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Anadolu Agency: News in English, 99-01-20
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From: The Anadolu Agency Home Page at <http://www.anadoluajansi.gov.tr/>
20 January 1999 Wednesday
 TURKEY-PRESS SCANThese are some of the major headlines and their brief stories in Turkey's press on Jan 20, 1998. The Anadolu Agency does not verify these stories and does not vouch for their accuracy.
HURRIYET (LIBERAL) OCALAN IN NIJNI NOVGOROD
MILLIYET (LIBERAL)CRISIS IN SALE OF HOUSES
The prices of houses and flats decreased by 25 percent. The high interest rates, the decrease in population growth and migration to cities and the transfer of savings to high interest rates caused the decrease in prices of houses.
JIRI SUPPORT TO OCALAN
SABAH (LIBERAL)TARGET OF THE VIRTUE PARTY (FP)
Recai Kutan, the leader of the Virtue Party (FP) said that his party has to win 30 percent of the votes in the coming elections on April 18, 1999. Kutan said that ''even if we come as the first party in the elections by getting 21-22 percent of the votes, they won't let us to come to power.'' According to Kutan, the Motherland Party (ANAP) and the Democratic Left Party (DSP) are the two important parties with which FP will compete.
CUMHURIYET (LEFT)PRIME MINISTER ECEVIT:
''OCALAN ENTERED RUSSIA ILLEGALLY''
Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit pointed out that the leader of the separatist terrorist organization PKK entered Russia illegally, adding that he is not suspicious of the good will of Russia. ''If Ocalan is realy in Russian territories, Russia will do her best to capture him or get rid of him.'' Meanwhile the Greek newspapers claimed that the PKK leader left for Minsk for a temporary period of time, but he wants to return to Europe.
RADIKAL (LEFT)ERBAKAN TO RUN FOR CANDIDACY IN ELECTIONS
Necmettin Erbakan, the former leader of the banned Welfare Party (RP) who thinks that the political ban imposed on him by the Constitutional Court does not impede him to run for candidacy in the coming elections as an independent candidate, has started to launch efforts in Bayburt province in order to be re-elected to the parliament.
NO OCALAN, MANY SCENARIOS
YENİ YÜZYIL (LIBERAL)ITALY SUFFERS FROM THE ECONOMIC EMBARGO BY TURKEY
The economic embargo imposed by Turkey on Italy after the insistence of the Italian officials not to extradite Ocalan, the chief of the separatist terrorist organization PKK to Turkey, has negatively effected Italy, which lost approximately 68 million dollars due to the embargo.
OCALAN:I THANK TO D'ALEMA
TÜRKİYE (RIGHT)TERRORIST CAPTURED
Adem Ilkbay, a member of the separatist terrorist organization PKK who planned to stage a suicide attack during the Ramadan holiday was captured before staging the dreadful attack in eastern province of Van. It is reported that the bombs were prepared in Iran and eight people were taken into custody in connection with the incident.
ZAMAN (CONSERVATIVE)15 COUNTRIES FOR OCALAN
The Italian press published the names of 15 countries claiming that Ocalan, the chief of the separatist terrorist organization PKK could go to these countries. Necati Bilican, the director general of security said that an investigation is underway to find out the place where Ocalan stays and this place will be determined within few days.
 THE U.S. STATE DEPARTMENT: - ''ALBRIGHT HAS CONVEYED HER DISPLEASURE TO DINI OVER OCALAN'S ESCAPE FROM JUSTICE''WASHINGTON D.C., Jan 20 (A.A) - Madeleine Albright, the U.S. Secretary of State, conveyed her displeasure to Lamberto Dini, the Italian Foreign Minister, over escape of Abdullah Ocalan, the chief of separatist terrorist organization PKK, from justice, on Tuesday.
Addressing a press conference, James Rubin, the Spokesman of the U.S. State Department, pointed out that the U.S. is aware of Ocalan's departure from Italy.
