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Anadolu Agency: News in English, 00-05-23
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From: The Anadolu Agency Home Page at <http://www.anadoluajansi.com.tr/>ANADOLU AGENCY
23 MAY 2000 Tuesday
 TURKEY-PRESS SCANThese are some of the major headlines and their brief stories in Turkey's press on May 23, 2000. The Anadolu Ajansi does not verify these stories and does not vouch for their accuracy.
HURRIYET (LIBERAL)CONDEMNATION FROM IRAN
The Iranian Foreign Ministry condemned the arrests of Iranian citizens in Turkey. Turan Morali, Turkey's ambassador in Tehran was summoned to the Iranian Foreign Ministry to provide Iranian officials with information on the arrests of Iranian citizens by Turkish security teams. Moralı, said that Iranian officials had been telling stories about mistreated Iranian citizens in Turkey, and that they were also making allegations that Iranian citizens detained in Turkey were being tortured by the Turkish police, and that becaus e of these reasons, the Iranian detainees had to be released immediately. Morali said he had told Iranian officials that both Turkish and Iranian officials had to preserve their objectivity and calmness before displaying emotional reactions.
FAKE DOLLARS WORTH TRILLIONS
TUSIAD LOBBYING IN FRANCE
MILLIYET (LIBERAL)A TURKISH DOCTOR'S SUCCESS
Assistant Professor Mehmet Tuncay Duruoz from Celal Bayar University's Faculty of Medicine was awarded as the 'Young Researcher' by France, at an international meeting between May 4 and 7 in Tolouse. The results of his research on rheumatology was applauded enthusiastically by tens of rheumatology experts from around the world.
DEAD HEZBOLLAH TERRORISTS IDENTIFIED
PEACE OPERATION IN THE AEGEAN
SABAH (LIBERAL)TURKISH FISHERMAN DETAINED
Romanian Coast Guards opened fire on Turkish fishermen, allegedly fishing in the territorial waters of Romania. According to the statement made by the Romanian Coast Guard Command, the coast guard teams first addressed a warning to the Turkish fishermen, then opened fire on them. The 16 fishermen on board the boat were detained.
ILLEGAL WORKERS IN CUSTODY
COTTARELLI: 'TURKEY'S INDUSRIAL GROWTH RATE CAN REACH 9%'
CUMHURIYET (LEFT)ECEVIT SAYS RUSSIAN-TURKMEN COOPERATION NOT TO EFFECT BAKU-CEYHAN
Ankara closely follows military cooperation of Vladimir Putin with Uzbekistan, and the development of energy cooperation of Russia with Turkmenistan. The possibility of transporting Turkmen natural gas to Turkey with a pipeline that will be planted under the Caspian, is now away from the agenda. Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit said, ''Russia and Turkmenistan have not signed a natural agreement so far. We have very positive relations with Russia and Turkmenistan. We are ready to purchase the natural gas that will come from Turkmenistan. Also, it is out of question for Baku-Ceyhan pipeline to be affected by this.''
ASSURANCES FROM FM CEM
RADIKAL (LEFT)DRUGS WORTH OF FOUR TRILLION TURKISH LIRAS SEIZED IN HAKKARI
Big amounts of base morphine and heroin which had a market value of four trillion Turkish Liras were seized in Hakkari's Yukselova and Istanbul's Bagcilar districts. Van Security Directorate's Smuggling and Anti-Terrorism teams found 186 kilos of base morphine in a house. The morphine had a market value of two trillion Turkish Liras. In another operation carried out in Istanbul's Bagcilar district, police seized 187 kilos of heroin which were packed to be sent to Britain. Two guns and 10,000 German Marks were also found with the heroin which also had a market value of two trillion Turkish Liras.
TURKEY TO BE SOON PRESSURED OVER ITS HUMAN RIGHTS
YENI BINYIL (LIBERAL)IMF TURKEY DESK CHIEF PRAISES TURKISH ECONOMY
IMF Turkey Desk Chief, Carlo Cottarelli said Turkey could reach the targeted inflation rate of 25 percent by the end of the year. ''We don't feel a need to revise economic targets. We didn't even discuss this issue,'' he said. Cottarelli said industry production will increase by nine percent in 2000. He also added that they don't see current account deficit as a danger for Turkish economy, an issue which worries economy experts.
