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Voice of America, 97-09-15

Voice of America: Selected Articles Directory - Previous Article - Next Article

From: The Voice of America <gopher://gopher.voa.gov>


CONTENTS

  • [01] BELFAST / BOMB (S) BY ANDRE DE NESNERA (BELFAST)
  • [02] BOSNIA ELECT (S-ONLY) BY PAMELA TAYLOR (SARAJEVO)
  • [03] EURO STOCKS (S-ONLY) BY PAUL FRANCUCH (LONDON)
  • [04] MARIA CALLAS REMEMBERED (L ONLY) BY ANTHEE CARASSAVA (ATHENS)
  • [05] NORTHERN IRELAND (S) BY ANDRE DE NESNERA (BELFAST)
  • [06] TURKEY / EGYPT (S) BY DOUGLAS ROBERTS (CAIRO)
  • [07] TURKEY/ARABS (L) BY DOUGLAS ROBERTS (CAIRO)
  • [08] U-S/BOSNIA HOLBROOKE (S ONLY) BY VICTOR BEATTIE (WASHINGTON)
  • [09] ULSTER BOMB (L) BY ANDRE DE NESNERA (BELFAST)
  • [10] VATICAN / U-S AMBASSADOR (L ONLY) BY PEGGY POLK (ROME)

  • [01] BELFAST / BOMB (S) BY ANDRE DE NESNERA (BELFAST)

    DATE=9/16/97
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-219944
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: IN NORTHERN IRELAND, A BOMB HAS EXPLODED IN MARKETHILL -- A TOWN ABOUT 60-KILOMETERS FROM BELFAST. V-O-A'S ANDRE DE NESNERA REPORTS FROM THE NORTHERN IRELAND CAPITAL.

    TEXT: POLICE IN MARKETHILL SAY A LOCAL RADIO STATION RECEIVED A TELEPHONE WARNING ABOUT A BOMB LOCATED IN A VAN NEXT TO THE TOWN'S POLICE STATION.

    AS THE AREA WAS EVACUATED, THE BOMB WENT OFF, SEVERELY DAMAGING THE STATION AND THE SURROUNDING AREA. INITIAL REPORTS SAID THERE WERE NO CASUALTIES.

    NO GROUP HAS YET CLAIMED RESPONSIBILITY FOR THE ATTACK, BUT INITIAL SUSPICION FELL ON REPUBLICAN TERRORIST GROUPS.

    THE DEPUTY LEADER OF THE PRO-BRITISH ULSTER UNIONIST PARTY QUICKLY CONDEMNED THE BOMBING.

    /// TAYLOR ACT ///

    IT IS VERY SERIOUS INDEED BECAUSE IT IS CLEARLY A REPUBLICAN ATTACK ON NORTHERN IRELAND AND WHAT HAS TO BE NOW IDENTIFIED IS WHETHER IT IS THE I-R-A ITSELF OR A BREAKAWAY GROUP FROM THE I-R-A. IS THE I-R-A SPLITTING UP? IT COULD WELL BE THAT SINN FEIN / I-R-A ARE NOW SPLITTING UP ACROSS NORTHERN IRELAND.

    /// END ACT ///

    THE ULSTER UNIONISTS ARE DECIDING WHETHER TO TAKE PART IN POLITICAL TALKS ON NORTHERN IRELAND WHICH BEGAN MONDAY. ONE OFFICIAL SAID, OBVIOUSLY, SOMEONE DOES NOT WANT US THERE. (SIGNED)
    NEB/ADEN/JWH/RAE
    16-Sep-97 8:42 AM EDT (1242 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [02] BOSNIA ELECT (S-ONLY) BY PAMELA TAYLOR (SARAJEVO)

    DATE=9/16/97
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-219960
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: THE ORGANIZATION WHICH SUPERVISED BOSNIA'S ELECTION THIS PAST SATURDAY AND SUNDAY HAS REJECTED A RECOMMENDATION THAT A SERB NATIONALIST PARTY BE DISQUALIFIED. THE RECOMMENDATION CAME IN RESPONSE TO A COMPLAINT THAT THE ELECTIONS WERE NOT CONDUCTED IN FAIRLY AND OPENLY AROUND THE TOWN OF PALE -- THE HEADQUARTERS FOR SUPPORTERS OF FORMER BOSNIAN-SERB LEADER RADOVAN KARADZIC, WHO IS UNDER INDICTMENT FOR WAR CRIMES. MORE FROM VOA'S PAMELA TAYLOR IN SARAJEVO.