Rubin reiterated that Ocalan should be brought to justice for his crimes committed against humanity.
''We regret that the path chosen by Italy does not appear to have advanced the goal of bringing Ocalan to justice,'' Rubin told the reporters.
Rubin noted that Albright held several telephone conversations with Dini in the last two days and the issue of Ocalan was among the topics discussed, but he gave no detailed information.
He also added that he could provide no further information about Ocalan's whereabouts since he left Italy.
 GERMAN OPPOSITION PARTIES CRITICIZE GERMAN GOVERNMENT - WESTERWELLE, ''OCALAN CASE IS A SCANDAL FOR GERMAN GOVERNMENT'' - ''GERMAN GOVERNMENT DECEIVED PARLIAMENT AND PUBLIC OPINION''BONN, Jan 20 (A.A) - Guido Westerwelle, the Secretary General of the German Free Democrat Party (FDP) criticized the German Government's policy towards Abdullah Ocalan, the chief of separatist terrorist organization PKK, it is reported on Tuesday.
Addressing a press conference, Westerwelle, stressed that the government of Chancellor Gerhard Schroder has deceived both the German parliament and the German public opinion systematically with its statements over the issue of Ocalan.
Pointing out that the German government did not request the extradition of Ocalan, the terrorist chief from Italy although there was an arrest warrant for him in Germany, Westerwelle accused the government of being a mere spectator while Ocalan was leaving Italy.
Westerwelle pointed out, ''it is possible to come to such a conclusion then; a dangerous person who violates international laws can easily escape from justice. The case of Ocalan is a scandal for the German government. The government declared previously that Ocalan could not flee from being judged. But he is free now and calls his supporters to launch violence acts. This is nothing but a scandal.''
Wolfgang Zeitlmann, the Spokesman of the Christian Social Unity Party (CSU) for Internal Affairs and Justice Policy, stressed that Schroder's government collapsed.
Pointing out that the confidence in the state of law in Germany has been damaged at the international level, Zeitlmann, described the German government's allegations that Ocalan could not escape from being judged, as misleading.
 PRESIDENT DEMIREL VISITS HIS AZERBAIJANI COUNTERPART ALIEVANKARA, Jan 20 (A.A)- President Suleyman Demirel visited on Tuesday his Azerbaijani counterpart Haydar Aliev who is under medical treatment in Gulhane Military Medical Academy (GATA).
President Demirel was informed by Prof. Dr. Cetin Harmankaya about the health condition of Aliev.
Prof. Dr. Harmankaya stressed that Aliev who suffers from an infection in his respiratory system and bronchitis, is recovering.
Meanwhile Aliev celebrated the Ramadan Festival of the Turkish people.
Ismail Cem, the Foreign Minister, also visited President Aliev in the GATA.
 HEAVY SNOWFALL PARALYZES DAILY LIFE AND TRAFFIC IN CENTRAL KONYA PROVINCEKONYA, Jan 20 (A.A)- Heavy snowfall which began two days ago, continues to paralyze the daily life and traffic in the Central Konya Province, it is reported on Wednesday.
A total of 200 village roads in Meram, Selcuklu, Celtik, Ilgin, Hadim, Aksehir, Eregli, Halkapinar, Guneysinir, Doganhisar and Derbent counties of Konya Province, were closed to traffic as a result of snowstorm.
Highway teams maintain activities to re-open the roads to traffic.
A number of traffic accidents occurred in city center of Konya causing financial damage.
Officials at the Directorate General of State Meteorology said that the bad weather conditions will continue in the coming days.
 COE'S REPORT ON TURKEY - COE PROPOSES TURKEY TO MAKE COOPERATION WITH VENICE COMMISSION CONCERNING CONSTITUTIONAL REFORMSSTRASBOURG, Jan 20 (A.A) - The committee which acts within the framework of Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly (COEPA) and which is responsible for monitoring the responsibilities and obligations of the member countries, approved on Tuesday the report on Turkey prepared by Andreas Barsony, the Hungarian parliamentarian and Walter Schwimmer, the Austrian parliamentarian.