IZMIR METRO OPENS TO PEOPLE
TURKIYE (RIGHT)TENSION WITH IRAN
Statements of conspirators which said the orders were coming from Iran, tensed relations with Tehran. Ankara is expecting a statement from Iranian Foreign Minister Kamal Kharrazi.
Meanwhile, Iran summoned Turan Morali, Turkey's Ambassador to Iran, to Iranian Foreign Ministry related with the Iranians who were claimed to be taken into custody in Turkey.
NEW ECONOMIC PACKAGE IN TRNC
The economic package was prepared by the coalition government established by the National Unity Party (UBP) and Communal Liberation Party (TKP).
The target of the economic package is fortifying the socio-economic system and preventing repetition of the crisis which was experienced recently.
The package called on non-governmental organizations, political parties, and all concerned institutions and organizations to support the program.
ZAMAN (CONSERVATIVE)FIRST STEP TOWARD ''YESIL''
People are gradually getting more curious following the statements of Interior Minister Sadettin Tantan which said, ''the real bomb will explode soon.'' Those who are interested in the incidents began to think, ''is the bomb Yesil?''
Following the statements of Tantan, it was reported that Zakir Selvi, Yesil's aide, was captured. The main goal of the police is to capture Yesil.
Meanwhile, Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit said there was no reason to be suspicious regarding the conflicts in the confessions of the people who were captured within the framework of Umut Operation.
POISONOUS GAS DANGER IN YATAGAN
 CAPITAL MARKET BOARD ACCEPTS TURKCELL'S OFFERING TO PUBLICISTANBUL - The Capital market Board (SPK) approved on Monday, the offering of Turkcell to public.
A letter addressed to the Chairmanship of the Stock Exchange by Vice Chairman of SPK Sinan Alp, made reference to the application made on April 18 for the offering of GSM operator Turkcell to public.
According to the application, Turkcell's capital will be increased from 43 trillion Turkish Liras to 240 trillion, and after that, some of the partners will offer about 15 percent of their shares to the public.
The share bills to be offered directly by the shareholders, will be offered to the public by a consortium to be led by the Yapi Kredi Investment Stock Exchange Inc. at home, and by a union to be led by Goldman Sachs and Morgan Stanley Dean Witter abroad.
 TURKEY TO BUILD SHIPS FOR CUBA-CUBAN FISHING AND MARITIME TRADE MINISTER IN TURKEY
ISTANBUL - Orlando Rodriguez Romay, Cuban Fishing and Maritime Trade Minister, and Ramazan Mirzaoglu, State Minister Responsible for Maritime, signed a ''good will protocol'' for the 13 ships planned to be built in Turkey.
Addressing a news conference, Mirzaoglu recalled that he visited Cuba this month together with a delegation composed of ship industrialists, aiming to improve cooperation and trade with Cuba on maritime issue.
Mirzaoglu said during the visit, they held contacts regarding the construction of the ships Cuba demanded, and regarding maintenance and repair of some other ships.
Mirzaoglu said he visited shipyards in Tuzla together with Orlando Rodriguez Roman, Cuba's Fishing and Maritime Trade Minister, today, and noted that they decided for the construction of ships, which Cuba demanded, in Turkey.
Stressing that technical talks were underway positively, Mirzaoglu said, ''when we reach a concrete agreement, we will construct the ships, which Cuba demanded, in Turkish shipyards. This is a very important development about our shipyards because our shipyards work in low capacity due to the economic crisis.''
Mirzaoglu said the most modern shipyard of Europe was in Tuzla, adding that, ''private sector owns it. It is very dynamic, and has a perfect technical equipment. Our shipyards have the capacity to compete with the world and Europe.''
Mirzaoglu said during his visit to Cuba, he held contacts pertaining to the captain of Turkish ship Cemre 1, and its 22 crew who had gone to Cuban capital city on January 26, 2000 and who were kept there since then.
Cemre Navigation Firm's ship Cemre-1 and its 22 crew members were kept as hostage in Cuba as they couldn't bring the cargo to Cuba on time.
