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Voice of America, 97-09-05

Voice of America: Selected Articles Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Voice of America <gopher://gopher.voa.gov>


CONTENTS

  • [01] 2004 SUMMER OLYMPICS (S) BY ED HULA (LAUSANNE, SWITZERLAND)
  • [02] EURO STOCKS (S-ONLY) BY PAUL FRANCUCH (LONDON)
  • [03] FRIDAY'S EDITORIALS BY ANDREW N. GUTHRIE (WASHINGTON)
  • [04] GERRY ADAMS / IRELAND TALKS (L - ONLY) BY MAX RUSTON (NEW YORK)
  • [05] N-Y ECON WRAP (S & L) BY BRECK ARDERY (NEW YORK)
  • [06] OBIT: MOTHER TERESA...AND HER "SIMPLE PATH" BY CAROLYN WEAVER (WASHINGTON)
  • [07] RUSSIA STEPS UP FOREIGN ARMS SALES BY FRANK RONALDS (WASHINGTON)
  • [08] TURKEY / ISLAM (L-ONLY) BY AMBERIN ZAMAN (ANKARA)
  • [09] U-S-BOSNIA (S ONLY) BY RON PEMSTEIN (STATE DEPARTMENT)

  • [01] 2004 SUMMER OLYMPICS (S) BY ED HULA (LAUSANNE, SWITZERLAND)

    DATE=9/5/97
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-219459
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: ATHENS HAS WON THE RACE FOR THE 2004 SUMMER OLYMPICS, BEATING OUT FOUR OTHER CITIES IN VOTING BY THE INTERNATIONAL OLYMPIC COMMITTEE IN LAUSANNE, SWITZERLAND. ED HULA REPORTS.

    TEXT: THE FAVORITE IN THE VOTE BY THE I-O-C HAD BEEN ROME. BUT ATHENS LED THROUGH EACH OF THE FOUR ROUNDS OF BALLOTING. ELIMINATED FIRST WAS BUENOS AIRES, FOLLOWED BY CAPE TOWN, STOCKHOLM AND THEN ROME.

    GIANNA ANGELOPOULOS-DASKALAKI IS THE PRESIDENT OF THE ATHENS BID.

    // ANGELOPOULOS-DASKALAKI ACT //

    THIS VOTE IS A VICTORY FOR THE PEOPLE OF GREECE. THE NEW GREECE WON TODAY. WE THANK THE MEMBERS OF THE INTERNATIONAL OLYMPIC COMMITTEE FOR THIS VOTE OF CONFIDENCE.

    // END ACT //

    ATHENS LOST ITS LAST BID FOR THE OLYMPICS SEVEN YEARS AGO WHEN ATLANTA WON THE RIGHT TO HOST THE CENTENNIAL OLYMPICS COMMEMORATING THE 1896 GAMES IN ATHENS -- THE START OF THE MODERN OLYMPIAD.

    SINCE THEN, ATHENS HAS MADE IMPROVEMENTS TO ITS INFRASTRUCTURE THAT ARE VITAL TO THE OLYMPICS, SUCH AS BUILDING A NEW SUBWAY AND AIRPORT. (SIGNED)
    NEB/RRM-T
    05-Sep-97 4:23 PM EDT (2023 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [02] EURO STOCKS (S-ONLY) BY PAUL FRANCUCH (LONDON)

    DATE=9/5/97
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-219449
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: WESTERN EUROPEAN STOCK MARKETS FRIDAY TURNED IN ANOTHER MIXED PERFORMANCE. PAUL FRANCUCH HAS THE CLOSING FIGURES FROM LONDON.

    TEXT: UP AND DOWN IN REACTION TO VARIOUS BITS OF NEWS, STOCK MARKETS OF WEST EUROPE SHOWED NO CLEAR SIGNS OF DIRECTION FRIDAY.

    AFTER STRONG GAINS RACKED-UP IN EARLY TRADING, LONDON'S "FINANCIAL TIMES" 100 INDEX SETTLED BACK TO POST A MODEST GAIN OF JUST UNDER THREE POINTS FOR THE DAY. ZIG-ZAG TRADING ON WALL STREET WAS SEEN BY SOME ANALYSTS AS BEING A FACTOR IN LONDON'S LATE RETREAT. TRADERS IN PARIS TOO PULLED-BACK AFTER SUBSTANTIAL ADVANCES. THE FRENCH "CAC 40" INDEX CLOSED WITH A LOSS OF TWO-AND-A-HALF POINTS. TRADING IN FRANKFURT AS MEASURED BY THE "DAX 30" INDEX OF STOCKS REFLECTED EARLY DAY CONFIDENCE. THAT INDEX POSTED A GAIN OF 29 POINTS.

    ON THE CURRENCY MARKETS, THE U-S DOLLAR DECLINED A BIT FROM ITS STRONG GAINS EARLIER IN THE WEEK. AGAINST THE GERMAN MARK, THE AMERICAN CURRENCY LOST ALMOST TWO PFENNIGE, AND AGAINST THE BRITISH POUND IT WAS DOWN ALMOST A CENT. GOLD PRICES, AGAIN, REMAINED STEADY. (SIGNED)
    NEB/PCF /MMK
    05-Sep-97 2:47 PM EDT (1847 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [03] FRIDAY'S EDITORIALS BY ANDREW N. GUTHRIE (WASHINGTON)

    DATE=09/05/97
    TYPE=U-S EDITORIAL DIGEST
    NUMBER=6-10333
    TELEPHONE=619-3335
    EDITOR=ASSIGNMENTS
    CONTENT=
    // EDITORS: THIS IS PERISHABLE MATERIAL AND BECOMES DATED AFTER 10 P-M E-D-T FRIDAY //

    INTRO: THE TERRORIST BOMBINGS IN A DOWNTOWN JERUSALEM SHOPPING MALL HAVE FINALLY TAKEN OVER THE EDITORIAL COLUMNS OF MANY PAPERS AFTER NEARLY A WEEK OF COMMENTS ABOUT THE DEATH OF PRINCESS DIANA.

    HOWEVER, THERE ARE STILL MORE EDITORIALS TODAY ON THAT SUBJECT, MAKING A FULL WEEK OF COMMENTS THAT IS EXTRAORDINARY FOR A SINGLE SUBJECT. OTHER TOPICS ONE CAN FIND IN THE DAILIES' EDITORIALS THIS FRIDAY INCLUDE: AL GORE'S CAMPAIGN FINANCING ACTIVITIES; THE NORTHERN IRELAND PEACE TALKS; AND SOME ADVICE ON HOW TO DEAL WITH THE SITUATION IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA.

