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Anadolu Agency: News in English, 00-01-10
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From: The Anadolu Agency Home Page at <http://www.anadoluajansi.gov.tr/>
 AA News
10 January 2000 Monday
 TURKEY-PRESS SCANThese are some of the major headlines and their brief stories in Turkey's press on January 10, 2000. The Anadolu Ajansi does not verify these stories and does not vouch for their occuracy.
HURRIYET (LIBERAL)26 HOT HOURS
Turkish politicians had a total of 26 'hot' hours before saying 'yes' to the European Union (EU) candidacy. The paper tells the backstage of the politics in Turkey on December 10, 1999 when the Helsinki summit was held. The EU submitted the draft of the official final declaration of the EU summit to the Turkish Foreign Ministry at 22.45. However Turkey was silent for hours and long meetings took place. The most important one of them was the one that took place in the Prime Ministry office. In that meeting Foreign Minister Cem and State Minister Mehmet Ali Irtemcelik defended opposite views. Cem thought that the draft brought heavy conditions, Irtemcelik defended the view that it was advantageous for Turkey. When the fax of Finnish Prime Minister Lipponen arrived in the office, Premier Ecevit thought that Irtemcelik was right.
FIRST RAMADAN BAIRAM WITHOUT WIRES
MILLIYET (LIBERAL)SYDNEY VIRUS STRIKES TURKEY
An avarage of 20 patients are coming to hospitals in Istanbul complaining of a cold. Prof. Ahmet Rasim Kucukusta from Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty said the cold cases has recently doubled. The Sydney virus which is believed to make people sick caused the deaths of 200 people in Britain. Doctors said there is no risk of a life threatening cold epidemic in Turkey but warned people that the cold can turn to bronchitis or pnemonia.
TURKEY'S TOURISM AREAS TO BE DISCOVERED
SABAH (LIBERAL)WE NEED TO WAIT BEFORE WE DELETE ZERO'S FROM MONEY
Deleting zero's from the banknotes has been discussed for some time but it is unlikely that it will happen before 2001. Because the inflation has to be pulled down to 10 percent and it also requires a preparation period of 9 months. Turkish money has the highest number of zeros in the world. There is no other country which has 10 million banknote.
REASONABLE COMMENT FROM MHP:''STATE IS IMPORTANT, NOT OCALAN''
CUMHURIYET (LEFT)TURKEY'S NEW AGENDA:RABIES
While Turkey is working to become an EU member, it is combating rabies with medieval methods and solutions like massacring animals or importing them to Far East where dogs are eaten. Prof. Tahsin Yesildere said ''killing them can never be a solution. Moreover, humans don't have the right to kill animals.'' Yesildere said they were working on a project to set up a Foundation to Protect Nature and Animals to rehabilitate stray animals and the World Protection of Animals Association promised to support the project. The project suggests neutering stray animals and improving the conditions of animal shelters. Animals which are fatally ill will be put to sleep by injection. A trained and fully equipped team will gather dogs in the cities for 24 hours. The foundation will also try to find homes for stray animals after vaccinating them.
''DO NOT BE AFRAID OF MINORITIES''
RADIKAL (LEFT)GOOD NEWS FOR ISTANBUL
Geology engineer of State Planning Organization (DPT)Dr. Nihal Atuk, who says that she knows very well the Marmara region, said that ''there is no fault line in the Marmara sea, no major earthquake measuring more than 5 on the Richter scale can shake Istanbul.''
800 TRILLION LIRAS OF FAKE INVOICE
TURKIYE (RIGHT)ALARM OF DISEASE
According to the research of the World Health Organization (WHO) the diseases of AIDS, cancer and influenza will be trouble for people in 2000s. WHO says that AIDS particularly threatens children. A total of 60 people died in Britain recently due to influenza. Meanwhile rabies and tuberculosis, which had already been forgotten by the world, are still seen in Turkey.
"SOLUTION WITHOUT TURKEY IS DIFFICULT"
Haydar Aliyev, the Azerbaijani President came to Ankara yesterday upon the invitation of President Suleyman Demirel. Aliyev pointed out that Turkey supports the right cause of Azerbaijan regarding the conflict with Armenia, adding they announced a ceasefire with Armenia, but peace hasn't been installed yet. Aliyev stressed that the problems in the region can't be solved without the participation of Turkey and the events in the Caucasus can't be solved without Turkey. President Demirel said in his part that Caucasus will be peaceful by the contributions of Aliyev.
ZAMAN (CONSERVATIVE)HEARTS CAN'T FORGET
People from all over Turkey came to the quake struck region with gifts due to the Ramadan holiday. These people came from Istanbul, Izmir, Ankara, Afyon and Diyarbakır. They arrived in the region by buses or their cars. They brought gifts and smiles to their friends in Bolu, Duzce, Sakarya, Izmit and Yalova.
