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Anadolu Agency: News in English, 00-05-18
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From: The Anadolu Agency Home Page at <http://www.anadoluajansi.com.tr/>ANADOLU AGENCY
18 MAY 2000 Thursday
 TURKEY-PRESS SCANThese are some of the major headlines and their brief stories in Turkey's press on May 18, 2000. The Anadolu Ajansi does not verify these stories and does not vouch for their accuracy.
HURRIYET (LIBERAL)WORTH 35 YEARS OF PROMOTION
GALATASARAY, the winner of the UEFA Cup after Wednesday night's magnificent victory against Arsenal, put signature under a massive promotion of Turkey, which, as figures indicate, is worth 35 years of regular promotion campaigns. The match was broadcast live in 185 countries at a commercial cost of 3,5 billion U.S dollars. In European television channels last night, one second of commercial broadcasting was made at an average rate of 3,500 dollars.
FOUR DETAINED IN CONNECTION WITH
CIMBOM FEST FROM EAST TO WEST
MILLIYET (LIBERAL)SEZER CONGRATULATES GALATASARAY
President Ahmet Necdet Sezer released a message of congratulation addressed to the UEFA Cup winner Galatasaray. According to the statement made by the Presidential Press Office, Sezer said in his message that the victory of Galatasaray against Arsenal in the UEFA Cup final match cheered the whole nation greatly, and that he congratulated the champions with his most sincere feelings.
SEZER'S FIRST DAY
SECOND REFORM PACKAGE
SABAH (LIBERAL)NEW TARGETS OF TOURISM
The Tourism Ministry determined its new targets for the year 2000. The ministry will carry out promotion campaigns also in Poland, Ukraine, Omman, Jordan, Qatar, and Kazakhstan, following Israel and Greece. The Tourism Ministry is planning to open up offices in Qatar, Omman, and Jordan.
MORE RAMSTORES FOR MOSCOW
ONE LANDING IN EVERY TWO MINUTES
CUMHURIYET (LEFT)FOREIGN MINISTER CEM TO SEND LETTER TO KHARRAZI
The Turkish Foreign Ministry will let the Iranian Foreign Ministry know about Turkey's concerns and anxieties regarding the Iran-connections discovered in various mysterious assassination cases recently solved. A statement made on Wednesday by the Turkish Foreign Ministry said that a document, giving evidence of Iran involvement in various assassinations, and proving Iran to have supported Hezbollah activities, would be sent to Iranian Foreign Ministry. Foreign Minister Ismail Cem will address a letter to his Iranian counterpart Kamal Kharrazi, and express Turkey's concerns and anxieties over the newly revealed facts.
DOCUMENTS PROVE RP AND FP INVOLVEMENT
ECEVIT: ECONOMY SAVED FROM CRISIS
RADIKAL (LEFT)PERMANENT HOUSING UNITS READY
The Ministry of Public Works and Settelements opened a tender for the 15,490 permanent housing units which will be constructed in Kocaeli, Sakarya and Yalova that were devastated by the last year's massive quake. The 10,000 units which will be constructed in Istanbul and Duzce will later be put out to tender.
LETTER TO CLINTON
YENİ BİNYIL (LIBERAL)WE ARE THE BEST IN FOOTBALL
Galatasaray won the greatest victory of the Turkish football history. Galatasaray beat British Arsenal by 4-1 on the penalties and won the UEFA cup. Turkey became the best of Europe in football, but she is not still the best in human rights and economy.
HOOLIGANS ATTACK TURKISH JOURNALISTS
TURKIYE (RIGHT)WE WARN IRAN
The Hezbollah file prepared by the Ministry of Interior was submitted to the Foreign Ministry. When the investigation gets clearer, the relations with Iran will be re-evaluated. Foreign Ministry Deputy Spokesman Sermet Atacanlı said yesterday that the ministry has an extensive file on Hezbollah.
DARK CURTAIN ON MUMCU AND KISLALI MURDERS LIFTED
ZAMAN (CONSERVATIVE)TURKS' PRIDE
Galatasaray won the UEFA Cup by beating British Arsenal yesterday. People in Turkey rushed into streets to celebrate the victory of Galatasaray, but many people were wounded by gunfire. The parliament supported Galatasaray by two acting parliament speakers, six ministers and 162 deputies who went to Copenhagen to watch the match. All political leaders and President Ahmet Necdet Sezer congratulated Galatasaray for its success after the match.