Pointing out that foreign ministry representative in this country held contacts immediately after the incident, yet could not obtain a positive result, Mirzaoglu said he launched initiatives during his visit.
Mirzaoglu said, ''we also held talks with Cuban minister and the accompanying delegation in this respect. Crew, appointed by Cuba, will go to the ship on Wednesday and our sailors will be released. They will be in Turkey on Thursday.''
Speaking about the boating diseaster in Besikduzu in the Black Sea Trabzon province, Mirzaoglu said the death toll rose to 35 and that 15 people were injured. He said there were still three people missing, adding that ships belonging to Coastal Guard Ship Rescue General Directorate were immediately sent to the spot to attend search and rescue efforts.
He said ''Sonduren 3'', and ''Sonduren 11'' ships were looking for the missing citizens, and noted that four fishing boats and a helicopter accompanied them.
When asked if he would go to Cuba again for the agreement, Mirzaoglu said, ''I will go if necessary. With the agreement, we will find a way to Central America and Carabian Sea as well as Cuba. He said, ''thus, Turkish maritime will have the facilities to open to the world. Turkish maritime will have activities and trade in international dimensions. Private sector managed to do this. As the state, we are lifting the problems in front of the initiatives.''
When asked how many ships would be constructed for Cuba and the financial cost, Mirzaoglu said 13 ships, including cargo ship, containier, tow boat, and oil tanker, and noted that the initial cost would be 200-240 million U.S. dollars.
Responding to another question about the establishment of Maritime Ministry, Mirzaoglu said, ''we will set up Maritime Ministry. There is not such a ministry in the government protocol. Yet, leaders of three coalition partner parties, upon our initiatives, ordered for the establishment of Maritime Ministry in December 1999. Efforts are under way. We planned to pass the studies from Council of Ministers at the end of July, and submit it to the Parliament. The Maritime Ministry will be established in the year 2000.''
When asked about the two Turkish fishermen who were kept in Ukraine, Mirzaoglu said Foreign Ministry was informed about the incident, and noted that Foreign Ministry carried out contacts in this respect.
 TURKEY TO BE UNDER INFLUENCE OF COLD AND RAINY WEATHERANKARA- Starting as of Wednesday, Turkey will be under the infuence of cold and rainy weather coming from the Balkans.
General Directorate of State Meteorological Affairs pointed out that heavy rainstorm is expected in internal parts of the country. The showers will be influential particularly in Central Anatolia, western Black Sea, and internal parts of the Mediterranean. The rainy weather will be effective in eastern regions on May 26.
Temperatures will decrease 8-10 degrees throughout the country. The rainly weather will leave Turkey at the weekend, and temperatures will increase.
 AMBASSADOR ONUR OYMEN, PERMANENT REPRESENTATIVE OF TURKEY TO NATO:''DEVELOPMENTS PERTAINING TO THE ESDI ARE NOT SATISFACTORY''
BRUSSELS - Ambassador Onur Oymen, Permanent Representative of Turkey to NATO said on Tuesday that certain developments pertaining to the European Security and Defense Identity (ESDI) are not very satisfactory from the standpoint of Turkey.
Ambassador Oymen, who made a statement to the A.A correspondent prior to the NATO Foreign Ministers Meeting in Florence, said that this meeting carried great importance, in that the participating ministers would be taking up a number of issues of primary importance, including the latest developments in Bosnia and Kosovo, and the former Yugoslav republics, and that these discussions were highly important for Turkey, as a country attaching major importance to the Balkans.
Noting that the participants would be revising the resolutions pertaining to the ESDI, taken during the Washington Summit, Oymen added that one other topic of great significance would be the alliance's relations with Moscow.
Oymen pointed out that Turkey regarded it a priority to take up the ESDI in the first place, since ''The European Union does not yet have a definite defense and security policy'', and added that the union was most likely to have come up with a permanent system by the end of this year.
''In this regard, Turkey has certain expectations. Turkey wants, in particular, to have NATO-EU relations based on concrete, healthy grounds. We are in favor of the preservation of and compliance with the agreements reached at the Washington Summit, according to which, the non-EU member NATO allies have to be included in the security system as foreseen by the ESDI, Oymen said. ''The most important among the resolutions taken at the end of the Washington Summit is probably the one that foresees the building of a common structure between NATO and the Western European Union upon existing grounds. However, the European Union has not yet reached a position where it can display full compliance with the Washington Resolutions.''
