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Anadolu Agency: News in English, 99-01-22
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From: The Anadolu Agency Home Page at <http://www.anadoluajansi.gov.tr/>
22 January 1999 Friday
 TURKEY-PRESS SCANThese are some of the major headlines and their brief stories in Turkey's press on Jan 22, 1999. The Anadolu Agency does not verify these stories and does not vouch for their accuracy.
HURRIYET (LIBERAL)RETURN TO LIFE
Dincer Kizilirmak, retired pilot Colonel and Emrah Albayrak, a pilot, could be rescued three days after the accident. The two pilots struggled hard against the fierce waves for 70 hours. If they could not be found two more hours, recue teams would begin to look for their dead bodies.
US TO OVERTHROW FROM ANKARA
MILLIYET (LIBERAL)THE MOST DETERMINED VOTER
General elections will take place on April 18 yet most of the voters could not decide to which party they will cast their votes. There is no exicitement even in party headquarters. There is a mass of resolved voters in this ''indecisive'' atmosphere: the outskirts. Fate of big cities is determined in the suburbs.
D'ALEMA TO RUSSIA
SABAH (LIBERAL)IN THE LAP OF ARMENIANS
Russia, while distracting Turkey saying that they were ''looking for Abdullah Ocalan'', chief of separatist terrorist organization, sent him to Stepanakert, center of Nargono-Karabakh which is under Armenian occupation. Russian newspaper ''Kommersant'' claimed that Russia found the formula of Karabakh both not to sour relations with Turkey and to keep Apo under their disposal.
FOREIGN TRADE WITH ITALY RECESSED
According to the data of the association, exportation records which was 173.1 million U.S. dollars to Italy in December 1997 reduced to 126.5 million U.S. dollars. The decrease in exportation records was 26.9 percent when compared to December month of the previous year.
CUMHURIYET (LEFT)MOSCOW DISTRACTS ANKARA
Officials of Russian government refrain from saying something certain about Abdullah Ocalan, chief of separatist terrorist organization. Ankara waits for ''an official confirmation'' from Moscow about the Russia alternative where Ocalan is probably in. Parliament Speaker Hikmet Cetin said Yevgeni Primakov, Russian Prime Minister, gave him assurances that it was impossible for Ocalan to take shelter in Russian territories.
CIVILIAN WARNING TO DSP AND CHP
RADIKAL (LEFT)PRIORITIES OF ECEVIT
The government aims at issuing budget of the year 1999 and Banks Law before the elections which will take place on April 18. Ecevit wants to get support from the International Monetary Fund (IMF) before entering to crisis. Ecevit will convene Economic and Social Council to search for a way out which will satisfy everybody.
THREE PARTIOTS TO INCIRLIK
YENİ YÜZYIL (LIBERAL)APO ASSURANCE FROM PRIMAKOV
Parliament Speaker Hikmet Cetin, who returned to Turkey wrapping up his visit to Kazakhstan, said during his bilateral meeting with Yevgeni Primakov, Russian Prime Minister, he gave assurances that Abdullah Ocalan, chief of separatist terrorist organization will not be allowed to take shelter in Russia. Yet, althought Primakov stressed friendship with Turkey, Moscow has not given an absolute response about Apo.
EUROPE EUROPE TAKE MY FLOWER
Gobus said their target for 1999 is to export 200 million branch of flowers in return of an income of 27 million US dollars.
TÜRKİYE (RIGHT)INITIATIVES FOR ALLIANCE
Tansu Ciller, leader of True Path Party (DYP) who could not get an outcome from her searches for cooperation with the Nationalist Movement Party (MHP), turned her route to Great Unity Party (BBP), Democrat Party (DP) and New Democracy Party (YDP). Ciller said ''I will collect all the colors of right under DYP.''
PROPOSAL OF ITALIANS NOT EVALUATED IN GIANT TENDER
ZAMAN (CONSERVATIVE)ECEVIT: APO IS ABSOLUTELY IN RUSSIA
Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit said Abdullah Ocalan, chief of the separatist terrorist organization, is almost certainly in Russia. Ecevit said ''we believe that Russia will keep its promise which it gave us to this end.'' Meanwhile, ''Kommersant'', a newspaper in Russia, claimed that Ocalan is in Nagorno-Karabakh, which is under Armenian occupation.