The report, which will be discussed during the general council meetings of COEPA, calls on Turkey to continue undertaking reforms in human rights and democracy.
Foreign Ministry is uneasy about the report which proposes Turkey to make cooperation with Venice Commission concerning constitutional reforms.
Venice Commission examines whether or not the articles of the member countries' constitutions are in harmony with the principles of the COE.
Venice Commission examines the constitutions of the East European countries which have recently joined the COE and puts forward legal recommendations to them.
The two European parliamentarians visited Ankara and Diyarbakır provinces at the beginning of September last year and held contacts with Turkish officials.
The draft report which was prepared by Barsony and Schwimmer calls on Turkey to make legal arrangements regarding the right to freedom of expression, right to organize and rights of prisoners.
 GREAT SUCCESS OF TURKISH SCIENTIST IN THE U.S. - DISCOVERY OF DR. FATIH UCKUN PLAYS A KEY ROLE IN TREATMENTS OF LEUKEMIA AND LYMPHOMACHICAGO, Jan 20 (A.A) - The Journal of Biological Chemistry, the official journal of the U.S. Society of Biochemistry, covered the discovery of Dr. Fatih Uckun, Chairman of the Hughes Institute of the Minnesota University, and his team, in its latest edition, it was reported on Wednesday.
According to the study of Dr. Uckun, the identification of an enzyme may improve the way leukemia and lymphoma are treated.
Stressing that the cancer cells from leukemia and lymphoma commonly resist chemotheraphy, Dr. Uckun noted, ''we have discovered that the identification of the BTK enzyme plays a key role in the way the leukemia and lymphoma cells withstand the cancer-fighting treatment.''
Dr. Uckun pointed out, ''we believe that the identification of BTK as a key regulator of drug sensivity will significantly increase our understanding of how best treat to cancer. Now we know what target to attack to effectively fight the chemotheraphy resistance of leukemia and lymphoma cells, we can quickly determine how best to kill them.''
Having discovered BTK enzyme as a new target that is vital for the survival and drug resistance of leukemia cells, Dr. Uckun and his team have developed and synthesized a new anti-leukemia drug which specifically and rapidly inactivates BTK in leukemia cells.
Dr. Fatih Uckun has been working at the Minnesota University since 1984. He has established the Hughes Institute within the structure of the university in 1996 to research the diseases effecting the defense system of human body such as AIDS and cancer.
 KAZAKH PRESIDENT NEZARBAEV'S INAUGURATIONASTANA, Jan 20 (A.A)- President Nursultan Nazarbaev of Kazakhstan who won a victory by getting more than 81 percent of the votes in the poll on January 10, took the oath of office in the new capital Astana on Wednesday.
Hikmet Cetin, Speaker of Parliament, and Ziya Aktas, Energy and Natural Resources Minister, joined the ceremonies for inauguration of Nazarbaev.
President Askar Akaev of Kyrgyzstan, President Islam Kerimov of Uzbekistan, Iranian Vice President, Russian Prime Minister Yevgeni Primakov, the Prime Ministers of Tajikistan, Ukraine and Moldova, the Deputy Prime Ministers of Azerbaijan, Belarus and Armenia, the Chinese Deputy Secretary of State, the Georgian State Minister and other high-level officials were also in attendance at the ceremonies.
Cetin is scheduled to be received by President Nazarbaev later today.
Meanwhile President Suleyman Demirel has sent his Kazakh counterpart a message of congratulation.
The Presidential Press Center quoted Demirel as saying, ''Kazakhstan has become one of the most respected and leading countries both in the region and in the world under the determined leadership of President Nazarbaev. I believe that the cooperation between Turkey and Kazakhstan will strengthen in the coming days.''
Demirel thanked Nazarbaev for his contribution to the relations between the two countries.