    TEXT: ROBERT FROWICK, CHIEF OF THE BOSNIAN MISSION OF THE ORGANIZATION FOR SECURITY AND COOPERATION IN EUROPE -- THE O-S-C-E -- HAS OVERRULED A STAFF RECOMMENDATION TO DISQUALIFY THE SERB NATIONALISTS PARTY.

    THE CALL FOR DISQUALIFICATION CAME WHEN ILLEGAL POSTERS OF MR. KARADZIC WENT UP ALL OVER THE PALE AREA. ON MONDAY, PALE RADIO AIRED THINLY VEILED THREATS AGAINST ELECTION SUPERVISORS FOLLOWING NEWS OF THE RECOMMENDATION TO DISQUALIFY THE PARTY.

    MR. FROWICK SAID HE DECIDED TO OVERRULE THE O-S-C-E APPEALS COMMISSION, MAINLY FOR SECURITY REASONS. BUT HE ALSO SAID DISQUALIFYING THE PARTY WILL NOT ACHIEVE WHAT O-S-C-E OFFICIALS EXPECT THE ELECTIONS TO ACHIEVE.

    ELECTION OFFICIALS EXPECT THE FINAL COUNT WILL SHOW A DROP IN SUPPORT FOR NATIONALIST PARTIES ALL ACROSS BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA. FINAL RESULTS ARE NOT EXPECTED UNTIL SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 21ST, AT THE EARLIEST. (SIGNED)
    NEB/PT/PCF/KL
    16-Sep-97 12:53 PM EDT (1653 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [03] EURO STOCKS (S-ONLY) BY PAUL FRANCUCH (LONDON)

    DATE=9/16/97
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-219966
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: MAJOR STOCK MARKETS OF WESTERN EUROPE TUESDAY SAW PRICES ADVANCE SHARPLY. PAUL FRANCUCH HAS THE CLOSING FIGURES FROM LONDON.

    TEXT: FRANKFURT, LONDON, AND PARIS WERE ALL UP AT THE CLOSE. GENERALLY ENCOURAGING ECONOMIC NEWS SPURRED ON BY ADVANCES ON WALL STREET HELPED DRIVE PRICES HIGHER IN WESTERN EUROPE.

    IN FRANKFURT, THE GERMAN "DAX 30" STOCK INDEX ADDED ALMOST 79-POINTS WHEN TRADING ENDED. PARIS INVESTORS IN STOCKS TRACKED BY THE "CAC 40" SAW THE INDEX VALUE RISE BY ALMOST 42-POINTS. IN LONDON, EUROPE'S BIGGEST STOCK MARKET SAW THE INFLUENTIAL "FINANCIAL TIMES" 100 INDEX OF SHARES GAIN 73-AND-A-HALF POINTS AT THE CLOSE.

    ON THE CURRENCY MARKETS, THE U-S DOLLAR LOST SOME VALUE IN LATE TRADING AGAINST BOTH THE GERMAN MARK AND BRITISH POUND. GOLD WAS DOWN AS WELL IN THE LONDON CLOSING FIX, OFF ONE-DOLLAR-10 CENTS AN OUNCE FROM MONDAY'S CLOSE, AND PRICED AT 321-DOLLARS-FIVE-CENTS. (SIGNED)
    NEB/PCF/RAE
    16-Sep-97 2:24 PM EDT (1824 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [04] MARIA CALLAS REMEMBERED (L ONLY) BY ANTHEE CARASSAVA (ATHENS)

    DATE=9/16/97
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-219955
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: GREECE IS PAYING SPECIAL TRIBUTE TO ITS LEGENDARY SOPRANO, MARIA CALLAS. ANTHEE CARASSAVA IN ATHENS REPORTS SINGERS, MAESTROS, AND FRIENDS OF THE LATE OPERA STAR HAVE GATHERED FOR A CONCERT COMMEMORATING THE 20TH ANNIVERSARY OF HER DEATH.