 TURKISH CYPRIOTS RETURN TO TRNC AFTER VISITING HALA SULTAN TOMB IN GREEK SIDELEFKOSA, Jan 10 (A.A) - A total of 1,685 Turkish Cypriots who passed to the Greek side of Cyprus to visit the Hala Sultan Tomb in Larnaka returned to Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) on Sunday evening.
Greek Cypriot police tightened security measures around the tomb and UN Peace Keeping Forces accompanied the visitors.
No incidents occured during the visit.
 EUROPAY INTERNATIONAL, TARGETS TO HAVE 60 PERCENT MARKET SHARE IN TURKEY IN 2000'SISTANBUL, Jan 10 (A.A) - Europay International, Europe's biggest payment systems institution is targeting to raise its market share in Turkey to 60 percent in 2000's.
Europay International which gathers Mastercard and Maestro credit cards under its roof, last year increased its market share in Turkey to 49 percent and number of credit cards to 15 million.
Ozlem Ercelen Imece, the General Director of Turkey and Central Asian Republics, told A.A that they achieved to increse their turnover from 7 billion U.S. dollars to 10.5. billion U.S. dollars despite the economic crisis.
Imece said they work to improve their technologies in order to offer attractive products to masses of people. She also noted that Turkey was a very dynamic market. ''There are 30 credit and bank cards in Turkey. 9 percent of them are credit cards. This figure can easily be increased to 15 million. 70 percent of card holders have more than one credit card. However, there are about 6 million people who actively use credit cards. There is a long way to go but there is also a big potential in this area,'' she explained.
Imece who is responsible for eight countries including Turkey said Central Asian countries were trying to adapt to new payment systems and added that they wanted to use their experience in Turkey in these countries.
The usage of credit cards is growing very rapidly in Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan and Uzbekistan. They are recently giving cards to Armenia, Turkmenistan and Georgia but they are not planning to give credit cards anytime soon to Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan whose economies are very new, Imece explained.
In Turkey, besides big cities, Europay International wants to increase Master Card and Meestro Card sales in other places of Anatolia. They also want to introduce ''smart card'' in Turkey.
''Credit cards will be more important in Turkey after the inflation drops. We are targeting to increase our turnover by 70-80 percent in 2000's,'' she said.
 GREEK FIRM ROKAS S.A. PROPOSES PARTNERSHIP TO GUCBIRLIGI HOLDINGIZMIR, Jan 10 (A.A) - The Athens based Greek firm Rokas S.A. proposed partnership to Gurbirligi Holding in the field of wind energy on Monday.
Christos Rokas, the Executive Board Chairman of Rokas S.A., in a letter said that his company had 40 years of experience and proposed partnership to Gucbirligi in the energy investments that will be made in Greece and Turkey.
In the proposal, Rokas said they were planning to market the energy that will be obtained through the joint investment. ''Regardless of which country the investment is made, the energy can be transferred to the other contry through undersea cables. We can even sell energy to Greek islands,'' he explained.
Rokas also noted that the partnership will help to develop friendship and trade relations between Turkey and Greece and encourage other enterpreneurs.
Kemal Zorlu, the Executive Board President of Gucbirligi Holding told A.A that they recognized no boundries in wind energy investments and were ready to invest in any region they thought would be productive. Gucbirligi Holding will start talks with the Greek firm after the Ramadan holiday. Wind energy investments are on the top of their priority list, Zorlu told A.A.
Zorlu also pointed out that a clean environment was desired by both Turkey and Greece as tourism was a significant source of income for the two countries.
 CONFLICTS WITHIN TERRORIST ORGANIZATION PKK COME TO LIGHT IN ITS SOCALLED 7TH CONGRESSANKARA, Jan 10 (A.A) - The ''conflicts and groupings'' within the terrorist organization PKK came into light clearly during the socalled seventh congress held in Iranian side of Kandil mountain.
Supporters of Cemil Bayık and Osman Ocalan, the brother of the head terrorist, sit in different places during the congress, the intelligence units determined.
The socalled congress convened in an extraordinary meeting to discuss the call of Abdullah Ocalan, the head terrorist who was imprisoned to death penalty and who wanted the PKK ''to give up arms for a democratic republic.'' The socalled congress stressed that the accession of new members to PKK decreased by 80-85 percent in 1999 compared to 1998 and the fugitives increased by 230 percent compared to 1998.
The congress was held in a big cave and nearly 900-1000 terrorists participated in it. The supporters of Osman Ocalan seemed to be more than others. Osman Ocalan defends the view that ''PKK should not carry out armed struggle anymore and pursue political activities for an independent state.''
A report in which 1999 was evaluated was also taken up in the socalled congress. The report noted that: ''PKK lost respect and support after the capture of its head. Nearly 14 million dollars were seized by traitorous members. 8 million dollars were spent for armament, 1 million dollars for training and shelter and 2 million dollars for propaganda. A total of 325 members who cheated PKK were killed. The aids coming from Iran, Armenia and Iraq can keep PKK alive.''
