.
Reminding that the refinery processed a total of 360 thousand tonnes of asphalt and 50 thousand tonnes of oil in 1998, Erdem also added that the refinery meets 22 percent of Turkey's asphalt need.
 LEMMON, THE US AMBASSADOR TO ARMENIA: - ''WE ATTRIBUTE GREAT IMPORTANCE TO COMMERCIAL LINE WHICH WILL CONNECT AZERBAIJAN TO TURKEY VIA ARMENIA''MOSCOW, Jan 15 (A.A) - Michael Lemmon, the US Ambassador to Armenia, said on Friday that the US attributes great importance to the commercial line which will connect Azerbaijan to Turkey via Armenia.
Addressing a press conference, Lemmon pointed out that such a cooperation will be beneficial economically for the region.
Reminding that the US endeavours to revive the economic integration and commercial routes in the region, Lemmon expressed hope over the economic cooperation to further improve.
 EURO AND ITS EFFECTS TO TURKEY - FOREIGN TRADE UNDERSECRETARIAT: ''EURO TO AFFECT TURKEY'S FOREIGN TRADE AND COMPETITION POWER IN SHORT TERM''ANKARA, Jan 15 (A.A) - Foreign Trade Undersecretariat said on Friday that Euro was a development that will affect Turkey's foreign trade and competition power in the short term.
Foreign Trade Undersecretariat's European Union (EU) General Directorate written statement said Euro (single currency) implementation started in 11 EU member countries, will have very important effects on European and world economy.
The statement pointed out that Turkey materialized more than half of its trade with the EU member countries, adding that Turkish companies should determine required strategies to keep up with this formation in Europe.
The statement said Euro will increase growth and stability within EU and promote investments and production and that this give facilities to countries like Turkey, who has a developed commercial integration with Europe, to present trade and service.
Meanwhile, it was also reported that Foreign Trade Undersecretariat published a booklet to give satisfactory responses to the questions, after the implementation of Euro, that may come on issues that will directly affect foreign trade section.
 PARLIAMENTARY DELEGATION IN GREECE - GREEK PRESIDENT STEPHANOPOULOS RECEIVES TURKISH DELEGATION LED BY HAKAN TARTANATHENS, Jan 15 (A.A) - President Costis Stephanopoulos of Greece received on Friday the Turkish delegation led by Hakan Tartan, the Deputy of the Democratic Left Party (DSP) from Izmir and Administrative Chief at the Parliament, who are currenty in Greece within the framework of the meeting of young politicians from the Southeastern Europe countries.
Stephanopoulos was given information by Tartan about the latest developments in Turkey.
Addressing the meeting, Stephanopoulos stressed that the young politicians have significant roles in providing peace and stability in the region.
Describing President Suleyman Demirel as an experienced statesman, Stephanopoulos pointed out that he had no opportunity to hold bilateral talks with him over the relations between Turkey and Greece, although they came together many times.
Hakan Tartan, in his part, expressed hope over the relations between the two countries to further improve in coming days.
Tartan also underlined the importance of function of young politicians in founding stability and peace in the region.
 FOREIGN TRADE DATAANKARA, Jan 15 (A.A) - The State Statistical Institute (DIE) noted on Friday that Turkey's export reduced 0.4 percent and import decreased 4.5 percent in January-November period of 1998 compared with the same period of last year.
Turkey's export which was 23 billion 851.8 million US dollars in 1997, reduced to 23 billion 754.2 million US dollars in Turkey, and the export that was 43 billion 617.5 million US dollars in 1997, decreased to 41 billion 659.8 million US dollars in January-November period of 1998.
The foreign trade deficit also reduced 9.4 percent to 17 billion 905.6 million US dollars in the same period.
Meanwhile, Turkey realized 2 billion 179.2 million US dollars in export and 3 billion 498.6 million US dollars in import in November 1998.
The export reduced 13.6 percent and import decreased 19.6 percent in November 1998 compared with the figures of November 1997.
The foreign trade data of Turkey are as follows:
. November November Change January-November Change . 1997 1998 Percent 1997 1998 Percent ---------- ------- ------- ----- -------- -------- ------ Export 2.523.1 2.179.2 -13.6 23.851.8 23.754.2 -0.4 Import 4.353.2 3.498.6 -19.6 43.617.5 41.659.8 -4.5 Foreign Trade Deficit -1.830.1 1,319.3 -27.9 -19.765.7 -17.905.6 -9.4
Meanwhile Turkey exported 2 billion 367.3 million US dollars in forestry and agriculture; 15.3 million US dollars in fishery;325.5 million US dollars in mining; 21 billion 27.4 million US dollars in industry in January-November period of 1998.
Turkey imported 41.6 billion US dollars in agriculture and forestry; 1 billion 94 million US dollars in fishery; 3 billion 442.9 million US dollars in mining and 36 billion 217.3 million Us dollars in industry.
 TWO AFTERSHOCK EARTHQUAKES SHAKE ADANA PROVINCEADANA, Jan 15 (A.A) - Two slight earthquakes measuring 3.5 and 4.2 on the Richter Scale shook Izmir Province and the surroundings at 22:42 p.m. on Thursday and 04:04 a.m on Friday.
Prof. Dr. Ahmet Isikara, the Director of the Bogazici University Kandilli Observatory Earthquake Research Institute, told the A.A correspondent that aftershock earthquakes can continue to shake Adana Province and surroundings in the coming days.
Following the major earthquake measuring 6.3 on the Richter Scale on June 27, 1998, a number of aftershock earthquakes shook the province and surroundings.
No casualties or financial damages were reported at the earthquake.
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