DIPLOMATIC INITATIVE AGAINTS IRAN
 GALATASARAY COACH TERIM:''FROM NOW ON WE'LL BE REMEMBERED AS
THE FIRST TURKISH TEAM WHICH WON UEFA CUP''
COPENHAGEN - Fatih Terim, the coach of Galatasaray football team which beat British Arsenal, said on Wednesday night that ''from now on we will be remembered as the first Turkish football team which won the UEFA cup.''
This success of Galatasaray is very important for Turkey said Terim and added that ''this success will yield good results. We continued the match with 10 players in the extra time. We overcame that difficulty somehow. There was everything there in the name of football: belief, trust, struggle and solidarity. I hope this country will continue to be successful in other fields.''
Terim added that the world was bored of the same countries' getting the UEFA cup, noting that ''it is good for other teams to win the cup. We won this cup without being beaten in the championship. We can do everything with this perfect footballers. I also thank to the perfect spectators and the media which suppported us.''
 TURKEY-IMF-IMF TURKEY DESK CHIEF COTTARELLI HOPEFUL
ABOUT ANTI-INFLATIONIST PROGRAM
ANKARA, May, 18 (A.A) - Carlo Cottarelli, Chief of IMF's Turkey Desk said on Thursday, that Turkey could hit its inflation rate target by the end of the year 2000, if the inflation rate continued along its present tendency.
Cottarelli, who is in Turkey for a second revision of the economic program within the framework of the Stand-By rearrangements, told the A.A correspondent that the anti-inflationist program of the government had started yielding fruits, and that this April's inflatuion figures were the lowest of the past 13 years.
Cottarelli pointed out that not only the IMF, but also the World Bank supported Turkey's anti-inflationist program, and added that the World Bank support to the Economic Reform Loan (ERL) was a clear indication of this.
The Turkey Desk Chief of the IMF qualified Turkey's economic performance in the first quarter of the year 2000, as ''not good'', but ''perfect''.
Concerning the GSM privatisations, Cottarelli said that Turkey needed such income-generating measures as privatisation, and added that GSM privatisations constituted an important part of such measures.
Cottarelli said he had agreed to host the Turkey Director of World Bank and IMF officials in Ankara, and stressed that this would make it much easier for the secretariat to carry out its activities and studies.
Cottarelli said further that he was planning to meet with the representatives of the private sector in Istanbul before starting his official contacts in Ankara on Monday, and added, ''The private sector has a very important role in the implementation of this program. This is why I wanted to exchange views with the representatives of the private sector, on the re-arrangements made within the framework of the reform program.''
Cottarelli is to meet with officials from the State Planning Organisation, the Treasury, the Ministry of Finance, and Banking Regulation and Control Board.
Cottarelli, who is to leave Turkey at the end of May, will submit a ''Turkey Report'' and the ''Appendix to the Letter of Intent'' to discussions at the IMF Executive Directors Board meeting in July.
 BALANCE OF PAYMENTS-CURRENT ACCOUNT BUDGET HAS A DEFICIT OF 1,47 BILLION DOLLARS
ANKARA - The current account budget of Turkey had a deficit of 1,47 billion dollars in the first two months of 2000.
The current account balance had a surplus of 1,15 billion dollars in the same months of 1999.
A Central Bank statement said that the foreign trade deficit extended by 436.5 percent in January-February of this year compared to the same period last year.
The main reason of this is the increase of 41.6 percent in import expenditures but no increase in the export incomes in return to the increase in the shuttle trade by 43.5 percent.
 SPOILT FOOD POISONS 200 WORKERS IN INEGOLINEGOL - A total of 200 workers at a thread factory were poisoned by spoilt food, and were hospitalised, officials said on Thursday.
The A.A correspondent reported that the evening shift workers at Bursa, Inegol's I.S.K.O Inc. Thread Factory, were poisoned by the food they ate late Wednesday.
Of the 200 poisoned workers, 27 were hospitalised at the Inegol State hospital, aünd the 173 others were taken to the Inegol SSK Hospital. Nine workers, whose conditions were reported as being critical, were transferred to the Bursa SSK Hospital.
Officials said samples of the food served to the workers were taken to the Provincial Directorate of Health for examination.
 NEW PLANT SPECIES DISCOVERED IN GEVNE VALLEYIZMIR - A new plant species were discovered on Thursday in Gevne Valley between Konya and Alanya provinces as a result of the scientific research that was carried out by Association of Rural Environment and Forestry Problems.
The research was carried out in that 25-kilometer valley by the support of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
Yucel Caglar, the Chairman of the Association said that totally 379 species were discovered in the valley.