 CLAIMS SAYING THAT OCALAN, THE CHIEF OF THE SEPARATIST TERRORIST ORGANIZATION HIDES IN MOSCOWMOSCOW, Jan 20 (A.A) - A Russian source close to Russian parliamentarians who accompanied Abdullah Ocalan, the chief of the separatist terrorist organization PKK on his earlier arrival in Russia from Syria claimed on Tuesday that he hides in Moscow this time, the same source reiterated his claim on Wednesday.
This person who says his name is ''Alexander'' without giving further information about himself, phoned on Tuesday the A.A office in Moscow and alleged that ''Ocalan is in Moscow.''
Alexander told A.A correspondent that the chief terrorist stays in one of the houses he stayed in his previous visit to Moscow.
''The terrorist came to Russia for the second time, but he also stayed in Greek Cypriot side and Greece besides Italy,'' Alexander said.
Alexander also alleged that he has such material, documents, films, photos and information proving that Ocalan is in Moscow at the moment and he also stayed in Greece and the Greek Cypriot side.
It is not known now whether or not this person says the truth or tries to deceive the public opinion.
This person uses the offices of the press organs and the room of Alexander Mitrofanov, who acts as the leader of the support extended to the separatist terrorist organization PKK by Duma, the lower chamber of the Russian parliament in his meetings with press members.
 PRIME MINISTER ECEVIT: - ''SEPARATIST TERRORIST ORGANIZATION HAS COME TO THE POINT OF COLLAPSE'' - ''NEWS CLAIMING THAT WE REQUESTED DEBT FROM THE IMF, IS NOT TRUE''ANKARA, Jan 20 (A.A) - Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit stressed on Wednesday that the separatist terrorist organization PKK has come to the point of collapse.
Addressing the journalists, Ecevit noted that the whereabouts of Ocalan could not be determined yet, adding, ''but it is important that he cannot come out and he cannot find a country which will grant political asylum to him.''
Responding to a question whether or not his government requested financial aid from the International Monetary Fund (IMF) in order to repay Turkey's foreign debts, Ecevit pointed out, ''We have relations with the IMF, but the news claiming that we requested financial aid to repay foreign debts worth of 24 billion US dollars, is not true.''
Stressing that the government is aware of the burden of the foreign debts, Ecevit reminded that Turkey has never hinder her repayments.
Ecevit added, ''Turkey even repaid depts of the Ottoman Empire. However Turkey has been effected by the global crisis, and we expect the support of the international finance organizations including the IMF.''
 HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH CONDEMNS ITALIAN GOVERNMENT: ''OPPORTUNITY OF TRYING CHIEF TERRORIST HAS BEEN MISSED''BRUSSELS, Jan 20 (A.A) - Human Rights Watch condemned on Wednesday the Italian government which permitted Abdullah Ocalan, the chief of the separatist terrorist organization PKK to escape from Italy and which missed the opportunity to put Ocalan on trial.
Human Rights Watch issued a written statement in Brussels, recalling the crimes against humanity, massacres, illegal activities of the separatist terrorist organization controlled by its chief.
Holly Cartner, the Chairman of the Human Rights Watch's Department of European and Central Asian Affairs said that ''the Italian government and the international society missed an opportunity concerning Ocalan case as they could not give a message to those who commit violence saying that they will hold responsibility for their crimes and could not prove the faithfullness of Italy and other countries to the international justice system.
The statement defended the view that a legal basis is needed to punish the crimes committed against humanity, adding that such kind of criminals have to be put on trial far away from political pressures.
Human Rights Watch recalled that it wrote a letter to Massimo D'Alema, the Italian Premier last November explaining the crimes of the terrorist chief and requesting his trial.
Humah Rights Watch pointed out that Abdullah Ocalan is responsible for hundreds of murders including civilians, women, children, teachers, its political oppositions, soldiers and policemen and committed these crimes as ''the policy of the organization.''
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