''If an EU operation seems likely to effect one NATO ally's security, then the union will have to listen to what that ally will have to say. For the time being, it is yet impossible to say that the developments within the EU are satisfactory from this standpoint,'' he added.
Touching on the structure of the NATO troops in Kosovo and Bosnia, Oymen said that the structure of these troops could change from time to time, that the Supreme Allied Commander Europe General (SACEUR) could demand for additional troops from the participating countries when necessary, and that each and every one of the countries involved, would try and meet this demand as much as they could.
''Turkey has about one thousand soldiers functioning in Kosovo. This is a considerable military presence,'' he said, adding that, ''The government and military officials will make an assessment on the question if more turkish soldiers might be needed.''
Oymen said the positive effect of the process of rapprochement between Turkey and Greece were clearly visible within the alliance, and that Turkey and Greece were working in harmony in many different fields.
''It is hard to say that we have always been in full accord with Greece. Turkey and Greece have had different, even conflicting views and opinions in the past, and some of them remain unsettled. But a general outlook of the latest condition of Turkey's relations with Greece is an optimistic picture,'' Öymen said. ''A healthy process of dialogue has taken start. These are very hope inspiring developments. For the time being, I don't think it necessary to operate the 'Security Strengthening Measures', because the dialog ue process seems to work out fine. The relations between the two countries are warm enough not to necessitate this mechanism.''
Oymen concluded his words by saying that Turkey was one of the key countries within the alliance.
 NATO'S AND ESDI'S FUTURES TO BE DISCUSSED IN FLORENCEMEETINGS ON WEDNESDAY
ANKARA - NATO Ministers Council meeting will start in the Italian city of Florence on Wednesday with the participation of foreign ministers of member countries.
Diplomatic sources said the two day meeting is especially important in a time in which the alliance is preparing scenerios for the future.
Starting from the first years of the Cold War, NATO guaranteed the defense and security of the West. Since the reasons for its foundation are no longer existing, NATO is now working to preserve its role in international relations through new tasks and structuring.
Turkey, which has been a NATO member for 48 years, is intensifying its political and diplomatic contacts in order to have an effective role in NATO's new missions as well as in European Security and Defense Identity (ESDI). ESDI, an issue which is widely discussed in NATO in the last decade, is expected to be the most important point of the meeting in Florence.
In fact, Europe's efforts to have more authority in its own defense has a longer history than only one decade. During the Cold War, Europe was completely dependent on the U.S. in conventional and nuclear weapons. This caused the U.S. to have authority in all security related decisions in Europe. Western Europeans whose economies suffered in the Second World War did not want to make defense expenses, therefore they transferred most of their security related rights to the U.S.
The U.S. and Europe were not always in full harmony in their military and diplomatic cooperation. European countries did not always support American policies as Washington expected them to. Europe was not active and disappointed the U.S. while the U.S. supported Israel in 1973, or when the tension between Libya and the U.S. reached its top point in 1986.
In a short time, Europeans started questioning how much risk the U.S. wants to take for their security. In the same year, American people started criticizing the expenses made by Washington, D.C. for Europe's security. The voices of rejection coming from both sides were not taken too seriously during the Cold War.
The developments which took place in the Soviet Union and East Europe showed that, for the first time since 1945, the continent has the chance to overcome political and ideological conflicts. After the Second World War, the system in Europe had to be restructured. And NATO was the leading institution which had to deal with issues such as restructuring in Europe, reviewing missions and expansion.
Expansion strategy, Peace for Partnership project, new threats directed at European continent proved that NATO was not excluded from the system and it continued to exist by adapting itself to new conditions and overtaking new missions.
Prior to Florence meeting, academic circles and diplomatic sources agree that NATO strengthenend its position in the new system. The next problem NATO has to deal with is to materialize ESDI which might help NATO, but NATO has to do this without making itself vulnerable to threats.