A total of 113 of them are endemic (only grow in Turkey), and eight of them can only grow in Gevne valley. ''Pentanema Alanyense,'' is considered as a new species in the world.
Caglar added that they exert efforts to prevent villagers from giving damage to these new species of plants discovered in Gevne Valley.
 FIRST INTERNATIONAL THEATRE FESTIVAL OF COUNTRIESHAVING COASTS TO BLACK SEA CONTINUES
TRABZON - The First International Theatre Festival of Countries Having Coasts to Black Sea'' continues in north eastern province of Trabzon.
Today Trabzon State Theatre will perform ''Kadıncıklar'' (Poor Women) and Bulgarian Varna Puppet Theatre will stage the play ''Sad Prince'' on Thursday. Moldovian Theatre will stage ''Don Juan'' play on Friday.
Ukranian, Romanian, Russian and Georgian Theatres will stage many plays during the festival.
Meanwhile, the Sixth Black Sea Countries' Inter-Universities Folk Dance Festival will be held between 20-24 May.
 PRICELESS ALEXANDREIA TROAS COIN STARTS TO BE EXHIBITEDAT SANLIURFA MUSEUM
SANLIURFA - Alexandreia Troas coin which belongs to the Hellenistic period between B.C. 189-77 started to be exhibited at Sanliurfa Museum on Thursday.
Museum Director Eyup Bucak said, the museum administration purchased many old coins and etnographic objects from people in return of a total of 29 billion Turkish Liras in the first five months of the year.
Sanliurfa Museum which opened in 1969 moved to a new building in 1987 and it draws attention from both by local and foreign tourists, Bucak said.
The museum possesses a collection of 67,000 pieces which were collected in the past 30 years through excavations, donations or purchases.
Bucak said the recently purchased Alexandreia Troas coin is invaluable because of its rarity.
 ENVIRONMENT MINISTER AYTEKIN:-''TURKEY HAS TO REVIEW ITS REGULATIONS TO INTEGRATE WITH THE EU''
ANKARA - Fevzi Aytekin, the Environment Minister, said on Thursday that Turkey has to review its regulations to integrate with the European Union (EU).
Aytekin received Jean Francois Verstrynge, the EU Commission Environment Deputy General Director, and the accompanying delegation.
Turkey, whose EU candidacy was officially announced, has to abide by the EU conditions, Aytekin noted.
Aytekin said, ''the EU started its negotiations firstly with the Environment Ministry. This indicates the importance that the EU attributes to the environment. Turkey is launching initiatives regarding the environment and will continue to do so.''
Verstrynge said that they welcome Turkey's participation in the environmental initiatives.
They met with the environment experts of the ministries, universities and the non-governmental organizations on Wednesday, Verstrynge noted.
Verstrynge stated that they will hold contacts regarding the enlargement of the EU and the Black Sea Environment Program which is pioneered by Turkey.
They attribute importance to this program, Verstrynge said.
Verstrynge stressed that they will discuss Turkey's role in getting adapted to the environment process for Europe, participation in the encouragement programs of the LIFE projects, and the Environment Agency during their contacts.
Turkey has recorded significant developments in environment, and Turkey has to abide by and implement more than 250 EU regulations on environment to become an EU member, Verstrynge emphasized.
Verstrynge said that to this end, they attribute vital importance to the fortification of the Environment Ministry because overcoming such a hard burden can only be possible by administrative structuring.
The delegation also included George Strongylis, the Chairman of the EU Commission Environment General Directorate Department.
Karen Fogg, the EU Commission's Turkey Representative, and Selim Yenel, the Chairman of Foreign Ministry EU General Directorate Department, accompanied the EU delegation.
 DOCTOR TUNCAY DURUOZ GIVEN ''YOUNG RESEARCHER'' AWARD OFEUROPEAN COMMISSION
KAYSERI - Doctor Tuncay Duruoz from Celal Bayar University's Rehabilitation Department won the ''Young Researcher'' award of Rheumatic Diseases Clinical Data Evaluation Group of the European Commission.
Duruoz was given the award for developing two methods called ''Istanbul Back Pain Functional Scale'' (IBAFS) and ''Duruoz's Hand Indes (DHI) which measures the problems in hand functions in patients with rheumatic arthritis.
A group of five people from Ottowa, Amsterdam, Queensland, Stanford and Harward universities decided to give the award to Duruoz upon the proposal of Canadian professor Cleaire Bombardie.
Duruoz said his researches will increase the life quality of patients which receive physical therapy because of rheumatism.