    NOW, HERE WITH A CLOSER LOOK AND SOME QUOTES IS ___________________AND TODAY'S EDITORIAL DIGEST.

    TEXT: THE TRIPLE EXPLOSIONS BY THREE SUICIDE BOMBERS THAT KILLED AT LEAST SEVEN PEOPLE, INCLUDING THE BOMBERS, AND INJURED NEARLY 200 OTHERS, IS DRAWING THE IRE OF SEVERAL PAPERS THIS FRIDAY. THE BOSTON GLOBE IS CALLING FOR A RESUMPTION OF THE PEACE PROCESS AS THE BEST ANSWER TO THE HAMAS TERROR ATTACK.

    VOICE: "YESTERDAY'S TERRORIST BOMBING OF A CROWDED MALL IN DOWNTOWN JERUSALEM WAS AN ACT OF BLINDING EVIL. THE GRATUITOUS SLAUGHTER OF INNOCENT VICTIMS, THE MASTERMINDS' CONTEMPT FOR THE FORMS OF CIVILIZED SOCIETY, THE MARTYRS' CULT THAT MOTIVATES SUICIDE BOMBERS -- THESE ARE ASPECTS OF THE CRIME THAT CAN BLIND ONE TO ITS POLITICAL CONTENT. ....... THE MURDER AND MAYHEM ....... YESTERDAY IS, FIRST AND FOREMOST, A POLITICAL CRIME."

    TEXT: THE LOS ANGELES TIMES SAYS SECRETARY OF STATE MADELEINE ALBRIGHT IS "RIGHT TO GO THROUGH WITH [HER] MIDEAST VISIT," ADDING THAT "TO CANCEL [THE] TRIP WOULD BE TO GIVE IN TO TERRORIST BOMBERS." THE LOS ANGELES TIMES ADDS:

    VOICE: "[MRS.] ALBRIGHT IS A DIPLOMAT, NOT A MAGICIAN. SHE CANNOT MAKE TRUST REAPPEAR OVERNIGHT ......... ALL SHE CAN DO IS TRY TO CUT THROUGH THE EMOTIONS OF THE MOMENT TO REMIND ISRAELI PRIME MINISTER BENJAMIN NETANYAHU AND PALESTINIAN LEADER YASSER ARAFAT OF THE TERRIBLE AND ENDURING COSTS THEIR PEOPLE ARE DESTINED TO PAY IF SERIOUS NEGOTIATIONS ARE NOT SOON RESUMED. ..... THE TERRORIST HAVE THEIR AGENDA; IT IS TO MURDER PEACE HOPES. [MR.] NETANYAHU AND [MR.] ARAFAT MUST NOT LET THAT AGENDA BE FORCED ON THEM. THAT SHOULD BE THE ESSENCE OF [MRS.] ALBRIGHT'S MESSAGE."

    [OPT]

    TEXT: THE WASHINGTON POST PRAISES THE ISRAELI PUBLIC FOR NOT ALLOWING THIS SUMMER OF TERRORIST BOMBINGS TO DESTABILIZE THE COUNTRY, OR DETER THEM FROM THEIR CONTINUING DESIRE FOR PEACE.

    VOICE: "PALESTINIAN TERRORISTS ARE INFLICTING A TERRIBLE PUNISHMENT ON ISRAELIS WHOSE ONLY OFFENSE IS TO BE CITIZENS OF THEIR STATE. ISRAELIS CANNOT GO OUT IN THE STREET WITHOUT WONDERING IF THEY OR THEIR CHILDREN WILL RETURN. IT IS AN INCREDIBLE ORDEAL. YET THE WONDER OF IT IS THE PERSONAL AND COLLECTIVE STEADINESS THE ISRAELIS HAVE SHOWN IN ENCOUNTERING THIS ATROCIOUS CONDUCT. ..... FEW OTHER COUNTRIES COULD HAVE RESPONDED WITH LIKE VALOR AND BALANCE. THIS IS ISRAEL'S TRIUMPH OVER TERRORISM."

    [END OPT]

    TEXT: SEVERAL PAPERS CONTINUE TO DISCUSS THE DEATH OF DIANA, PRINCESS OF WALES, AND THE TREMENDOUS OUTPOURING OF SYMPATHY HER DEATH HAS GENERATED, NOT JUST IN BRITAIN BUT AROUND THE WORLD. U-S-A TODAY SAYS OF HER PASSING IN ITS LEAD EDITORIAL THIS FRIDAY:

    VOICE: "HER IN-LAWS WATCHED BRITAIN MOURN FOR SIX DAYS BEFORE STIRRING THEMSELVES TO MAKE A PUBLIC COMMENT. EVEN FROM THE COFFIN, DIANA IS MORE DYNAMIC THAN THAT. THE PUBLIC ALSO CONTINUES TO EMBRACE DIANA'S OTHER STRUGGLES -- THE EATING DISORDERS, THE LOVELESS UNION, THE COLD DIVORCE AND THE NEED TO MOVE ON FROM A BUSTED MARRIAGE. ...... WHAT OTHER FIGURE IN RECENT DECADES HAS BEEN SO CHARISMATIC IN DEATH? JOHN F. KENNEDY .... MAYBE ELVIS PRESLEY ..... IT'S REALLY NO WONDER THAT MILLIONS WILL LINE LONDON'S STREETS SATURDAY. SHE WAS RICH AND FLAWED AND THE CAMERA LOVED HER. RESULT: AN EMERGING CULT OF DIANA THAT WON'T FADE ANYTIME SOON."

    TEXT: THE OREGONIAN, IN PORTLAND, CALLS DIANA A PRINCESS FOR THE '90S.

    VOICE: "DIANA'S FUNERAL IS REACHING GLOBAL LEVELS ... BECAUSE SO MANY PEOPLE WHO NEVER CAME CLOSE TO MEETING HER FELT THAT THEY DID KNOW HER. THEY DERIVED THAT SENSE OF INTIMACY FROM THE SAME MEDIA NOW ATTACKED FOR INVADING DIANA'S PRIVACY TO PROVIDE IT. .... MOURNERS TALK ABOUT HER GOOD WORKS, WHICH WERE LAUDABLE AND WELL REPORTED, BUT ALL THOSE TRAITS TOGETHER COULDN'T CREATE SATURDAY'S EVENT, A FUNERAL THE SIZE OF A PLANET. .... SHE WAS BOLSTERED BY A SPREADING IMPRESSION THAT IN HER RELATIONSHIP WITH HER SONS AND HER REACHING OUT INTO A WIDER WORLD -- THERE WAS MORE LOVE THAN IN THE REST OF ENGLAND'S ROYAL PALACES PUT TOGETHER."