    TEXT: CRITICS PROMISE THE CONCERT (TUESDAY) WILL NEVER BE FORGOTTEN.

    PHILHARMONIC ORCHESTRA MEMBERS FROM EUROPE AND OPERA SINGERS FROM AROUND THE WORLD WILL UNITE AT AN ANCIENT THEATER IN ATHENS TO PAY TRIBUTE TO THE LEGENDARY SOPRANO, MARIA CALLAS. THE WORK TO BE PERFORMED WILL BE ONE OF THE OPERA STAR'S MOST BELOVED -- VERDI'S "REQUIEM".

    ALL PERFORMERS ARE RECIPIENTS OF "THE MARIA CALLAS GRAND PRIX" ORGANIZED ANNUALLY IN ATHENS.

    THE CONCERT MARKS THE END OF WEEK-LONG CELEBRATIONS HONORING MS. CALLAS, 20-YEARS AFTER HER DEATH. SINGERS, MAESTROS AND CLOSE FRIENDS PAID HER A PERSONAL SALUTE SUNDAY AT A PRIVATE CEREMONY, TOSSING OLIVE WREATHS AND FLOWERS INTO THE AEGEAN SEA AT THE SITE WHERE THE OPERA DIVA'S ASHES WERE SPRINKLED TWO-DECADES AGO.

    RECORDINGS OF MS. CALLAS' VOICE PLAYED FROM THE BOAT'S LOUDSPEAKER, ECHOING ACROSS THE ANCIENT CITY OF EPIDAVROS, SOUTH OF ATHENS.

    MARIA CALLAS WAS BORN IN NEW YORK, THE LONE DAUGHTER OF GREEK IMMIGRANTS. AT THE AGE OF 13, SHE MOVED TO GREECE TO BEGIN A SINGING CAREER THAT QUICKLY TOOK HER TO PROMINENT OPERA HOUSES IN ITALY AND FRANCE.

    BUT LIKE HER ILLUSTRIOUS GREEK ANCESTORS, MS. CALLAS LIFE WAS RIDDLED WITH TRAGEDY. BIOGRAPHERS SAY SHE WAS TORN BETWEEN THE DEMANDS OF BEING A WOMAN AND THOSE OF BEING AN ARTIST.

    HER TEMPESTUOUS AFFAIR WITH THE LATE GREEK SHIPPING TYCOON ARISTOTLE ONASSIS MARKED THE START OF A DEMISE ACCELERATED BY CHRONIC THROAT ILLNESS. CONSIDERED THE MOST VERSATILE OPERA SINGER OF HER TIME, MS. CALLAS DIED ALONE AT THE AGE OF 54. (SIGNED)
    NEB/AC/JWH/RAE
    16-Sep-97 11:32 AM EDT (1532 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [05] NORTHERN IRELAND (S) BY ANDRE DE NESNERA (BELFAST)

    DATE=9/16/97
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-219931
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: MULTI-PARTY TALKS RESUME IN BELFAST TODAY (TUESDAY). BUT AS V-O-A CORRESPONDENT ANDRE DE NESNERA REPORTS FROM BELFAST, IT IS STILL NOT CLEAR IF THE LARGEST PRO-BRITISH PARTY -- THE ULSTER UNIONISTS -- WILL ATTEND.

    TEXT: MEETINGS ARE EXPECTED TO CONTINUE BETWEEN THE ULSTER UNIONISTS AND REPRESENTATIVES OF THE BRITISH GOVERNMENT IN AN EFFORT TO PERSUADE THE PARTY TO ENTER MULTI-PARTY TALKS ON THE FUTURE OF NORTHERN IRELAND.

    FOR THE FIRST TIME EVER, SINN FEIN -- THE POLITICAL WING OF THE IRISH REPUBLICAN ARMY -- WAS ADMITTED TO THE NEGOTIATING TABLE WHEN THE TALKS OPENED MONDAY. BUT ALL OF THE PRO-BRITISH PARTIES BOYCOTTED THE EVENT.

