|Tuesday, 14 July 2020|
Turkish Cypriot Press and Other Media, 96-10-30
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TURKISH PRESS AND OTHER MEDIA
[A] NEWS ITEMS
[A] NEWS ITEMS
 Turkey reportedly plans to make concessions on CyprusAccording to HURRIYET (27.10.96), considering Europe's increasing warnings on the Cyprus problem and human rights, Turkey is preparing to make a new initiative. The first stage of the initiative was brought to light with the disclosure Foreign Minister Tansu Ciller made on democratization. The second stage is related to Turkey's decision to adopt a more moderate approach on Cyprus' accession to the EU. Within this framework, Ankara will move to adopt a new approach on the matter, which will be more flexible than the policy that called for the simultaneous accession of Turkey and Cyprus to the EU. It will be recalled that the inflexible policy was outlined in the memorandum that was signed by President Suleyman Demirel and Turkish Cypriot leader Rauf Denktash on 28 December 1995.
It has been reported, the paper writes, that the EU countries will be informed that Ankara will agree to Cyprus' accession in return for a definite and unchanging calendar for Turkey's accession to the organization. It also has been reported that Ankara may decide not to use the veto right it claims to have in accordance with the London and Zurich Agreements.
A high-ranking Foreign Ministry diplomat has confirmed the plan that has been made for the new initiative on Cyprus. He said: "Why should this not be so if they establish a definite calendar on Turkey's accession to the EU? However, the solution of the Cyprus problem is a precondition. The two sides must join the EU under equal conditions and Turkey's accession must be guaranteed."
The European countries have intensified their effort to have the Cyprus problem resolved as soon as they became aware of Turkey's new plan. The most important development within that framework was Rauf Denktash recent contacts in Germany. He was informed that his "exclusion from the Cyprus problem is out of question."
Meanwhile, the paper concludes, Britain is preparing to make a new initiative through Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs Malcolm Rifkind. He plans to hold talks with Rauf Denktash and President Glafcos Clerides when he visits Cyprus in December.
 Security, defense get $10.1 billion in Turkey's Draft BudgetAccording to Turkish Daily News (29.10.96), security and defense, along with three other main government tasks --education, health and justice -- are set to receive the highest portion of the expenditures previewed in the 1997 draft budget.
Of the 30.95 percent share of the total expenditures assigned to the government's four main tasks, security and defense are set to receive TL (Turkish Lira) 961.925 trillion ($10.1 billion), which is 15.38 percent of the total, followed by education with TL 705.763 trillion ($7.4 billion) accounting for 11.28 percent. Health expenditures are set at TL 204.939 trillion ($2.1 billion) or 3.28 percent, while justice expenditures will remain at TL 63.036 trillion ($663 million) or 1.1 percent of the total spending.
In 1996, however, expenditures on security and defense are expected to account for 11.69 percent of amount assigned to the four main asks, while education expenditures would be 8.75 percent, health at 2.46 percent and justice at 0.78 percent.
According to the 1996 budget estimates, TL 30.652 trillion ($322.6 million) will be spent on justice, TL 96.977 trillion ($1.02 billion) on health, TL 345.294 trillion ($3.634 billion) on education and TL 461.534 trillion ($4.858 billion) on security and defense.
The shares of the four tasks in the national income are expected to increase from 3.12 to 3.79 for security and defense, from 2.34 to 2.78 for education from 0.66 to 0.81 for health and from 0.21 to 0.25 for justice compared to the 1996 estimates.
The $46.333 billion 1997 draft budget envisages a zero-deficit and aims at lowering expenditures by $2.242 billion from the 1996 target which is expected to produce a deficit of $16 billion this year.
Estimates based on an average annual dollar exchange rate of TL 81,250 for 1996 and TL 135,000 for 1997 show that the 1996 expenditures would amount to $48.575 billion while revenues would stay at $32.575 billion.
The biggest share in the 1997 draft budget is taken up by $25.079 billion in transfer payments, which is $4.647 billion less than the $29.726 billion in such payments predicted for the current year. Interest payments on both domestic and foreign debts in the transfers amount to a huge $13.807 billion.
Personnel expenditures account for the second highest amount, with $12.407 billion after the interest payments.
 Turkey said to be under secret US embargoWriting in MILLIYET (26.10.96), Turkish General Dogan Gures, True Path Party deputy and former chief of the General Staff, has claimed that Turkey, in addition to being confronted with problems which may create a wave of social unrest, has been "besieged by foreign countries." Arguing that the United States has imposed a secret embargo against Turkey, Dogan claimed, inter alia, that the United States has imposed an economic and military embargo on Turkey because of Greece and Armenia. "We refrained from joining the allies in the Gulf War. Consequently, we have participated in the Hammer Force (Provide Comfort) physically, not legally. The allies, however, have not objected to that", he writes. And continues, referring to Cyprus:
"Regarding Cyprus, the United States has claimed that the problem will be resolved in 1997. How will it be resolved? I am about to lose hope. We have called for a bicommunal and bizonal federation on the island. However, it seems that conditions do not allow the two sides to live together. The problem may be resolved through secret diplomacy. I worked as a staff colonel at the General Staff when the slogan `partition or death' was chanted in Cyprus in the past. Bulent Ecevit objected to the idea. So did I. I defended the view that the division of the island will be in Greece's interest."
 Turkish Cypriots retaliate against the Greek Cypriot protest activities at Ledra Palace check-pointKIBRIS (30.10.96) reports that following the weekend protest demonstrations at the Ledra Palace check-point by the Greek Cypriots, the occupation regime in a retaliatory action prepared a propaganda leaflet called "Cyprus exposed to the naked eye". In addition to the leaflet two huge bulletin boards were placed on the occupied side of the Ledra Palace check-point where pictures are being displaced. The leaflet includes excerpts from the letter sent to President Clerides by Rauf Denktash. (MY)