    [OPT]

    TEXT: TODAY'S MIAMI HERALD IS SUGGESTING A BOYCOTT OF THE WEEKLY TABLOID NEWSPAPERS THAT EMPLOY THE KIND OF CELEBRITY-HUNTING PHOTOGRAPHERS, OR PAPARAZZI, WHO ARE PARTIALLY BLAMED FOR DIANA'S DEATH.

    VOICE: "THE PAPARAZZI STALKED PRINCESS DIANA NOT FOR NEWS .... BUT FOR MONEY. HER STAR POWER OFFERED ENDLESS OPPORTUNITIES TO CAPITALIZE ON AN EVER-HUNGRY MARKET. GREED AND H U B R I S [ITALICS FOR EMPHASIS] TRAMPLED RESPECT FOR HER PRIVACY AND THE BOUNDS OF COMMON DECENCY. SUCH CONTEMPTIBLE BEHAVIOR STAINS ALL OF JOURNALISM AND OUGHT TO BE DISCOURAGED BY THE INDUSTRY AND [ITALICS FOR EMPHASIS] BY THE PUBLIC THAT THE PAPARAZZI CLAIM TO BE SERVING."

    [END OPT]

    TEXT: ON TO MORE MUNDANE MATTERS, SUCH AS THE ALLEGED ILLEGALITIES OF SOME OF VICE PRESIDENT AL GORE'S CAMPAIGN SOLICITATION PHONE CALLS MADE FOR LAST YEAR'S PRESIDENTIAL RACE. HERE'S A SUGGESTION FROM MAINE'S PORTLAND PRESS HERALD THAT A SPECIAL INDEPENDENT COUNSEL BE APPOINTED TO LOOK INTO IT.

    VOICE: "[OPT] ATTORNEY GENERAL JANET RENO IS COMING AROUND TO THE OBVIOUS: THE FUND-RAISING MESS IN WASHINGTON IS ERODING PEOPLE'S CONFIDENCE IN THEIR POLITICAL AND JUSTICE SYSTEMS. AN INDEPENDENT PROSECUTOR, APPOINTED BY RENO'S OFFICE, IS NEEDED TO RESTORE THAT CONFIDENCE. [END OPT] .... VICE PRESIDENT AL .... GORE'S TRANSGRESSIONS SEEM TO BE AMONG THE MOST SERIOUS, THOUGH THEY INCLUDE QUESTIONS ABOUT LEGAL INTERPRETATION. [MS.] RENO SHOULD, THEREFORE, APPOINT A SPECIAL PROSECUTOR WHO WILL PAY SPECIAL ATTENTION TO [MR.] GORE, BUT THAT INVESTIGATION NEED NOT BE LIMITED TO HIM."

    [OPT]

    TEXT: THE NEW YORK POST SAYS OF THE SAME STORY, IT IS "TIME TO RETIRE AL GORE'S HALO," ADDING ABOUT THE FAMOUS MEETING AT THE BUDDHIST TEMPLE IN LOS ANGELES AT WHICH MONEY WAS RAISED FOR THE DEMOCRATS:

    VOICE: "DID THE FAMOUSLY DETAIL-ORIENTED VICE PRESIDENT REALLY BELIEVE THE DOUGH [MONEY] RAISED THAT DAY WAS COMING FROM FOLKS WHOSE ONLY POSSESSION IS A PRAYER MAT? DON'T EXPECT A STRAIGHT ANSWER FROM [MR.] GORE. .... WHATEVER THE OUTCOME, [MR.] GORE'S BOY SCOUT HALO [A REFERENCE TO MR. GORE'S GENERALLY HONEST REPUTATION UP UNTIL THIS FUND-RAISING ISSUE] NO LONGER FITS."

    [END OPT]

    TEXT: THE SUN IN BALTIMORE IS PLEASED THAT PEACE TALKS REGARDING NORTHERN IRELAND APPEAR TO BE BACK ON TRACK AFTER A LONG HIATUS.

    VOICE: "THE MOST HOPEFUL PORTENT FOR RESUMPTION OF NORTHERN IRELAND NEGOTIATIONS IS THE BEHAVIOR OF THE ULSTER UNIONIST PARTY, LED BY DAVID TRIMBLE. THE PARTY WITH THE LARGEST SUPPORT IN THE PROVINCE, THE MAIN VOICE OF THE MAJORITY PROTESTANTS WHO WANT TO REMAIN IN THE UNITED KINGDOM, WILL BE THERE. ..... ON MONDAY, MR. TRIMBLE MET WITH THE ROMAN CATHOLIC PRIMATE OF ALL IRELAND, ARCHBISHOP SEAN BRADY, WHICH NO UNIONIST PREDECESSOR HAD DONE. MR. TRIMBLE IS ACTING AS IF HE KNOWS THIS ROUND IS THE REAL THING."

    TEXT: AND LASTLY, SOME ADVICE FOR THE NATO FORCES IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA REGARDING THE BASTION OF SERBIAN RESISTANCE IN THE KEY TOWN OF BRCKO.

    VOICE: "LAST WEEK, EMBOLDENED NATO FORCES MOVED INTO BRCKO AND FOUR NEARBY TOWNS SITTING ATOP A NARROW CORRIDOR OF LAND THAT LINKS WESTERN AND EASTERN BOSNIA, WHICH IS LARGELY UNDER THE CONTROL OF MR. .... RADOVAN .... KARADZIC .... IF MR. KARADZIC IS TO HAVE ANY HOPE OF FOLLOWING THROUGH WITH HIS 'COUNTER-COUP' AND MOVING BACK INTO BANJA LUKA, HE NEEDS TO HOLD BRCKO. MOST OF ALL, BRCKO IS VITAL TO MR. KARADZIC BECAUSE IT IS THE MEANS BY WHICH HE PLANS SOMEDAY TO JOIN THE REPUBLIKA SRPSKA WITH A RUMP YUGOSLAVIA -- A TOTAL VIOLATION OF THE DAYTON ACCORDS. BUT WHEN NATO TROOPS MOVED TO SEIZE A POLICE STATION NEAR BRCKO, CROWDS GATHERED TO OPPOSE THEM AND ..... [THE] TROOPS WITHDREW ..... THE WITHDRAWALS SENT A DANGEROUS SIGNAL TO MR. KARADZIC'S SENIOR LOYALISTS. 'THEY ARE CALLING IT 'THE BAY OF PIGS, ' SAYS COLIN SOLOWAY, A CORRESPONDENT BASED IN SARAJEVO. THEY THINK THEY FACED DOWN THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY AND WON.' ..... IF THERE IS TO BE ANY HOPE OF SALVAGING DAYTON, AND OF FUTURE PEACE AND STABILITY IN BOSNIA, NATO WILL HAVE TO RUN WHATEVER MILITARY RISKS ARE NEEDED TO TAKE CONTROL OF BRCKO."