    THE ULSTER UNIONIST PARTY SAYS IT IS CONCERNED THAT SINN FEIN IS NOT COMMITTED TO DEMOCRATIC PRINCIPLES. THE PRO-BRITISH PARTY ALSO WANTS MORE MOVEMENT ON THE ISSUE OF DISARMING PARAMILITARY GROUPS.

    LATE MONDAY, THE SENIOR BRITISH MINISTER IN CHARGE OF NORTHERN IRELAND -- MO MOWLAN -- TOLD REPORTERS SHE BELIEVES THE ISSUES MAY BE RESOLVED.

    /// MOWLAN ACT ///

    I THINK THEY WILL EVENTUALLY COME INTO THE PROCESS. I SINCERELY HOPE THEY WILL. IT IS WHAT THE PEOPLE OF NORTHERN IRELAND WANT. IT IS THE WAY FORWARD. AND WE WILL CONTINUE TO WORK TOGETHER WITH THE IRISH TO ACHIEVE THAT.

    /// END ACT ///

    ANALYSTS SAY THE QUESTION IS NOT IF THE ULSTER UNIONISTS WILL JOIN -- BUT WHEN. (SIGNED)
    NEB/ADEN/JWH/LH
    16-Sep-97 4:55 AM EDT (0855 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [06] TURKEY / EGYPT (S) BY DOUGLAS ROBERTS (CAIRO)

    DATE=9/16/97
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-219948
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: TURKEY'S PRESIDENT SULEYMAN DEMIREL HAS HELD A DAY OF TALKS IN EGYPT WITH PRESIDENT HOSNI MUBARAK, IN A BID TO REASSURE ARAB NATIONS ABOUT TURKEY'S MILITARY COOPERATION WITH ISRAEL. V-O-A'S DOUGLAS ROBERTS IN CAIRO REPORTS PLANNED NAVAL EXERCISES BY TURKEY, ISRAEL AND THE UNITED STATES LATER THIS YEAR HAVE PROMPTED CONCERN AND OUTRAGE IN MANY PARTS OF THE ARAB WORLD.

    TEXT: AFTER TUESDAY'S MEETING IN ALEXANDRIA, PRESIDENT DEMIREL SAID THE UPCOMING JOINT NAVAL MANEUVERS WILL BE DEVOTED SOLELY TO AIR AND SEA RESCUE OPERATIONS. AND HE SAID TURKEY'S AGREEMENTS ON MILITARY COOPERATION WITH ISRAEL ARE NOT DIRECTED AGAINST ANY ARAB COUNTRY.

    /// DEMIREL ACT, IN TURKISH - FADE UNDER ///

    TURKEY HAS HISTORIC RELATIONS WITH THE ARAB WORLD, HE SAID, AND WE WANT TO DEEPEN THOSE TIES FOR THE BENEFIT OF OUR PEOPLES.

    PRESIDENT MUBARAK INDICATED HE WILL PASS ON THE TURKISH ASSURANCES TO SYRIA'S PRESIDENT HAFEZ AL-ASSAD, WHO IS DUE TO VISIT ALEXANDRIA LATER THIS WEEK. THE SYRIAN GOVERNMENT HAS BEEN THE MOST VOCAL ARAB CRITIC OF TURKEY'S GROWING TIES WITH ISRAEL. (SIGNED)
    NEB/DBR/JWH/KL
    16-Sep-97 10:24 AM EDT (1424 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [07] TURKEY/ARABS (L) BY DOUGLAS ROBERTS (CAIRO)

    DATE=9/16/97
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-219956
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: TURKEY'S PRESIDENT SULEIMAN DEMIREL HAS HELD A DAY OF TALKS (TUESDAY) WITH EGYPT'S PRESIDENT HOSNI MUBARAK IN ALEXANDRIA, IN A BID TO REASSURE THE ARAB WORLD ABOUT ANKARA'S MILITARY COOPERATION WITH ISRAEL. DOUGLAS ROBERTS IN CAIRO REPORTS THE GROWING ISRAELI-TURKISH RELATIONSHIP HAS SPARKED CONCERN AND CONDEMNATION IN MANY ARAB STATES.