 PRESIDENT DEMIREL AND PREMIER ECEVIT ISSUE MESSAGES UPON JANUARY 10 WORKING JOURNALISTS DAYANKARA, Jan 10 (A.A) - President Suleyman Demirel and Premier Bulent Ecevit issued messages upon January 10, Working Journalists Day.
President Demirel said that the Turkish press developed very rapidly despite certain delays in the legal regulations.
Presidentail Press Centre quoted Demirel as saying ''the Turkish press can determine its borders itself and this is a very pleasing development.''
''However it is not easy to say that the press members reached the life standart, social and economic conditions they deserve despite the difficult mission they have undertaken. The deficiencies in this issue should be completed as soon as possible and enter into force,'' he added.
Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit said in his part that the Turkish press contributed a lot to the national unity and secular and democratic Republic.
''The Turkish press also monitors the foreign affairs closely and informs the public opinion about them,'' he added, congratulating the press members.
 TUSIAD CHAIRMAN YUCAOGLU:''TURKEY NEEDS COMPANIES WHICH CAN COMPETE IN GLOBAL WORLD''ISTANBUL, Jan 10 (A.A) - Erkut Yucaoglu, the Executive Board Chairman of the Association of Turkish Industrialists and Businessmen (TUSIAD) said on Monday that Turkey needs companies that compete in the global world and noted that company-bank mergings must be encouraged.
Commenting about the transfer of five banks to Savings Deposit Fund, Yucaoglu said having 100 percent state guarantee over savings was wrong.
''In Europe, a bank is allowed to make banking transactions after it proves itself. The same did not happen in Turkey. There is state guarantee and banks were allowed to be set up with minimum capital,'' he commented.
The new banking law, if implemented according to world norms, will bring a rational structure to the sector and some mergings are necessary for this formation, he explained.
''We are expecting bank mergings during the restructuralization process in financial sector. Big size companies are competing in the global market and Turkey needs companies which can take place in the global world. Turkish companies must cooperate in some sectors,'' he said.
 COE QUAKE RAPPORTEUR TO VISIT TURKEYSTRASBOURG, Jan 10 (A.A) - Rapporteur Larszlo Surjan, who was appointed by the Council of Europe (COE) following the quake in Marmara region of Turkey on August 17, will visit Turkey between 12-16 January.
Hungarian parliamentarian Surjan will make observations in the quake struck region after meeting with high ranking officials in Ankara and Istanbul.
The report and the recommendatory decision he will prepare, will be discussed and voted by the COE Parliamentary Assembly in the general council meeting to be held at the end of January in Strasbourg.
European Social Fund, which acts as the bank of COE, had decided to give a credit worth of 300 million EUROs to Turkey by low interest rate following the quake in Turkey.
 PRESIDENT DEMIREL:''TURKEY MUST HAVE AN EXTENSIVE AGRICULTURAL REFORM''ANKARA, Jan 10 (A.A) - President Suleyman Demirel said on Monday that Turkey, during its integration process with the EU, must also have an extensive agricultural reform besides other fields.
''Turkey, due to the changing world conditions, must bring new regulations to stock breeding and agricultural policies. This has become a must,'' he said.
''Important developments took place in Turkey in modernization of agriculture, its mechanization and increasing of productivity. The percentage of people who make their living from agriculture dropped from 80 percent to 40 percent. Our schools which give agricultural education and training has a big role in this,'' he noted.
Today, with almost half of the Turkish population making its living from agriculture, agricultural problems remain as an issue in Turkey's agenda, Demirel said.
''We must drop the population of people who make their living from agriculture to the level of developed countries. In the EU, this figure is only 8 percent. When compared to the EU, it becomes apparent that agricultural employment rate is too high and productivity is too low in Turkey. Problems that might be faced while working on this issue can be solved through industrialization,'' Demirel went on to say.
Another point is that people who make their living from agriculture get a very little share from national income, he stressed. ''Turkey must make the best use of its present potential and take measures to increase agricultural productivity to reach agricultural targets,'' Demirel said.
 TURKISH AMBASSADOR IN BERLIN VISITS BERLIN STATE PRESIDENT EBERHARD DIEPGENBERLIN, Jan 10 (A.A) - Tugay Ulucevik, the Turkish Ambassador to Berlin paid a visit of courtesy to Eberhard Diepgen, the Berlin State President on Monday.
During the visit, Diepgen noted that a great number of Turks lived in Berlin and stressed that speaking German and receiving vocational training made adjustment easier.
Ulucevik said he agreed with Diepgen about the importance of speaking German. He asked Diepgen to inform the Turkish citizens about the German language test that is required to be taken to become a German citizen.
Ulucevik also thanked Diepgen for the earthquake aid sent by German people.
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