 MISSING PILOTS FOUND ALIVEANTALYA, Jan 22 (A.A) - Two pilots who sailed to sea with a five meter boat three days ago, were found alive on Thursday. ''Dogan 17'' research and rescue plane belonging to Turkish Air Forces, determined the place of the boat which was missing for three days. Later, personnel of Kocatepe Frigate rescued Omer Kizilirmak, the retired pilot and Emrah Albayrak, pilot of Sun Express.
The pilots received their first medical treatments in the frigate. They are reported to be in good health conditions.
The two pilots could manage to continue living for three days by eating Turkish delight and with a small amount of water.
 PRIME MINISTER ECEVIT: ''WE HAVE DISCUSSED KOSOVO QUESTION TOGETHER WITH PRESIDENT DEMIREL''ANKARA, Jan 22 (A.A) - Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit said on Thursday that they discussed Kosovo question with President Suleyman Demirel adding that cruelty of Serbia reached to grave dimensions that humanity can not endure, and expressed Turkey's sensitivity to this end.
Speaking to reporters following his 35-minute meeting with President Suleyman Demirel, Ecevit said ''we are very sensitive on the issue'' and added that the government applied to the U.N. Security Council a few days ago and wanted it to convene to take more effective measures.
Ecevit went on as saying: ''The issue was brought to the agenda of the U.N. Security Council. We had also applied to NATO. Obviously more deterring measures should be taken as the attacks reached to grave dimensions. I have listened to the views of our President in this respect.''
 PENTAGON SAYS PATRIOT MISSILIES TO BE DEPLOYED IN TURKEY FOR ABOUT 30 OR 60 DAYSWASHINGTON, Jan 22 (A.A) - The U.S. Defense Department (Pentagon) said on Thursday that anti-missile Patriot missile batteries which were sent to Incirlik Base will be deployed in Turkey for about 30 or 60 days.
Kenneth Bacon, Pentagon Spokesman said the missiles were sent to Turkey as a ''precaution'' against the possibility of escalation of conflict with Iraq adding the deployment was not as a result of a direct or immediate threat to Turkey.
Bacon pointed out that Patriots were under the control of the U.S. military personnel and that they were sent following the threats of Iraq and upon the request of Turkish government. The Spokesman said the Patriots sent to Turkey were a ''minimum engagement package'' consisting of three missile launchers that would be deployed for about 30-60 days.
 THE U.S. ADMINISTRATION: ''BAKU-CEYHAN IS A TARGET FOR US AND IT SHOULD BE REALIZED''WASHINGTON, Jan 22 (A.A) - The U.S. Administration said on Friday that Baku- Ceyhan oil pipeline, planned to transport Azeri oil to the West, was a ''principle and a target'' for them.
Richard Morningstar, Special Consultant of the U.S. President Bill Clinton and Madeleine Albright, State Secretary, staged a news conference for foreign journalists on the issue of Caspian Basin energy policies and said that meeting with ''empty'' wells in the region should not create desperation.
Morningstar said Caspian Basin has ''important'' reserves even if not as much as the Middle East region and noted that ''empty'' wells could be seen in Northern Sea. Richard Morningstar resembled Caspian Basin to Northern Sea like the reserve capacity.
Morningstar also said Baku-Ceyhan oil pipeline was an ''important goal and principle for the U.S.'' and added that negotiations continue between Turkish Government, Azeri Government and the concerned oil companies for Baku-Ceyhan oil pipeline. Morningstar said that the negotiations may be resulted in positive outcomes soon.
The U.S. diplomat also mentioned about the dangers that may be created in case of the increase in tanker traffic in Turkish Straits, adding that they have conveyed all of these and that the companies could see the facts.
Morningstar also said that a compromise that will be reached between the governments and companies for the realization of Baku-Ceyhan oil pipeline should be attractive economically and commercially and pointed out that the sides were working to this end. Morningstar also expressed belief that basic principles and framework will be determined on the issue of Baku- Ceyhan within one year. He also said Baku-Ceyhan should be realized.