    TEXT: AND ON THAT NOTE, WE CONCLUDE THIS BRIEF SAMPLING OF EDITORIALS FROM FRIDAY'S U-S PRESS.
    NEB/ANG/RRM
    05-Sep-97 10:35 AM EDT (1435 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [04] GERRY ADAMS / IRELAND TALKS (L - ONLY) BY MAX RUSTON (NEW YORK)

    DATE=9/5/97
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-219461
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: IRISH REPUBLICAN LEADER GERRY ADAMS SAYS HE BELIEVES CONDITIONS ARE GOOD FOR REACHING A SETTLEMENT ON NORTHERN IRELAND, AHEAD OF ALL PARTY PEACE TALKS SET TO BEGIN NEXT WEEK. V-O-A'S MAX RUSTON REPORTS ON REMARKS MADE BY MR. ADAMS DURING A MEETING TODAY (FRIDAY) WITH SUPPORTERS IN NEW YORK.

    TEXT: MR. ADAMS TOLD SUPPORTERS HE IS EAGERLY LOOKING FORWARD TO THE ALL-PARTY TALKS SET TO TAKE PLACE IN BELFAST. HE SAID THE TALKS MAY OFFER ONE OF THE BEST AND LAST OPPORTUNITIES THIS CENTURY TO REACH A PEACEFUL SETTLEMENT TO THE LONG-RUNNING IRISH CONFLICT.

    /// ADAMS ACT ///

    WE ARE GOING IN EAGERLY SEEKING TO ENGAGE WITH OUR ENEMIES IN ORDER TO MAKE THEM OUR FRIENDS, AND I THINK THAT IS A HUGE CHANGE IN THE WHOLE PSYCHE OF THIS CONFLICT, AND I THINK A VERY, VERY GOOD INDICATOR, AND THE FACT THAT IF OTHER PEOPLE ON THE OTHER SIDE ARE GOING THROUGH THE SAME FORMULATION, THAT THE GOVERNMENT IN LONDON CAN EMBRACE THAT, THEN EVERYTHING IS POSSIBLE.

    /// END ACT ///

    MR. ADAMS HEADS SINN FEIN, THE POLITICAL WING OF THE IRISH REPUBLICAN ARMY. BRITAIN INVITED SINN FEIN TO THE ALL-PARTY TALKS LAST WEEK, ONCE IT WAS SATISFIED THAT THE I-R-A IS COMMITTED TO A JULY 20TH CEASE-FIRE.

    THE MAIN PRO-BRITISH PARTY IN IRELAND, THE ULSTER UNIONISTS, HAS THREATENED TO BOYCOTT THE TALKS IF SINN FEIN PARTICIPATES. SPEAKING IN NEW YORK, MR. ADAMS URGED THE ULSTER UNIONISTS TO ACCEPT THE IDEA OF NEGOTIATIONS.

    /// ADAMS ACT ///

    WE WANT THE UNIONISTS IN THERE. WE ARE SAYING TO THEM THE DOOR IS OPEN. IF YOU DO NOT COME TO TABLE ON THE 15TH, COME ON THE 16TH, THE 17TH, THE 18TH. LEAVE THE CHAIR VACANT, GO ON WITH BUSINESS BUT LEAVE SPACE FOR THEM TO COME IN.

    /// END ACT ///

    THE ULSTER UNIONISTS HAVE CALLED FOR THE COMPLETE DISARMAMENT OF THE I-R-A AS A PRECONDITION FOR TALKS. MR. ADAMS SAID HE IS ENTERING THE TALKS READY TO COMPROMISE AND EMBRACE CHANGE. HE CALLED FOR THE DISARMAMENT OF ALL PARTIES IN NORTHERN IRELAND BUT DID NOT SHOW ANY WILLINGNESS TO ENDORSE UNILATERAL DISARMAMENT OF THE I-R-A. SINN FEIN'S LONG-TERM AIM IS FOR AN INDEPENDENT AND UNITED IRELAND, FREE OF BRITISH CONTROL.

    DURING HIS FIVE-DAY VISIT TO THE UNITED STATES, GERRY ADAMS HELD TALKS WITH SENIOR LAWMAKERS AND WHITE HOUSE OFFICIALS. U-S OFFICIALS ARE REPORTED TO BE URGING ALL SIDES IN THE CONFLICT TO SHOW MORE WILLINGNESS TO COMPROMISE AND NEGOTIATE AND NOT TO RESORT TO VIOLENCE. (SIGNED) NEB/NY/MPR/BA/WFR
    05-Sep-97 5:27 PM EDT (2127 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [05] N-Y ECON WRAP (S & L) BY BRECK ARDERY (NEW YORK)

    DATE=9/5/97
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-219465
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: STOCK PRICES IN THE UNITED STATES CLOSED DOWN TODAY (FRIDAY) AFTER A VOLATILE SESSION. VOA CORRESPONDENT BRECK ARDERY REPORTS FROM NEW YORK.

    TEXT: THE DOW JONES INDUSTRIAL AVERAGE CLOSED AT 78 HUNDRED 22, DOWN 44 POINTS. FOR THE WEEK, THE INDUSTRIAL AVERAGE GAINED 200 POINTS. THE LARGER STANDARD AND POOR'S 500 INDEX CLOSED FRIDAY AT 929, DOWN ALMOST TWO POINTS.

    STOCK PRICES WERE UP STRONGLY, THEN DOWN SHARPLY, RECOVERING MOST OF THE LOSSES AND THEN GOING DOWN AGAIN. ANALYSTS SAY A RUMOR THAT U-S CENTRAL BANK CHAIRMAN ALAN GREENSPAN WILL SOON RESIGN CAUSED SOME WORRY ON WALL STREET. THAT RUMOR WAS ABSOLUTELY DENIED BY MR. GREENSPAN HIMSELF.

    THE GOVERNMENT REPORTED THE UNEMPLOYMENT RATE IN THE UNITED STATES EDGED UP BY ONE-TENTH PERCENT TO FOUR-POINT-NINE PERCENT LAST MONTH. THE NUMBER OF NEW JOBS CREATED WAS JUST 49 THOUSAND, WELL BELOW EXPECTATIONS. HOWEVER, ANALYSTS SAY JOB CREATION WAS INHIBITED BY THE TWO-WEEK STRIKE AT THE UNITED PARCEL SERVICE.