    TEXT: TURKEY AND ISRAEL SIGNED TWO MILITARY ACCORDS JUST MORE THAN A YEAR AGO. ONE ALLOWS ISRAELI AIR FORCE JETS TO MAKE USE OF TURKISH AIRSPACE FOR TRAINING EXERCISES. THE OTHER COVERS THE MODERNIZATION OF MORE THAN 50 TURKISH WARPLANES AT AN ISRAELI FACTORY.

    ADDITIONAL AGREEMENTS ARE EXPECTED, DESPITE CONDEMNATION FROM THE ARAB WORLD. THE RHETORIC ESCALATED EARLIER THIS MONTH WHEN TURKEY, ISRAEL, AND THE UNITED STATES ANNOUNCED THEY WILL CONDUCT JOINT NAVAL EXERCISES IN THE EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN DURING NOVEMBER.

    SYRIA AND OTHER ARAB STATES SEE THE ISRAELI-TURKISH TIES AS THE HARBINGER (FORERUNNER) OF A STRATEGIC ALLIANCE DIRECTED AGAINST THE ARABS. MOST ARAB GOVERNMENTS DENOUNCED THE BILATERAL MILITARY ACCORDS AND THE PLANNED NAVAL EXERCISES. THE ISSUE IS HIGH ON THE AGENDA OF AN UPCOMING ARAB-LEAGUE MEETING.

    ANKARA INSISTS ARABS HAVE MISUNDERSTOOD ITS AGREEMENTS WITH ISRAEL. PRESIDENT DEMIREL STRESSED THIS IN THE MEETING WITH THE EGYPTIAN LEADER TUESDAY IN ALEXANDRIA.

    MR. DEMIREL SAID THE UPCOMING NAVAL MANEUVERS ARE TO BE DEVOTED EXCLUSIVELY TO AIR AND SEA RESCUE OPERATIONS. HE STRESSED TURKEY'S MILITARY ACCORDS WITH ISRAEL ARE NOT DIRECTED AGAINST ANY ARAB STATE.

    /// DEMIREL ACT, IN TURKISH -- ESTABLISH AND FADE ///

    HE SAID TURKEY HAS HISTORIC RELATIONS WITH THE ENTIRE ARAB WORLD, ADDING IT WANTS TO DEEPEN THOSE TIES FOR THE BENEFIT OF THE TWO PEOPLES.

    PRESIDENT MUBARAK APPEARED SOMEWHAT REASSURED BY THE TURKISH LEADER'S EXPLANATIONS.

    /// MUBARAK ACT, IN ARABIC ///

    MR. MUBARAK SAID WE DO NOT OBJECT TO TURKISH-ISRAELI RELATIONS. HE SAID PRESIDENT DEMIREL ASSURED THEY ARE NOT AIMED AT ANY ARAB NATION.

    THE EGYPTIAN PRESIDENT SAID HE WAS CONCERNED ABOUT THE PLANNED NAVAL EXERCISES UNTIL THE TURKISH LEADER ASSURED HIM THEY WILL FOCUS ONLY ON SEARCH AND RESCUE OPERATIONS. BUT MR. MUBARAK SAID HE WOULD DECLINE A TURKISH INVITATION TO JOIN IN THE MANEUVERS, SAYING EGYPT WILL NOT PARTICIPATE IN ANY MILITARY EXERCISES WITH ISRAEL UNTIL THE MIDDLE EAST CONFLICT IS RESOLVED.

    // REST OPT //

    WHETHER PRESIDENT DEMIREL'S VISIT WILL EASE THE STRAIN IN TURKISH-ARAB RELATIONS REMAINS TO BE SEEN. PRESIDENT MUBARAK SAID HE WILL DISCUSS THE ISSUE WITH SYRIA'S PRESIDENT HAFEZ AL-ASSAD, WHO IS SCHEDULED TO TRAVEL THURSDAY TO ALEXANDRIA.