Morningstar noted that development of energy sources in the Caspian Basin will be beneficial for the countries and companies in the region and meanwhile reiterated that they opposed to the passing of the pipeline via Iran.
The U.S. Administration for a long time provided support to Turkey on the issue of Baku-Ceyhan and worked hard to persuade the U.S. companies in the AIOC Consortium.
 TURKISH AND RUSSIAN OFFICIALS TO DISCUSS CFEANKARA, Jan 22 (A.A) - High level military and civilian officials from Turkey and Russia will convene in Ankara on Monday to exchange views within the framework of the adaptation of Conventional Forces in Europe (CFE) to changing security conditions.
A Foreign Ministry statement said that the meeting will be a continuation of the negotiations held in Moscow on Nov 11, 1998 within the framework of the regular negotiations carried out between Turkey and Russia. The stage reached in studies in CFE adaptation will be evaluated. An agreement was reached on Dec 1, 1996 during OSCE Lisbon summit to adapt CFE to the changing security conditions in Europe. CFE had taken effect in the year 1992.
An OSCE summit will be staged in Istanbul between Nov 18 and 19, 1999.
 IVANOV, RUSSIAN FOREIGN MINISTER: ''INVESTIGATION ENDED, I AM OFFICIALLY ANNOUNCING THAT OCALAN IS NOT IN RUSSIAN TERRITORIES''MOSCOW, Jan 22 (A.A) - Igor Ivanov, Russian Foreign Minister, officially announced on Friday that Abdullah Ocalan, chief of the separatist terrorist organization, was not in Russia as a result of the investigation they launched.
Responding to the questions of Turkish journalists in a news conference, Ivanov said, ''I can disclose the result today. We have meticulously investigated the issue with the order of Prime Minister Yevgeny Primakov. I can say that Ocalan is not in Russian territories today, at this moment.''
Gen. Valentin Sobolev, Russian Domestic Intelligence Service Deputy Chairman, also said Ocalan was not in Russia at the moment.
Sobolev said, ''upon the demands coming from Turkish and Italian governments, we have investigated if Ocalan was in Russia or not. We have found out that he is not in Russia at the moment.''
 RUSSIA OFFICIALLY INFORMS TURKEY THAT TERRORIST CHIEF IS NOT IN THIS COUNTRYMOSCOW, Jan 22 (A.A) - Russia on Friday officially informed Turkey that Abdullah Ocalan, chief of the separatist terrorist organization, is not in Russia.
Diplomatic sources said that ''the required investigation has been made.'' The message that ''this person is not in Russia'' has been conveyed to Turkey on Thursday, the sources added.
When Russia's special language used on the problem of Ocalan is taken into consideration, this statement means ''he is not in our country anymore, he left.''
Observers close to the issue say that Russia's statement saying that Ocalan was not there should be esteemed without hesitation.
 KOSOVO PROBLEM - OYMEN, TURKEY'S PERMANENT REPRESENTATIVE TO NATO: ''NATO CALLS FOR A PEACEFUL SOLUTION''BRUSSELS, Jan 22 (A.A) - Onur Oymen, Turkey's Permanent Representative to NATO, said on Friday that NATO called for political solution in Kosovo, adding that it will apply to military alternative if there is no other way. He said that violence from any side is not excused.
Evaluating recent developments about Kosovo to A.A correspondent, Oymen said no decision of intervention has been taken yet, adding that ''we are implementing all our facilities and power to halt violence in Kosovo, to provide fulfilment of ceasefire conditions, and to provide international institutions to perform their duties effectively.''
''Our aim is to find a solution through politics before a military intervention. Yet, if the conditions force us and if we have no other way, we say we are prepared for a military intervention'' Oymen said, adding that ''we want the problems to be solved through peaceful means. No such result could be provided so far despite all our efforts. We managed to provide return of tens of thousands of refugees to their homes in October, and withdrawal of some of Serbian troops. Yet, several provocations and extreme attitudes created a problematic situation. We are very uneasy.''