 BALANCE OF PAYMENTS (2)ANKARA - Shuttle trade increased by 43.5 percent and reached 406 million U.S. dollars in the January-February term of 2000.
The figure was 283 million U.S. dollars last year during the same period.
According to the information released by the Central Bank, the export income in terms of FOB was 4 billion 459 million U.S. dollars including shuttle trade last year in January and February. This year, the export income increased by 5 percent and reached 4 billion 683 million U.S. dollars.
Gold import which was 107 billion U.S. dollars in the first two months of last year increased 154.2 percent and rose to 272 million U.S. dollars.
Including gold import, import in terms of Free On Board (FOB) increased from 4 billion 911 million U.S. dollars to 7 billion 108 million U.S. dollars with a 44.7 percent increase in the first two months of 2000.
As a result, foreign trade deficit increased by 436.5 percent and reached 2 billion 425 million U.S. dollars.
Tourism expenses, in January and February, rose by 13.9 percent and became 435 million U.S. dollars. Interest income, in the same period, increased by 2.4 percent and reached 341 million U.S. dollars.
Goods and service income decreased by 24.4 percent and dropped to 1 billion 595 million U.S. dollars.
Workers income also dropped by 5 percent and became 744 million U.S. dollars in January-February term of this year.
The net investment made in Turkey by Turkish citizens living abroad increased 337 million U.S. dollars and reached 462 million U.S. dollars in the same period of this year.
The investment made in foreign countries by Turkish people living in Turkey increased 449 million U.S. dollars and became 541 million U.S. dollars.
As a result, there was a net 79 million U.S. dollar increase in direct investments.
In portfolio investments, in the first two months of the year, a total of 1 billion 735 million U.S. dollar net borrowing was done from international capital markets through bond export.
There was a 79 million U.S. dollar net increase this year in January and February in long term capital movements. Last year, this amount was 168 million U.S. dollars.
Under this title, ''long term foreign currency credit usages'' increased from 1 billion 255 million U.S. dollars to 1 billion 864 million U.S. dollars.
The increase was mostly because there was a 171 million U.S. dollar increase in banks' borrowing, there was a 341 million U.S. dollar increase in the government's borrowing and there was a 439 million U.S. dollar increase in borrowing of other sectors.
Reimbursement of capital in January and February of 2000, incresaed from 1 billion 490 million U.S. dollars to 2 billion 72 million U.S. dollars.
The credits provided by banks last year in January and February was 617 million U.S. dollars and it decrased to 18 million U.S. dollars in the same period of this year.
 BOSTANCIOGLU PRESENTS AWARDS TO WINNING STUDENTS OF''EUROPE AT SCHOOL'' COMPETITION
ANKARA - National Education Metin Bostancioglu on Thursday presented their awards to winning students of the painting and composition competition titled ''21st Century Citizen: A United Europe''.
Speaking at a ceremony, Bostancioglu said the Council of Europe organized competitions every year at several schools in the framework of the ongoing project ''Europe at School.''
The competitions aim to raise awareness among students of participating countries about human rights, democracy, and respect to law, Bostancioglu said. He also noted that these activities prepare students to take responsibilities and play an active role in the forming of a democratic Europe.
A total of 18 students became successful in the competition all throughout Turkey.
Quoting Ataturk's famous phrase ''Peace at home, peace in the world,'' Bostanci said the Council of Europe is today expressing this ideal.
Education is essential for stability, democracy and peace, he said and added that education's main goal is to make people ''respect to differences.'' ''To create a European citizen, first xenophobia must be removed from societies,'' Bostancioglu said.
 PREMIER ECEVIT:-''ONE OF THE PRIOR CONDITIONS TO REACH ATATURK'S TARGET IS
FAITHFULLNESS TO SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC''
ANKARA - Premier Bulent Ecevit said on Thursday that one of the prior conditions to reach Ataturk's target of surpassing the modern civilization, is faithfullness to the secular democratic republic.
Ecevit issued a congratulatory message on the occassion of May 19 Youth and Sports Day.
Ecevit said that Ataturk was determined to make the Turkish nation independent when he was leaving Samsun for Anadolu on May 19, 1999.
''He believed that he could achieve his target despite the severe conditions because he trusted the Turkish nation. When he decided to entrust the reform he started and the state he established to the youth, he believed that the light of modern education and science would give force to the Turkish youth in fulfilling the requirements of this trust,'' Ecevit said.
Ecevit added, ''to this end, Ataturk attributed vital importance to education and science. The education reform launched in 1997, is a further step taken in the path of Great Leader. I congratulate the May 19 Youth and Sports Day of all Turkish young people, our sportsmen and all our citizens.''