    SYRIAN-TURKISH TIES WERE STRAINED LONG BEFORE ANKARA'S MILITARY ACCORDS WITH ISRAEL. TURKEY HAS REPEATEDLY DEMANDED A HALT TO SYRIAN SUPPORT FOR KURDISH SEPARATISTS AND THE TWO SIDES ARE ALSO AT ODDS OVER WATER SHARING ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE EUPHRATES RIVER.

    ANOTHER FACTOR OF TENSION IN TURKISH-ARAB RELATIONS IS ANKARA'S REPEATED MILITARY INCURSIONS INTO NORTHERN IRAQ TO HUNT DOWN KURDISH INSURGENTS.

    IN AN INTERVIEW TUESDAY WITH THE CAIRO NEWSPAPER, "AL AHRAM,", PRESIDENT DEMIREL REAFFIRMED ANKARA'S SUPPORT FOR IRAQ'S TERRITORIAL INTEGRITY. HE SAID THE INCURSIONS ARE AIMED SOLELY AT WIPING OUT TERRORIST BASES. (SIGNED)
    NEB/DBR/PCF/RAE
    16-Sep-97 11:47 AM EDT (1547 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [08] U-S/BOSNIA HOLBROOKE (S ONLY) BY VICTOR BEATTIE (WASHINGTON)

    DATE=9/15/97
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-219926
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: FORMER U-S ENVOY RICHARD HOLBROOKE APPLAUDS THE WAY THE MUNICIPAL ELECTIONS WERE CARRIED OUT IN BOSNIAN-HERZEGOVINA LAST WEEKEND AND INSISTS THE DAYTON PEACE ACCORDS ARE BEING IMPLEMENTED. VICTOR BEATTIE REPORTS MR. HOLBROOKE TOLD THE CABLE NEWS NETWORK (LATE MONDAY) THE DAYTON ACCORD WILL SUCCEED SO LONG AS THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY SEES IT THROUGH:

    TEXT: MR. HOLBROOKE, NOTING THE LARGE TURNOUT AND A LACK OF VIOLENCE, SAYS LAST WEEKEND'S BALLOT WAS A VOTE FOR DEMOCRACY. THE FORMER ENVOY AND ARCHITECT OF DAYTON SAYS THE MOST IMPORTANT LONG-RANGE TEST WILL BE THE ABILITY OF REFUGEES TO RETURN TO PRE-WAR HOMES. HE SAYS, SO FAR, ALL THREE ETHNIC GROUPS IN BOSNIA ARE DRAGGING THEIR FEET IN ALLOWING REFUGEES TO RETURN.

    STATE DEPARTMENT SPOKESMAN JAMES FOLEY SAYS THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY IS REACHING A CRITICAL POINT IN STEPPED-UP EFFORTS AT DAYTON IMPLEMENTATION:

    /// FOLEY ACTUALITY ///

    WE ARE FULLY DETERMINED TO MAKE FULL USE OF THE TOOLS AVAILABLE TO THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY TO SEE THAT THE AIMS OF DAYTON ARE BROUGHT TO FRUITION IN THE MONTHS TO COME.

    /// END ACTUALITY ///

    SUCH TOOLS, HE SAYS, INCLUDE SANCTIONS SUCH AS THE WITHHOLDING OF RECONSTRUCTION AID AND DENIAL OF TRAVEL PRIVILEGES.

    MR. HOLBROOKE SAYS THE TOUGHER INTERNATIONAL RESPONSE HAS RESULTED IN MAJOR PROGRESS ON THE GROUND IN BOSNIA. DESPITE A JUNE, 1998 DEADLINE FOR A U-S TROOP WITHDRAWAL, HE SAYS THE U-S LEADERSHIP IS PREPARED TO SEE IMPLEMENTATION OF DAYTON THROUGH. (SIGNED)
    NEB/VB/LWM
    15-Sep-97 9:32 PM EDT (0132 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [09] ULSTER BOMB (L) BY ANDRE DE NESNERA (BELFAST)

    DATE=9/16/97
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-219965
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: A LARGE BOMB EXPLODED IN THE SMALL NORTHERN IRELAND VILLAGE OF "MARKETHILL" ON TUESDAY. AS V-O-A CORRESPONDENT ANDRE DE NESNERA REPORTS FROM BELFAST, NORTHERN IRELAND, POLITICIANS BELIEVE THE AIM OF THE EXPLOSION IS TO DERAIL THE JUST-STARTED TALKS ON THE FUTURE OF THE BRITISH PROVINCE.