EDSI, following years long discussions, started to gain clarity and it began to be institutionalized. In 1992, the European Union gave new missions such as humanitarian aid and rescue missions to Western European Union (WEU) and announced that it accepts WEU as its defense wing. According to this, WEU became a leader in some operations concerning Europe's security. Strategy experts that this ''two headed'' approach in Europe's security might be dangerous.
European allies headed by France agree that they have to have more authority in their own defense issues. The U.S. administration seems to have no opposition to this initiative but insists that WEU has to remain within NATO. Diplomatic sources are saying that even the ''NATO fanatics'' who want the American influence to remain in Europe want a more ''fair'' distribution of defense expenses.
There are presently three basic obstacles in front of ESDI which will be delved deeply during Florence meeting.
The first problem is that the lack of communication and coordination among institutions. It is still not known what kind of a procedure WEU will follow with NATO and other institutions while deciding on an operation.
Meanwhile, NATO members who are not EU members such as Turkey are worried about being excluded from WEU's decision taking mechanism.
The second problem is the decreasing of defense expenses in EU countries. Academic circles claim that one of the biggest obstacles in front of EDSI is rooted from European's own policies. The drop in the defense expenses of the European continent is believed to be the biggest obstacle in front of forming a ''reliable and powerful'' European defense. Shortening of military service terms and shrinking of defense's share which is put aside from the budget in many EU countries, especially in Germany, is being debated.
Strategy experts are saying that even without the EDSI, the contribution of the U.S. in NATO's budget should be lightened by Europeans.
The third problem for ESDI is the difficulty to adopt a common attitude and take a decision among member countries in a crisis situation. EU's late response during Bosnia and Kosovo situations, differing views for a solution make it impossible to carry out a determined and fast operation during such times.
Experts are saying that WEU can gain experience within NATO by overtaking tasks regarding problems with secondary importance. They are saying that the existing problems can be solved in stages.
Under the light of all these developments, the Florence meeting will confirm that NATO is Europe's basic defense and security institution.
 GALATASARAY SOCCER TEAM IN ANKARAANKARA- Galatasaray Soccer Team arrived in Ankara on Tuesday.
The team, led by Faruk Suren, Chairman of the Club, included the players apart from Fatih Terim, the coach, and the foreign footballers.
The group will be received by Prime Minister Bulent Ecevit, and Devlet Bahceli, Deputy Prime Minister.
The team will later visit Parliament.
 CREDITS TO BE PROVIDED TO DAMAGED HOUSINGCOOPERATIVES AT LEAST 70 PERCENT COMPLETE
ANKARA - The members of housing cooperatives, whose constructions have been completed by at least 70 percent, and which have been damaged during the Marmara and the Duzce earthquakes, will be provided with credits at varying ranges, officials said on Tuesday.
The credit amount will be calculated by multiplying the completion rate of the construction with 6 billion Turkish Liras, which is the ceiling credit limit. The three decrees having the force of law, foreseeing amendments to the ''Law Pertaining to Measures and Aid to Compensate Natural Disaster Damage'' was published in today's edition of the Official Gazette.
 EXCAVATIONS RE-START IN THE HOUSE IN KARTAL DISTRICTISTANBUL - Excavations re-started in a house in Kartal district within the framework of the operation launched against terrorist Hezbollah organization. Previously, nine dead bodies had been found in the house.
Police formed security chain at 10:30 local time around the house where nine dead bodies were found.
Excavations started at around 11:10 local time with vehicles.
 STATE MINISTER BAL STARTS OFFICEANKARA - Faruk Bal, appointed to the seat emptied by State Minister Sadi Somuncuoglu, started office on Tuesday.
Bal will be furnished with information from the officials of bodies and institutions under the authority of his ministry.
 TMMOB STARTS INITIATIVE TO SAVE ZEUGMA ANCIENT CITYANKARA - Turkish Engineers and Architectures Chambers Union (TMMOB) requested President Ahmet Necdet Sezer to give them the sufficient time to save Zeugma ancient city which will remain under Birecik Dam.
TMMOB Chairman Oktay Ekinci sent a letter to Sezer noting that the city is one of Turkey's most important historical settlements. Ekinci said Zeugma is about to remain under Birecik dam and asked Sezer to interfere in this ''unfortunate process.''
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