    ///REST OPT///

    THE STOCK OF THE BOSTON SCIENTIFIC COMPANY LOST ABOUT 16 PERCENT OF ITS VALUE AFTER THE COMPANY SAID ITS EXPECTS NO PROFIT GROWTH IN THE THIRD QUARTER. THE MAKER OF MEDICAL DEVICES CITED WEAK DEMAND IN EUROPE, WHERE THE STRONG U-S DOLLAR HAS MADE LOCALLY PRODUCED GOODS LESS EXPENSIVE.

    UZBEKISTAN'S NATIONAL AIRLINE WILL BUY UP TO 15 BOEING JETLINERS. THE FORMER SOVIET REPUBLIC IS PLANNING TO INCREASE ITS INTERNATIONAL AIR SERVICE.

    U-S LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENTS HAVE ARRESTED A TAIWANESE BUSINESSMAN AND HIS DAUGHTER ON CHARGES OF STEALING TRADE SECRETS FROM A U-S COMPANY. THE TWO ARE ACCUSED OF TAKING PRIVATE INFORMATION FROM THE AVERY ADHESIVE LABEL COMPANY OF CALIFORNIA.(SIGNED)
    NEB/NY/BA/WFR
    05-Sep-97 5:37 PM EDT (2137 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [06] OBIT: MOTHER TERESA...AND HER "SIMPLE PATH" BY CAROLYN WEAVER (WASHINGTON)

    DATE=9/5/97
    TYPE=WORLDWIDE ENGLISH FEATURE
    NUMBER=7-17336
    TELEPHONE=619-1999
    EDITOR=SWANEY
    CONTENT=

    [INSERTS AVAILABLE FROM AUDIO SERVICES] (NOTE: THERE IS ANOTHER OBIT REPORT, #7-17335, ENTITLED OBIT: MOTHER TERESA, BY TERRI KEEFE.)

    INTRO: MOTHER TERESA OF CALCUTTA HAS DIED AT THE AGE OF 87 (D.O.B. AUGUST 27, 1910). SHE WAS PROBABLY THE MOST FAMOUS ROMAN CATHOLIC IN THE WORLD, NEXT TO THE POPE.

    THE MISSIONARIES OF CHARITY, THE ORDER SHE FOUNDED IN 1950 TO EASE THE SUFFERING OF THE POOREST AND MOST HOPELESS PEOPLE, HAS EXPANDED ALL AROUND THE WORLD -- FROM INDIA, WHERE THE ORDER BEGAN, TO ASIA, AFRICA, THE UNITED STATES, AND THE FORMER SOVIET UNION. UNLIKE MANY CATHOLIC ORDERS, WHOSE NUMBERS ARE SHRINKING, THE ORDER OF MISSIONARIES OF CHARITY IS

    GROWING RAPIDLY. VOA'S CAROLYN WEAVER REPORTS ABOUT

    THE SPIRITUAL PHILOSOPHY THAT DRAWS NEW WORKERS TO WHAT MOTHER TERESA CALLED HER "SIMPLE PATH."

    TEXT: MOTHER TERESA SAID THAT SHE LOVED ALL RELIGIONS, BUT WAS ONLY IN LOVE WITH HER OWN. TO HER, THAT MEANT FOLLOWING THE EXAMPLE OF JESUS CHRIST, THE CHRISTIAN MESSIAH -- BY CARING FOR THE STARVING CAST-OFFS SHE FOUND ON CALCUTTA'S STREETS -- LEPERS, PEOPLE DYING FROM TB OR AIDS, ABANDONED CHILDREN -- FEEDING THEM, WASHING THEM, NURSING THEM. SHE SAID THE POOREST HUMAN BEINGS ARE JESUS CHRIST IN DISTRESSING DISGUISE -- AND QUOTED HIS SPEECH FROM THE BIBLE: "WHATEVER YOU DO TO THE LEAST OF MINE, YOU DO TO ME." SHE ALSO BELIEVED SHE MUST BE AS POOR AS THOSE SHE SERVED. FOR THAT REASON, MOTHER TERESA WITH HER FOLLOWERS OWNED NOTHING AND ATE ONLY ONE MEAL A DAY, THE SAME FOOD AS THOSE THEY CARED FOR.

    IN 1989, MOTHER TERESA SPOKE TO TIME MAGAZINE REPORTER EDWARD DESMOND. HE ASKED HER IF SHE HOPED THAT HER EXAMPLE WOULD TEACH OTHERS.

    TAPE: CUT ONE -- INTERVIEWER/ MOTHER TERESA :33

    "DO YOU HOPE YOUR EXAMPLE WILL INFLUENCE -- "NO, NO, I NEVER THINK LIKE THAT. BECAUSE - LET EVERY SPIRIT PRAISE THE LORD. WHAT YOU DO, I CANNOT DO. WHAT I DO, YOU CANNOT DO. BUT TOGETHER WE ARE DOING GOD'S WORK." WELL, I KNOW THAT YOU ARE DOING GOD'S WORK. "NO, NO, YOU CAN BECOME VERY HOLY BY DOING THIS WORK, WHATEVER YOU ARE DOING. IT'S A GIFT OF GOD TO YOU, TO PROCLAIM GOD'S LOVE."

    TEXT: MOTHER TERESA OFTEN SAID THAT SHE BELIEVED IN LOVING AND GIVING TO OTHERS UNTIL IT HURT TO GIVE. SHE TOLD TIME MAGAZINE'S EDWARD DESMOND A FAVORITE STORY, ABOUT THE GIFTS OF A FATHER AND LITTLE BOY.

    TAPE: CUT TWO -- MOTHER TERESA /INTERVIEWER :50

    "A MAN CAME AND HE GAVE ME TWO PACKETS OF MONEY. HIS LITTLE CHILD HAD GIVEN ALL SMALL COINS, HIS POCKET MONEY, IN ONE LITTLE BAG. AND HE SAID, SO SHY, SEEING HIS CHILD MAKE HIS LITTLE SACRIFICE, 'SO I ALSO MADE A SACRIFICE, I DID NOT SMOKE FOR THIS ONE MONTH, I DID NOT DRINK FOR ONE MONTH, AND THIS IS THE MONEY.' SO THE CHILD GAVE ME THE MONEY AND THE FATHER GAVE ME THE MONEY. IT WAS BEAUTIFUL, HINDU, BOTH HINDU. SOMETHING SO BEAUTIFUL." INTERVIEWER: DO YOU THINK SOMETIMES HINDUS UNDERSTAND YOU BETTER THAN CHRISTIANS DO? "OH NO, I CAN'T SAY THAT. EVERYBODY UNDERSTANDS THIS KIND OF WORK, EVERYBODY UNDERSTANDS. THEY MAY NOT BE ABLE TO DO IT, BUT THEY UNDERSTAND."