    TEXT: AUTHORITIES SAY THE CENTER OF MARKETHILL WAS EXTENSIVELY DAMAGED BY THE BOMB WHICH EXPLODED NEAR THE VILLAGE'S POLICE STATION. A LOCAL RADIO STATION RECEIVED A WARNING SOME 45 MINUTES BEFORE THE BLAST AND THE EXPLOSION OCCURRED AS THE EVACUATION WAS TAKING PLACE.

    THERE WERE NO CASUALTIES -- AND POLICE OFFICIALS SAY THAT IS A MIRACLE, GIVEN THAT THE BOMB EXPLODED NOT FAR FROM THE CATTLE MARKET, ON MARKETHILL'S BUSIEST WEEKDAY. HOWEVER SEVERAL PEOPLE WERE TREATED FOR SHOCK.

    NO GROUP HAS CLAIMED RESPONSIBILITY FOR THE BLAST -- AND THE IRISH REPUBLICAN ARMY (I-R-A) SAID IT WAS NOT INVOLVED. SUSPICION NOW RESTS WITH REPUBLICAN SPLINTER GROUPS WHICH HAVE NOT ABIDED BY THE I-R-A CEASEFIRE, IN FORCE SINCE JULY.

    DESPITE THEIR DENIAL, THE LARGEST PRO-BRITISH PARTY -- THE ULSTER UNIONISTS -- BLAMES THE MARKETHILL BOMBING ON THE I-R-A. THE ULSTER UNIONISTS HAVE ASKED FOR THE EXCLUSION OF SINN FEIN -- THE I-R-A'S POLITICAL WING -- FROM POLITICAL TALKS ON THE FUTURE OF NORTHERN IRELAND. THOSE TALKS OPENED MONDAY WITHOUT THE ULSTER UNIONISTS WHO BOYCOTTED THE PROCEEDINGS.

    THE DEPUTY LEADER OF THE NATIONALIST SOCIAL, DEMOCRATIC AND LABOUR PARTY -- SEAMUS MALLON -- TOLD ULSTER RADIO THE ATTACK WAS A DELIBERATE ATTEMPT TO SABOTAGE THE TALKS.

    // MALLON ACT //

    I AM ANGRY, I AM DISAPPOINTED, I AM FRUSTRATED AND I AM DISGUSTED THAT SUCH AN ACT SHOULD TAKE PLACE -- BUT WE SHOULD NOT LET ANY OF THOSE EMOTIONS DISTORT OUR BETTER JUDGMENT, AND OUR BETTER JUDGMENT IS THAT WE HAVE GOT TO SOLVE THIS PROBLEM IN A POLITICAL WAY SO THAT THOSE WHO BELIEVE IN VIOLENCE CANNOT OPERATE AGAIN IN THIS WAY.

    // END ACT //

    MEANWHILE, THE ULSTER UNIONIST PARTY IS STILL TRYING TO DECIDE WHETHER TO FORMALLY ENTER THE TALKS. SOME OF ITS LEADERS WERE EXPECTED TO GO TO THE NEGOTIATING SITE TUESDAY AND TAKE PART IN BILATERAL DISCUSSIONS -- BUT NOT TAKE PART IN THE PLENARY SESSION WHERE SINN FEIN IS ADMITTED. HOWEVER ULSTER UNIONIST PARTY LEADERS CANCELLED THOSE PLANS AND TRAVELLED TO MARKETHILL TO INSPECT THE BOMB DAMAGE.

    // OPT //

    ONE PARTY REFUSING TO ATTEND THE POLITICAL TALKS IS THE HARDLINE PRO-BRITISH PARTY, THE DEMOCRATIC UNIONISTS. ITS DEPUTY LEADER, PETER ROBINSON, TOLD REPORTERS IT IS PURE FOLLY TO TALK WITH SINN FEIN.