 LABOUR AND SOCIAL SECURITY MINISTER OKUYAN:-''UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE TAKES ITS PLACE IN WORKING LIFE''
ANKARA - Yasar Okuyan, the Labour and Social Security Minister, said on Thursday that the ''Unemployment Insurance'' took its place in working life with the Social Security Law No: 447.
Okuyan spoke in the ''International Seminar on Unemployment Insurance'' organized by the Confederation of Turkish Employers' Unions (TISK).
Requesting employers and employees to reach a compromise on labour security, Okuyan said that he will immediately sign the draft law which will be prepared after employers and employees reach a consensus.
Okuyan noted that also, the prevention of unregistered economy was included in the Social Security Law.
Unemployment insurance is one of the important means of the social security system, and as the law on unemployment insurance took effect, the problems resulting from unemployment, have started to be overcome, Okuyan stated.
Okuyan stressed that the premium cut for the unemployment insurance fund will start as of June 1, 2000 and the unemployment insurance will firstly be paid in March 2002.
They are trying to complete the necessary preparations for the implementation of the insurance, Okuyan emphasized.
Okuyan pointed out that they have re-structured the Employment Authority under the name ''Turkish Is-Kur'' and that the initiatives regarding the draft law on the prevention of employing illegal foreign workers, are at the last stage.
They are exerting many initiatives to prevent the unregistered employement, Okuyan said.
Okuyan noted that they will launch control campaign in textile sector in the following days.
They are waiting for the contributions of the employers and employees in preparing new draft laws on working life from now on, Okuyan said.
Okuyan added that they want to exert joint efforts.
 FOREIGN EXCHANGE RESERVES OF CENTRALBANK INCREASE BY 792 MILLION U.S. DOLLARS
ANKARA - The foreign exchange reserves of the Central Bank increased to 23 billion 279 million U.S. dollars on May 12, 2000.
The Central Bank data shows that the foreign exchange reserves, which was 22 billion 487 million U.S. dollars on May 5, increased 792 million U.S. dollars to 23 billion 279 million U.S. dollars as of May 12.
Meanwhile, according to the April 28-based statistics, Turkey's total international gross reserves were 36 billion 195 million U.S dollars.
The international gross reserves of Turkey were 37 billion 644 million U.S. dollars on April 7.
As of April 28, Turkey's international reserves were composed of 1 billion 11 million U.S. dollars in gold reserves; 12 billion 848 million U.S. dollars in the Central Bank's foreign exchange reserves; and 22 billion 337 million U.S. dollars in the commercial banks' foreign exchange reserves.
 TURKEY REPAYS 446.02 MILLION U.S. DOLLARSIN FOREIGN DEBT BETWEEN MAY 1 AND 17
ANKARA - Turkey repaid a total of 446.02 million U.S. dollars in external debt between May 1 and 17, 2000.
The Central Bank data shows that the Treasury repaid 382.30 million U.S. dollars; the Central Bank repaid 18.09 million U.S. dollars; the administrations with general and added budgets repaid 45.63 million U.S. dollars in foreign debt between May 1 and 3, 2000.
Meanwhile, a total of 4 billion 182.09 million U.S. dollars of foreign debt has been repaid since the beginning of the year.
 AZERBAIJANI PRESIDENT ALIYEV SENDS MESSAGE OF CONGRATULATIONTO SEZER AFTER GALATASARAY'S VICTORY
BAKU - Azerbaijani President Haydar Aliyev sent a message of congratulation to President Ahmet Necdet Sezer after Galatasaray won the EUFA Cup on Wednesday.
''I share your joy and congratulate you and our Turkish brothers. I wish success to Galatasaray football team,'' Aliyev said.
In the meantime, Azerbaijani press gave wide coverage to Galatasaray's victory.
 DUTCH AMBASSADOR GOSSES SAYS HIS COUNTY WANTS TO MAKEAGRICULTURAL INVESTMENT IN SOUTH EASTERN TURKEY
DIYARBAKIR - Deutch Ambassador to Turkey Sjoerd Gosses said on Thursday that they want to make agricultural investments in South Eastern Anatolia.
Ambassador Gosses visited Diyarbakir Mayor Feridun Celik and told him that they are ready to meet businessmen and institutions in the region to start a cooperation in agriculture.
He also noted that they are in good relations with 300,000 Turkish citizens who live in the Netherlands.
Gosses also congratulated Galatasaray football team for winning the UEFA Cup.
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