    TEXT: LUCINDA VARDEY RECENTLY COMPILED A BOOK OF MOTHER TERESA'S TEACHINGS, A SIMPLE PATH. MS. VARDEY WORKED FOR SEVERAL DAYS IN THE ORDER'S HOMES IN CALCUTTA FOR TUBERCULOSIS PATIENTS AND LEPERS.

    TAPE: CUT THREE -- LUCINDA VARDEY :47

    "WHEN I WAS WITH SOME OF THE TB PATIENTS IN CALCUTTA AND ALSO LEPER COLONY, I DIDN'T FEEL ANY REVULSION AT ALL, BECAUSE ONE OF THE MOST EXTRAORDINARY THINGS ABOUT MOTHER'S HOME, IS THERE IS SUCH LOVE THERE THAT THERE IS AN AWFUL LOT OF JOY, IN THE SIMPLICITY, THE SIMPLE PATH. THE SISTERS ARE CHEERFUL AND JOYFUL. MOTHER ALWAYS SAYS YOU SHOULD BE A CHEERFUL GIVER, SHE ALWAYS BELIEVES THAT IF WE SMILED MORE, THE WORLD WOULD BE A BETTER PLACE, IT'S LIKE SIMPLE THINGS FOR PEOPLE WHO ARE REALLY ILL, LIKE IN THE HOME OF DYING, SEEM TO HAVE A CERTAIN PEACE ABOUT THEM, BECAUSE THEY WERE REALLY LOVED, AND THEY FELT CHRIST THERE. EVEN IF THEY WERE MUSLIMS, THEY FELT THE LOVE, AND GOD IS LOVE, WHATEVER DENOMINATION, OR WHATEVER BELIEFS YOU HAVE."

    TEXT: LUCINDA VARDEY SAID THAT MOTHER TERESA WAS DIFFERENT FROM TRADITIONAL MISSIONARIES BECAUSE SHE DID NOT ATTEMPT TO CONVERT ANYONE TO HER RELIGION. SHE WAS INTERESTED NEITHER IN EVANGELISM NOR IN POLITICS. SOME CRITICIZED MOTHER TERESA FOR NOT CONDEMNING AN EVIL SOCIAL ORDER -- AND WORKING FOR JUSTICE FOR THE POOR IN THE POLITICAL REALM. BUT MOTHER TERESA REPLIED THAT WAS NOT THE WORK THAT SHE WAS CALLED TO DO.

    TAPE: CUT FOUR -- MOTHER TERESA :37

    "LIKE A MAN SAID TO ME, 'MOTHER TERESA, YOU ARE SPOILING THE PEOPLE BY GIVING THEM FISH TO EAT, YOU SHOULD GIVE THEM A ROD TO CATCH THE FISH.' AND I SAID TO HIM, 'YOU KNOW, MY PEOPLE THAT I AM GIVING THE FOOD, THEY CANNOT EVEN STAND, STILL LESS TO HOLD THE ROD. BUT I WILL GIVE THEM THE FISH TO EAT, AND WHEN THEY ARE STRONG ENOUGH, I WILL HAND THEM OVER TO YOU, AND YOU GIVE THEM THE ROD TO FISH. IT'S A BEAUTIFUL COMBINATION, NO?"

    TEXT: MOTHER TERESA ALWAYS SAID THAT SHE AND HER SISTERS ARE NOT SOCIAL WORKERS, TEACHERS OR NURSES -- BUT RELIGIOUS CONTEMPLATIVES -- WHOSE CONTEMPLATION TAKES PLACE "AT THE HEART OF THE WORLD," SHE SAID -- AND IS EXPERIENCED THROUGH LOVE IN ACTION FOR OTHERS. AND SHE ALSO SAID THAT DIFFICULT THOUGH THE WORK MIGHT BE, SHE LIVED IN JOY TO BE ABLE TO DO IT. [SIGNED] [FOLLOWING SIGN-OFF, HOSTS MAY USE THIS OPTIONAL CUT]

    TAPE: CUT FIVE -- INTERVIEWER / MOTHER TERESA :46

    "HUMBLE AS YOU ARE, IT'S AN EXTRAORDINARY THING TO BE THIS VEHICLE OF GOD'S GRACE IN THE WORLD. HOW DO YOU THINK ABOUT THAT? BUT IT IS HIS WORK. I THINK GOD WANTS TO SHOW HIS GREATNESS BY USING NOTHINGNESS. YOU THINK YOU'RE NOTHINGNESS? YE-ES. (LAUGHS) YOU DON'T THINK YOU HAVE ANY SPECIAL QUALITIES? NO, I DON'T THINK SO. I DON'T CLAIM ANYTHING OF THE WORK. IT IS HIS WORK, ONLY HIS WORK. LIKE A LITTLE PENCIL IN HIS HAND, THAT'S ALL. HE DOES THE THINKING, HE DOES THE WRITING, THE PENCIL HAS NOTHING TO DO. THE PENCIL HAS ONLY TO BE ALLOWED TO BE USED."
    05-Sep-97 3:26 PM EDT (1926 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [07] RUSSIA STEPS UP FOREIGN ARMS SALES BY FRANK RONALDS (WASHINGTON)

    DATE=9/5/97
    TYPE=BACKGROUND REPORT
    NUMBER=5-37454
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: THE RUSSIAN ARMS INDUSTRY IS IN AN ALL-OUT PUSH TO SELL ITS PRODUCTS ABROAD. BORIS KUZYK, BORIS YELTSIN'S ADVISER FOR FOREIGN ARMS SALES, HAS ANNOUNCED THAT THE SEARCH FOR NEW MARKETS HAS THE PRESIDENT'S FULL SUPPORT. AND HE SAYS THAT CONTRACTS HAVE BEEN SIGNED IN MORE THAN 50 COUNTRIES AROUND THE WORLD. FRANK RONALDS HAS MORE IN THIS BACKGROUND REPORT.

    TEXT: JUST LAST MONTH, THE HEAD OF THE RUSSIAN ARMS EXPORT MONOPOLY, GENERAL ALEXANDER KOTELKIN, BOASTED THAT RUSSIA WOULD CATCH UP WITH THE UNITED STATES IN SALES BY 1999. SINCE THEN, GENERAL KOTELKIN HAS BEEN FIRED, AND ROSVOORUZHENIYE, WHICH HE HEADED, HAS LOST ITS MONOPOLY.