    // ROBINSON ACT //

    AND VERY CLEARLY, WHAT THE REPUBLICAN MOVEMENT IS SAYING TODAY IS, "WE ARE THUMBING OUR NOSE AT YOU. WE ARE IN THE (POLITICAL) PROCESS AND WE CAN DO WHATEVER WE WANT. WE CAN BOMB AND WE CAN SHOOT AT WILL -- AND NOBODY HAS THE GUTS TO PUT US OUT."

    // END ACT // //END OPT//

    ALL OF THE POLITICAL PARTIES IN NORTHERN IRELAND CONDEMNED THE BOMBING EXCEPT ONE -- SINN FEIN. IN A WRITTEN STATEMENT, SINN FEIN PRESIDENT GERRY ADAMS EXPRESSED "REGRET" -- BUT AT THE SAME TIME HE SAID HE WAS DISAPPOINTED THAT UNIONIST PARTIES ARE USING THE ATTACK AS AN EXCUSE NOT TO PARTICIPATE IN POLITICAL TALKS. (SIGNED)
    NEB/ADEN/PCF/KL
    16-Sep-97 2:03 PM EDT (1803 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


    [10] VATICAN / U-S AMBASSADOR (L ONLY) BY PEGGY POLK (ROME)

    DATE=9/16/97
    TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
    NUMBER=2-219954
    CONTENT=
    VOICED AT:

    INTRO: THE U-S AMBASSADOR TO THE VATICAN, RAYMOND FLYNN, HAS RESIGNED. PEGGY POLK IN ROME REPORTS MR. FLYNN WILL RETURN TO HIS HOME STATE, MASSACHUSETTS, TO CONSIDER RUNNING FOR ELECTION AS GOVERNOR.

    TEXT: MR. FLYNN -- A COLORFUL, SOMETIMES CONTROVERSIAL FIGURE ON THE DIPLOMATIC SCENE -- HAD SERVED AS MAYOR OF BOSTON FOR A DECADE BEFORE PRESIDENT CLINTON NAMED HIM AMBASSADOR TO THE VATICAN IN 1993.

    NOW THAT A FELLOW DEMOCRAT, CONGRESSMAN JOSEPH KENNEDY, HAS TAKEN HIMSELF OUT OF THE RUNNING FOR GOVERNOR OF MASSACHUSETTS, MR. FLYNN IS RETURNING TO CONSIDER MAKING A BID FOR THAT OFFICE IN ELECTIONS NEXT YEAR.

    IN KEEPING WITH VATICAN PROTOCOL, THE AMBASSADOR DROVE TO THE POPE'S SUMMER RESIDENCE AT CASTEL GANDOLFO IN THE ALBAN HILLS SOUTH OF ROME TO PAY A FAREWELL CALL ON JOHN PAUL THE SECOND.

    HE WILL LEAVE ROME SATURDAY.

    THE WHITE HOUSE HAS ALREADY SAID PRESIDENT CLINTON WILL NOMINATE FORMER REPRESENTATIVE LINDY BOGGS TO REPLACE MR. FLYNN.

    A DEMOCRAT FROM LOUISIANA, MRS. BOGGS SERVED NINE TERMS BEFORE RETIRING FROM CONGRESS, HER NOMINATION AS AMBASSADOR IS NOT EXPECTED TO MEET WITH SENATE OPPOSITION. AN EMBASSY SOURCE SAID SHE COULD ARRIVE IN ROME AS EARLY AS MID-OCTOBER TO PRESENT HER CREDENTIALS TO THE POPE.

    THE UNITED STATES ESTABLISHED FULL DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS WITH THE VATICAN IN THE MID-1980'S IN RECOGNITION OF THE EXPANDED VATICAN ROLE IN WORLD AFFAIRS UNDER THE PAPACY OF JOHN PAUL THE SECOND. (SIGNED)
    NEB/PP/JWH/RAE
    16-Sep-97 11:17 AM EDT (1517 UTC)
    NNNN
    Source: Voice of America


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