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United Nations Daily Highlights 96-10-15

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From: The United Nations Home Page at <http://www.un.org> - email: unnews@un.org

DAILY HIGHLIGHTS

Tuesday, October 15, 1996


This document is prepared by the Central News Section of the Department of Public Information and is updated every week-day at approximately 6:00 PM.

HEADLINES

  • Security Council expresses concern over Democratic People's Republic of Korea incident.
  • Economic and Financial Committee hears calls for single United Nations agency dealing with humanitarian aspects of post-conflict assistance.
  • Senior UN official says credibility of policy development process would be eroded if UN system did not ensure effective implementation.
  • UNESCO to sign agreement aimed at building culture of peace through cooperation in education, science, and culture in Africa and the United States.
  • UN Environment Programme Industry and Environment Centre opens new service on Internet.


The Security Council has expressed its concern over the incident of a submarine of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea on 18 September. In a Presidential statement read by Council President, Ambassador Gerardo Martinez Blanco of Honduras on Tuesday, the Council urged that the Korean Armistice Agreement be fully observed and that no action be taken that might increase tension or undermine peace and stability on the Korean peninsula.

Stressing that the Armistice Agreement should remain in force until it was replaced by a new peace mechanism, the Council encouraged both sides of the Korean peninsula to settle their outstanding issues by peaceful means through dialogue, so that peace and security on the peninsula would be strengthened.


The United Nations should have a single agency dealing with humanitarian aspects of post-conflict assistance and a greatly reduced number of agencies involved in development, the Second Committee (Economic and Financial) was told on Monday, as it began its general debate on the world economic situation.

The Minister for Development Cooperation of the Netherlands, Jan Pronk, said the United Nations should strengthen its capacity for coherent and integrated conflict prevention, and should recognise that stagnation in development often led to conflict. He stressed that development should not be delayed for want of a safer climate.

The representative of Ireland, speaking on behalf of the European Union and Associated States, said the United Nations was uniquely placed to foster progress towards international sustainable development and the Committee should address the question as to how the organisation could better address tasks in the economic, social and related fields.

Stressing the need for reform and revitalisation in the United Nations, the representative of the United States said his country supported the proposals made at the Summit meeting of the "Group of Seven" in Lyon for merging the three Secretariat departments responsible for development under the authority of a single Under-Secretary- General.

The representative of Costa Rica, speaking on behalf of the "Group of 77" developing countries and China, said the old practices of protectionism and neo-protectionism should give way to open trade. He stressed that problems of development could not be boiled down to the economic variable and called for an expansion of Official Development Assistance (ODA).


The credibility of the policy development process would be eroded if the UN system did not ensure effective implementation, according to the Under- Secretary-General for Sustainable Development, Nitin Desai. Addressing the Third Committee (Social, Humanitarian and Cultural) on Monday, Mr. Desai said the incredible achievements in social policy development over the last five years were evident to governments, businesses, trade unions and non- governmental organisations.

He said it was time to show that equal emphasis could be placed on monitoring and reviewing at the national and international levels, adding that there had to be better coordination within the UN system.

Other speakers stressed the importance of monitoring commitments to implement social development strategies at recent UN Conferences, especially the World Summit for Social Development. They also spoke of the importance of investing in youth and ensuring that people with disabilities were not marginalised and could actively contribute to society.

The Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs of Poland, Eugeniusz Wyzner formally introduced the UN Framework Convention on Transnational and Organised Crime. He said the international community needed to take urgent and appropriate action, as no State could combat organised crime alone. The proposed Convention would establish cooperation and coordination of States' activities to provide legal assistance, as well as reliable reporting and monitoring tools.


The UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) and three organisations which are active in education and economic development have agreed to work together in Africa and the United States to build a culture of peace through cooperation in education, science, culture and communication.

The formal agreement between UNESCO and the three organisations will be signed at a ceremony on October 26 in Philadelphia, United States. The agreement calls for the parties to cooperate on basic education and literacy projects, including teacher training and curriculum development; promoting human rights and tolerance; improving the status of women; science and technology; and building communication capacities.

According to UNESCO, one of the main goals of the agreement is to foster closer links between Africa and African-Americans through educational and cultural exchanges, such as the establishment of UNESCO chairs at Universities in Africa and in the United States, particularly at universities serving the African-American community.


The United Nations Environment Programme Industry and Environment Centre (UNEP IE) located in Paris has opened a new service on the Internet World Wide Web (WWW) that provides Governments', industry, non- governmental organisations (NGOs) and other stakeholders with information about UNEP's initiatives in sustainable production and consumption. According to the agency anyone in the world who has access to the WWW can visit the home page by pointing their browser software to http://www.unepie.org.

The site is part of UNEP IE's continuing initiative to encourage and support the adoption of environmentally-sound technologies and environmental management methods through worldwide information exchange. UNEP's effort compliments the availability of information regarding the entire range of activities of the United Nations on the UN Home Page (http://www.un.org).


For information purposes only - - not an official record

From the United Nations home page at <http://www.un.org> - email: unnews@un.org


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