    BUT PETER FELSTEAD, EDITOR OF THE LONDON-BASED JANE'S INTELLIGENCE REVIEW, SAYS THAT COMPETITION FROM TWO NEW ORGANIZATIONS, PROMEXPORT AND RUSSKAYA TECHNOLOGIA, WILL MERELY INCREASE THE RUSSIANS' EFFORTS TO SELL ARMS ABROAD.

    // 1ST FELSTEAD ACT //

    IF ANYTHING, THESE THREE EXPORT CONCERNS ARE GOING TO BE SCRAMBLING OVER EACH OTHER TO EXPORT EVEN MORE WEAPONS. THEY CERTAINLY HAVE BOASTED THAT THEY ARE TRYING TO CATCH UP WITH THE UNITED STATES, AND THERE ARE CERTAIN CONSIDERATIONS, OR LACK OF THEM, THAT WILL HELP THEM DO THAT. MOST NOTABLY, THEY HAVE NO CONCERNS IN RELATION TO CIVIL RIGHTS OR HUMANITARIAN CONSIDERATIONS WHEN THEY'RE TRYING TO EXPORT THEIR MATERIAL. IT'S JUST AN ALL-ENCOMPASSING RUSH TO EXPORT MATERIAL, BECAUSE THEY HAVE BEEN TOLD BY THEIR OWN DEFENSE FORCES NOT TO EXPECT ANY MORE DOMESTIC ORDERS UNTIL AT LEAST 2005, AND THAT COULD EVEN BE AS LATE AS 2010. SO IT'S A CASE OF EXPORT OR DIE FOR THE RUSSIAN DEFENSE INDUSTRY.

    // END ACT //

    EXCEPT FOR OIL, NATURAL GAS AND TIMBER, RUSSIA HAS LITTLE IT CAN SELL TO EARN HARD CURRENCY. BUT DESPITE THE SAD STATE OF THE ECONOMY, THE ARMS INDUSTRY IS GOING FULL SPEED AHEAD -- AND MANY OF ITS PRODUCTS ARE OF HIGH QUALITY, AS WELL AS FAR CHEAPER THAN THEIR U-S, BRITISH OR FRENCH COUNTERPARTS. RUSSIAN WEAPONS EXPORTS ARE EXPECTED TO TOP FOUR-BILLION DOLLARS THIS YEAR. THEY HAVE A LONG WAY TO GO TO REACH THE U-S TOTAL -- WHICH WAS 11-BILLION DOLLARS IN 1996. HOWEVER, PETER FELSTEAD SAYS THAT BESIDES PRICE, RUSSIAN ARMS EXPORTERS HAVE OTHER ADVANTAGES.

    // 2ND FELSTEAD ACT //

    THE KEY EXAMPLE OF THE HUMANITARIAN SORT OF THING WOULD BE INDONESIA. THE UNITED STATES WAS LOOKING TO SELL F-16'S INTO INDONESIA, AND TRYING TO TIE THAT TO AT LEAST SOME KIND OF CIVIL RIGHTS CONSIDERATIONS REGARDING THE SITUATION IN EAST TIMOR. THE INDONESIANS GOT FED UP WITH THAT, TOLD THE AMERICANS, 'WE'RE NO LONGER INTERESTED, AND WE'RE NOW LOOKING TO BUY RUSSIAN MIG-29'S.' ONE OF THE OTHER KEY BENEFITS TO RUSSIAN SALES IS THE FACT THAT THEY ARE WILLING TO TAKE SORT OF BARTER AGREEMENTS, RATHER THAN SIMPLE MONEY AGREEMENTS, IN EXPORTING THEIR EQUIPMENT. I CAN GIVE YOU AN EXAMPLE OF THAT. ABOUT A QUARTER OF MALAYSIA'S 650-MILLION-DOLLAR ORDER FOR MIG-29'S IS ACTUALLY BEING PAID FOR IN PALM OIL.

    // END ACT //

    RUSSIA NOT ONLY SELLS SMALL ARMS, SUCH AS THE FAMED A-K-47 AUTOMATIC RIFLE, BUT SUBMARINES AND FIGHTER PLANES. CHINA HAS BEEN A BIG BUYER, PAYING FOR S-U-27 FIGHTERS LARGELY IN CONSUMER GOODS. THE RUSSIANS HAVE ALSO LICENSED CHINA TO BUILD 120 S-U-27'S. IN HOPES OF BREAKING INTO THE CENTRAL EUROPEAN MARKET, THEY HAVE DESIGNED WEAPONS SYSTEMS THAT ARE COMPATIBLE WITH THOSE USED BY NATO COUNTRIES.

    // 3RD FELSTEAD ACT //

    THE RUSSIANS ARE WORKING HARD TO DEVELOP NATO-COMPATIBLE SYSTEMS THAT THEY CAN SELL INTO EASTERN EUROPE. AND THAT, OF COURSE, IS ANOTHER BATTLEGROUND, AS FAR AS THE EXPORT COMPETITION GOES, WITH THE UNITED STATES. A LOT OF THOSE CENTRAL EUROPEAN COUNTRIES WOULD BE WANTING TO PURCHASE F-16'S, BUT WOULD NOT NECESSARILY HAVE THE MONEY FOR THEM. THE RUSSIAN SYSTEMS WILL PRESENT CHEAPER ALTERNATIVES. AND AGAIN, IF THE RUSSIANS CAN GET THEIR FOOT IN THE DOOR, THAT'S GOING TO BE QUITE A LUCRATIVE MARKET FOR THEM.

    // END ACT //

    SOME OF THE PROPOSED ARMS SALES HAVE SERIOUS POLITICAL IMPLICATIONS. (BEGIN OPT) FOR EXAMPLE, MOSCOW HAS OFFERED TO SELL AN S-300 AIR DEFENSE SYSTEM TO THE GREEK AUTHORITIES ON THE DIVIDED ISLAND OF CYPRUS. THIS HAS RUN INTO OPPOSITION FROM TURKEY, WHICH CONTROLS THAT PART OF THE ISLAND INHABITED BY ETHNIC TURKS, AND COULD UPSET HOPES OF REACHING A SETTLEMENT BETWEEN GREECE AND TURKEY. (END OPT) OF POSSIBLE MAJOR SIGNIFICANCE FOR THE FUTURE, PETER FELSTEAD SAYS, IS THE YAKHONT SUPERSONIC ANTI-SHIP CRUISE MISSILE, UNVEILED AT THE RECENT AIRSHOW IN MOSCOW. IT TRAVELS AT TWO AND A HALF TIMES THE SPEED OF SOUND, AND HAS A RANGE OF 190 MILES. THE AMERICAN TOMAHAWK AND HARPOON MISSILES ARE SUBSONIC, AND THE FRENCH EXOCET HAS A RANGE OF ONLY 45 MILES.