Oymen said that peaceful solution on Kosovo depends on the two sides, adding that ''we do not excuse violence of the two sides, NATO statements attributed importance to this. We want them to find solution by peaceful means. Violence will not bring solution. We condemn violence whereever it comes from. A peaceful solution within the framework of Yugoslavia's territorial integrity should be found. Besides, neither NATO nor any single country supported the initiatives which say 'I want full independence' by using force. This also must be taken into consideration.''
''Yugoslavia also must prove that she wants a peaceful solution, and she does not use unnecessary and excessive force,'' Oymen said, ''while looking for a solution to Kosovo problem, we should not forget that there are more than 50,000 people from Turkish origin there apart from Serbians and Albanians. Also, there are other minorities. The political solution that will be found should protect rights and interests of all minorities.''
 PRIME MINISTER ECEVIT IN FOREIGN MINISTRY TO GET INFORMATION ABOUT LATEST DEVELOPMENTSANKARA, Jan 22 (A.A) - Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit visited Foreign Ministry on Friday to get information about recent developments.
Speaking to reporters while leaving Prime Ministry building, Ecevit said he will get information from Foreign Minister Ismail Cem and diplomats about the latest developments.
Responding to a question about developments on Iraq issue, Ecevit said, ''I will get detailed information in Foreign Ministry. I will make necessary statements afterwards.''
 KOSOVO CRISIS - ''TCG MUAVENET'' FRIGATE TO PARTICIPATE IN NATO MEDITERRANEAN PERMANENT NAVAL FORCEANKARA, Jan 22 (A.A) - The General Staff Secretariat said on Friday that ''TCG Muavenet'' Frigate departed from Golcuk Main Base on Thursday to participate in NATO Mediterranean Permanent Naval Force.
A General Staff General Secretariat written statement said that ''TCG Muavenet Frigate chosen to be assigned in the Mediterranean Permanent Naval Forces, which is one of NATO's Reaction Forces, left from Golcuk Main Base on Jan 21, 1999 to participate in Permanent Force.''
NATO Mediterranean Permanent Naval Force will be assigned in Adriatic Sea in the direction of the resolutions taken by the Alliance due to the recent developments in Kosovo.
 DEPLOYMENT OF PATRIOTS STARTSADANA, Jan 22 (A.A) - Deployment of anti-missile Patriot batteries, which were sent to Incirlik Base by the U.S. started on Friday.
Activities started in the Air Base as of the early hours of the day which seemed to be calm throughout the feast Eid Al-Fitr.
It was reported that deployment process of two of the Patriot missile batteries concluded.
Patriot missiles had been used during Gulf War in 1991 in Israel and Saudi Arabia against Iraq's Scud missiles.
 DISAPPOINTMENT FOR THE BRITISH SPECIAL ENVOY TO CYPRUS - TRNC PRESIDENT DENKTAS DID NOT PARTICIPATE TO LUNCH GIVEN BY HANNAY - GREEK CYPRIOT LEADER CLERIDES ANNOUNCED THAT HE WILL NOT PARTICIPATE TO THE DINNER GIVEN BY HANNAYLEFKOSA, Jan 22 (A.A) - Sir David Hannay, Britain's Special Envoy to Cyprus who came to the Island on Thursday for contacts was rejected by Rauf Denktas, the President of Turkish Republic of Cyprus, (TRNC) and Greek Cypriot leader Glafcos Clerides on Friday.
TRNC's TAK News Agency said that the plan of Hannay to meet Denktas, TRNC President, at lunch, and Clerides, the Greek Cypriot leader, at dinner in British High Commissioner David Madden's residence was not realized.
Tahsin Ertugruloglu, TRNC Foreign and Defense Minister; Ergun Olgun, the Presidency Undersecretary; and Necati Munir Ertegun, the Special Advisor for Political Affairs of the Presidency, joined the lunch given by Hannay.
Clerides, the Greek Cypriot leader, at the same time, announced that he will not take part in the dinner which will be given by Hannay this evening.
Following these developmens, a statement by the British High Commissioner's office claimed that an opportunity was missed by the two leaders to explain their views concerning the future, and expressed regret over the development.
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