    // 4TH FELSTEAD ACT //

    THE YAKHONT IS QUITE A WORRYING DEVELOPMENT, WHEN YOU LOOK AT WHAT THE RUSSIANS ARE ALREADY EXPORTING. THAT SEEMS TO BE A VERY, VERY DANGEROUS WEAPON SYSTEM. WE WAIT TO SEE HOW CAPABLE IT IS IN FACT. BUT THERE IS NO REASON TO SUGGEST THAT IT ISN'T. AND IF THEY WERE TO SELL THAT, FOR EXAMPLE, INTO THE MIDDLE EAST, IT COULD COMPLETELY CHANGE THE BALANCE OF POWER THERE.

    // END ACT //

    RUSSIA'S ONCE POWERFUL ARMED FORCES ARE GREATLY REDUCED, IN SIZE AND IN MORALE. BUT THE ARMS INDUSTRY IS THRIVING AND THE EXPORT OF RUSSIAN ARMS APPEARS LIKELY TO EXPAND RAPIDLY IN THE NEAR FUTURE. (SIGNED)
    NEB/FR/RRM
    05-Sep-97 9:27 AM EDT (1327 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [08] TURKEY / ISLAM (L-ONLY) BY AMBERIN ZAMAN (ANKARA)

    DATE=9/5/97
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-219437
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: THOUSANDS OF ISLAMIST DEMONSTRATORS CLASHED WITH TURKISH POLICE AFTER NOON PRAYERS ON FRIDAY AT ONE OF ISTANBUL'S MAIN MOSQUES. AS AMBERIN ZAMAN REPORTS FROM ANKARA, THE ISLAMISTS WERE PROTESTING CONTROVERSIAL EDUCATION REFORMS THAT WERE PASSED BY THE TURKISH PARLIAMENT LAST MONTH.

    TEXT: SCORES OF DEMONSTRATORS WERE ARRESTED AND MANY OTHERS INJURED AFTER RIOT POLICE, ARMED WITH TRUNCHEONS AND BACKED BY ARMORED PERSONNEL CARRIERS, SOUGHT TO DISPERSE THE RALLY.

    THE WORSHIPPERS, MOSTLY MEN, CHANTED ANTI-ISRAELI SLOGANS AND SAID THEY WOULD, IN THEIR WORDS, BREAK THE HANDS OF ANYONE WHO TOUCHED THEIR KORAN -- THE ISLAMIC HOLY BOOK. THEY WERE PROTESTING AN EDUCATION BILL PREPARED BY TURKEY'S NEW SECULAR COALITION GOVERNMENT. THE BILL, ADOPTED BY THE TURKISH PARLIAMENT LAST MONTH, EFFECTIVELY DOES AWAY WITH SOME SECTIONS OF ISLAMIC CLERICAL TRAINING SCHOOLS BY EXTENDING COMPULSORY EDUCATION FROM FIVE YEARS TO EIGHT.

    THE ISLAMISTS CONTEND THE GOVERNMENT IS SEEKING TO ROB THE TURKISH PEOPLE OF THEIR ISLAMIC FAITH -- A CHARGE THE NEW GOVERNMENT LED BY CONSERVATIVE PRIME MINISTER MESUT YILMAZ HAS VIGOROUSLY DENIED. IN A BID TO APPEASE ISLAMIST SENTIMENT, THE GOVERNMENT HAS AUTHORIZED CLASSES TO STUDY THE KORAN AFTER REGULAR SCHOOL HOURS.

    THE ISLAMISTS CHARGE THAT PRIME MINISTER YILMAZ -- WHO CAME TO POWER IN JULY -- IS ACTING UNDER ORDERS FROM TURKEY'S RIGIDLY PRO-SECULAR ARMED FORCES. TURKEY'S FIRST-EVER ISLAMIST-LED GOVERNMENT WAS FORCED TO STEP DOWN UNDER PRESSURE FROM MILITARY LEADERS LAST JUNE. THE MILITARY ACCUSED THE ISLAMISTS OF SEEKING TO INTRODUCE ISLAMIC-STYLE RULE IN TURKEY. (SIGNED)
    NEB/AZ/PCF/RRM
    05-Sep-97 11:35 AM EDT (1535 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [09] U-S-BOSNIA (S ONLY) BY RON PEMSTEIN (STATE DEPARTMENT)

    DATE=9/5/97
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-219467
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: THE UNITED STATES IS ACCUSING BOSNIAN SERBS OF FAILING TO COMPLY FULLY WITH AN INTERNATIONAL DEAL TO RETURN CONTROL OF A RADIO-TELEVISION TRANSMITTER TO HARDLINE OPPONENTS OF BOSNIAN SERB PRESIDENT BILJANA PLAVSIC. V-O-A'S CORRESPONDENT RON PEMSTEIN REPORTS FROM THE STATE DEPARTMENT.

    TEXT: THE STATE DEPARTMENT HAD BEEN SKEPTICAL ABOUT THE BOSNIAN SERBS KEEPING THEIR PROMISES AS A CONDITION FOR REGAINING CONTROL OF THE TRANSMITTER IN NORTHEAST BOSNIA FROM NATO FORCES EARLIER THIS WEEK.

    A STATE DEPARTMENT SPOKESMAN SAYS THE BOSNIAN SERBS' COMPLIANCE SOFAR HAS BEEN UNEVEN. THE PROPAGANDA AGAINST NATO FORCES AND PRESIDENT PLAVSIC HAS BEEN REDUCED BUT SPOKESMAN JAMES FOLEY SAYS OTHER PROMISES HAVE NOT MATERIALIZED.

    ///FOLEY ACT///

    OUR VIEW IS THAT THEY HAVE NOT MET ALL THE STIPULATIONS. THE O-H-R (OFFICE OF HIGH REPRESENTATIVE) APPARENTLY HASN'T GOTTEN ITS MESSAGE OUT. I'M NOT SURE WHY THAT IS THE CASE. TIME HAS NOT BEEN GRANTED ON A DAILY BASIS FOR THE OPPOSITION AS WAS INDICATED.

    ///END ACT///

    THE SPOKESMAN CANNOT SAY IF THE ABSENCE OF A ONE HOUR BROADCAST BY PRESIDENT PLAVSIC IS HER FAULT OR THAT OR HER HARDLINE OPPONENTS WHO CONTROL THE TRANSMITTER. (SIGNED)
    NEB/PT
    05-Sep-97 5:39 PM EDT (2139 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


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